Page 63

References

Nutrient Requirements And Signs Of Deficiency

Energy

Abrams, J. T. 1962. The Feeding of Dogs. Edinburgh: W. Green and Sons.

Abrams, J. T. 1976. Nutrition of the Dog. Sec. G, Diets, Media, Food Supplements. Cleveland, Ohio: CRC Press.

Arnold, A., and C. A. Elvehjem. 1939. Nutritional requirements of dogs. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 95:187.

Blaza, S. E. 1981. The nutrition of giant breeds of dogs. Pedigree Dig. 8(3):8.

Brody, S., R. C. Proctor, and U. S. Ashworth. 1934. Growth and Development With Special Reference to Domestic Animals. XXXIV. Basal Metabolism, Endogenous Nitrogen, Creatinine and Neutral Sulphur Excretions As Functions of Body Weight. Univ. Mo. Agric. Exp. Stn. Res. Bull. No. 220. Columbia: University of Missouri.

Cowgill, G. R. 1928. The energy factor in relation to food intake: Experiments on the dog. Am. J. Physiol. 85:45.

Durrer, J. L., and J. P. Hannon. 1962. Seasonal variations in caloric intake of dogs living in an arctic environment. Am. J. Physiol. 202:375.

Hedhammar, A., Fu-ming Wu, L. Krook, H. F. Schryver, A. de Lahunta, J. P. Whalen, F. A. Kallfelz, E. A. Nunez, H. F. Hintz, B. E. Sheffy, and G. D. Ryan. 1974. Overnutrition and Skeletal Disease. Cornell Vet. 64 (Suppl. 5).

Heusner, A. A. 1982. Energy metabolism and body size. I. Is the mass exponent of Kleiber's equation a statistical artifact? Resp. Physiol. 48:1.

Kendall, P. T., D. W. Holme, and P. M. Smith. 1982. Methods of prediction of the digestible energy content of dog foods from gross energy value, proximate analysis and digestible nutrient content. J. Sci. Food Agric. 3:823.

Kleiber, M. 1932. Body size and metabolism. Hilgardia 6:315.

Kleiber, M. 1961. The Fire of Life. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Kronfeld, D. S., E. P. Hammel, C. F. Romberg, Jr., and H. L. Dunlap, Jr. 1977. Hematological and metabolic responses to training in racing sled dogs fed diets containing medium low or zero carbohydrate. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 30:419.

McNamara, J. H. 1971. Weight loss. Current Veterinary Therapy IV. R. W. Kirk, ed. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.

National Research Council. 1974. Nutrient Requirements of Dogs. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences.

National Research Council. 1981. Nutritional Energetics of Domestic Animals and Glossary of Energy Terms. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Payne, P. R. 1965. Assessment of the protein values of diets in relation to the requirements of the growing dog. Pp. 19-31 in Canine and Feline Nutritional Requirements. O. Graham-Jones, ed. London: Pergamon Press.

Romsos, D. R., H. J. Palmer, K. L. Muiruri, and M. R. Bennink. 1981. Influence of a low carbohydrate diet on performance of pregnant and lactating dogs. J. Nutr. 111:678.

Thonney, M. L., R. W. Touchberry, R. D. Goodrich, and J. C. Meiske. 1976. Intraspecies relationship between fasting heat production and body weight: A reevaluation of W.75. J. Anim. Sci. 43:690.

Fat

Budowski, P. 1981. Review: Nutritional effects of -3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Isr. J. Med. Sci. 17:223.

Campbell, J. E., and P. H. Phillips. 1953. Some problems on feeding fat to dogs. Southwest. Vet. 6:173.

Cowgill, G. R. 1928. The energy factor in relation to food intake: Experiments on the dog. Am. J. Physiol. 85:45.

Crampton, E. W. 1964. Nutrient-to-calorie ratios in applied nutrition. J. Nutr. 82:353.

Downey, R. L., D. S. Kronfeld, and C. A. Banta. 1980. Diet of Beagles affects stamina. J. Am. Anim. Hosp. Assoc. 16:273.

Elvehjem, C. A., and W. A. Krehl. 1947. Imbalances and dietary interrelationships in nutrition. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 135:279.

Hammel, E. P., D. S. Kronfeld, V. K. Ganjan, and H. L. Dunlap. 1977. Metabolic responses to exhaustive exercise in racing sled dogs fed diets containing medium, low or zero carbohydrate. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 30:409.

Hansen, A. E., and H. F. Wiese. 1951. Fat in the diet in relation to nutrition of the dog. I. Characteristic appearance and gross changes of animals fed diets with and without fat. Tex. Rep. Biol. Med. 9:491.

Hansen, A. E., H. F. Wiese, and O. Beck. 1948. Susceptibility to infection manifested by dogs on a low-fat diet. Fed. Proc. 7:289.

Hansen, A. E., J. G. Sinclair, and H. F. Wiese. 1954. Sequence of histologic change in skin of dogs in relation to dietary fat. J. Nutr. 52:541.

Holman, R. T. 1981. Effect of dietary trans fatty acids upon prostaglandin precursors. In Nutritional Factors: Modulating Effects on



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Page 63 References Nutrient Requirements And Signs Of Deficiency Energy Abrams, J. T. 1962. The Feeding of Dogs. Edinburgh: W. Green and Sons. Abrams, J. T. 1976. Nutrition of the Dog. Sec. G, Diets, Media, Food Supplements. Cleveland, Ohio: CRC Press. Arnold, A., and C. A. Elvehjem. 1939. Nutritional requirements of dogs. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 95:187. Blaza, S. E. 1981. The nutrition of giant breeds of dogs. Pedigree Dig. 8(3):8. Brody, S., R. C. Proctor, and U. S. Ashworth. 1934. Growth and Development With Special Reference to Domestic Animals. XXXIV. Basal Metabolism, Endogenous Nitrogen, Creatinine and Neutral Sulphur Excretions As Functions of Body Weight. Univ. Mo. Agric. Exp. Stn. Res. Bull. No. 220. Columbia: University of Missouri. Cowgill, G. R. 1928. The energy factor in relation to food intake: Experiments on the dog. Am. J. Physiol. 85:45. Durrer, J. L., and J. P. Hannon. 1962. Seasonal variations in caloric intake of dogs living in an arctic environment. Am. J. Physiol. 202:375. Hedhammar, A., Fu-ming Wu, L. Krook, H. F. Schryver, A. de Lahunta, J. P. Whalen, F. A. Kallfelz, E. A. Nunez, H. F. Hintz, B. E. Sheffy, and G. D. Ryan. 1974. Overnutrition and Skeletal Disease. Cornell Vet. 64 (Suppl. 5). Heusner, A. A. 1982. Energy metabolism and body size. I. Is the mass exponent of Kleiber's equation a statistical artifact? Resp. Physiol. 48:1. Kendall, P. T., D. W. Holme, and P. M. Smith. 1982. Methods of prediction of the digestible energy content of dog foods from gross energy value, proximate analysis and digestible nutrient content. J. Sci. Food Agric. 3:823. Kleiber, M. 1932. Body size and metabolism. Hilgardia 6:315. Kleiber, M. 1961. The Fire of Life. New York: John Wiley and Sons. Kronfeld, D. S., E. P. Hammel, C. F. Romberg, Jr., and H. L. Dunlap, Jr. 1977. Hematological and metabolic responses to training in racing sled dogs fed diets containing medium low or zero carbohydrate. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 30:419. McNamara, J. H. 1971. Weight loss. Current Veterinary Therapy IV. R. W. Kirk, ed. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders. National Research Council. 1974. Nutrient Requirements of Dogs. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. National Research Council. 1981. Nutritional Energetics of Domestic Animals and Glossary of Energy Terms. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Payne, P. R. 1965. Assessment of the protein values of diets in relation to the requirements of the growing dog. Pp. 19-31 in Canine and Feline Nutritional Requirements. O. Graham-Jones, ed. London: Pergamon Press. Romsos, D. R., H. J. Palmer, K. L. Muiruri, and M. R. Bennink. 1981. Influence of a low carbohydrate diet on performance of pregnant and lactating dogs. J. Nutr. 111:678. Thonney, M. L., R. W. Touchberry, R. D. Goodrich, and J. C. Meiske. 1976. Intraspecies relationship between fasting heat production and body weight: A reevaluation of W.75. J. Anim. Sci. 43:690. Fat Budowski, P. 1981. Review: Nutritional effects of -3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Isr. J. Med. Sci. 17:223. Campbell, J. E., and P. H. Phillips. 1953. Some problems on feeding fat to dogs. Southwest. Vet. 6:173. Cowgill, G. R. 1928. The energy factor in relation to food intake: Experiments on the dog. Am. J. Physiol. 85:45. Crampton, E. W. 1964. Nutrient-to-calorie ratios in applied nutrition. J. Nutr. 82:353. Downey, R. L., D. S. Kronfeld, and C. A. Banta. 1980. Diet of Beagles affects stamina. J. Am. Anim. Hosp. Assoc. 16:273. Elvehjem, C. A., and W. A. Krehl. 1947. Imbalances and dietary interrelationships in nutrition. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 135:279. Hammel, E. P., D. S. Kronfeld, V. K. Ganjan, and H. L. Dunlap. 1977. Metabolic responses to exhaustive exercise in racing sled dogs fed diets containing medium, low or zero carbohydrate. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 30:409. Hansen, A. E., and H. F. Wiese. 1951. Fat in the diet in relation to nutrition of the dog. I. Characteristic appearance and gross changes of animals fed diets with and without fat. Tex. Rep. Biol. Med. 9:491. Hansen, A. E., H. F. Wiese, and O. Beck. 1948. Susceptibility to infection manifested by dogs on a low-fat diet. Fed. Proc. 7:289. Hansen, A. E., J. G. Sinclair, and H. F. Wiese. 1954. Sequence of histologic change in skin of dogs in relation to dietary fat. J. Nutr. 52:541. Holman, R. T. 1981. Effect of dietary trans fatty acids upon prostaglandin precursors. In Nutritional Factors: Modulating Effects on

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Page 64 Metabolic Processes. R. F. Beers and E. G. Bassett, eds. New York: Raven Press. Holman, R. T., S. B. Johnson, and T. F. Hatch. 1982. A case of human linolenic acid deficiency involving neurological abnormalities. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 35:617. James, W. T., and C. M. McCay. 1950. A study of food intake, activity, and digestive efficiency in different type dogs. Am. J. Vet. Res. 11:412. Mead, J. F. 1980. Nutrients with special functions: Essential fatty acids. Chap. 8 in Human Nutrition: A Comprehensive Treatise. R. B. Alfin-Slater and D. Kritchevsky, eds. Vol. 3A. New York: Plenum Press. Newberne, P. M., J. G. Bieri, G. M. Briggs, and M. C. Nesheim. 1978. Control of Diets in Laboratory Animal Experimentation. A Report of the Committee on Laboratory Animal Diets, Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources, Assembly of Life Sciences, National Research Council. Washington, D.C. Ontko, J. A., and P. H. Phillips. 1958. Reproduction and lactation studies with bitches fed semipurified diets. J. Nutr. 65:211. Ontko, J. A., R. E. Wuthier, and P. H. Phillips. 1957. The effect of increased dietary fat upon the protein requirement of the growing dog. J. Nutr. 62:163. Orr, N. W. M. 1965. The food requirements of antarctic sledge dogs. Pp. 101-112 in Canine and Feline Nutritional Requirements. O. Graham-Jones, ed. London: Pergamon Press. Romsos, D. R., P. S. Belo, M. R. Bennink, W. G. Bergen, and G. A. Leveille. 1976. Effects of dietary carbohydrates, fat and protein on growth, body composition and blood metabolite levels in the dog. J. Nutr. 106:1452. Romsos, D. R., M. J. Hornshuh, and G. A. Leveille. 1978. Influence of dietary fat on food intake, body weight and body fat of adult dogs. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 157:278. Sclafani, A. 1980. Dietary Obesity. Chap. 6. in Obesity. A. J. Stunkard, ed. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders. Siedler, A. J., and B. S. Schweigert. 1952. Effect of the level of fat in the diet on the growth performance of dogs. J. Nutr. 48:81. Siedler, A. J., and B. S. Schweigert. 1954. Effect of the level of animal fat in the diet on the maintenance, reproduction and lactation performance of dogs. J. Nutr. 53:187. Therriault, D. G., G. A. Beller, J. A. Smoake, and L. H. Hartley. 1973. Intramuscular energy sources in dogs during physical work. J. Lipid Res. 14:54. Wiese, H. F., A. E. Hansen, and E. Coon. 1962. Influence of high and low caloric intakes on fat-deficiency of dogs. J. Nutr. 76:73. Wiese, H. F., M. J. Bennett, E. Coon, and W. Yamanaka. 1965. Lipid metabolism of puppies as affected by kind and amount of fat and of dietary carbohydrate. J. Nutr. 86:271. Wiese, H. F., W. Yamanaka, E. Coon, and S. Barber. 1966. Skin lipids of puppies as affected by kind and amount of dietary fat. J. Nutr. 89:113. Young, D. R. 1959. Effect of food deprivation on treadmill running in dogs. J. Appl. Physiol. 14:1018. Carbohydrates Banta, C. A., E. T. Clemens, M. M. Krinsky, and B. E. Sheffy. 1979. Sites of organic acid production and patterns of digesta movement in the gastrointestinal tract of dogs. J. Nutr. 109:1592. Becker, D. E., D. E. Ullrey, S. E. Terrill, and R. A. Notzold. 1954. Failure of the newborn pig to utilize dietary sucrose. Science 120:345. Belo, P. S., D. R. Romsos, and G. A. Leveille. 1976. Influence of diet on glucose tolerance, on the rate of glucose utilization and on gluconeogenic enzyme activities in the dog. J. Nutr. 106:1465. Bennent, M. J., and E. Coon. 1966. Mellituria and postprandial blood sugar curves in dogs after ingestion of various carbohydrates with the diet. J. Nutr. 88:163. Bergman, E. N. 1973. Glucose metabolism in ruminants as related to hypoglycemia and ketosis. Cornell Vet. 63:341. Brambila, S., and F. W. Hill. 1966. Comparison of neutral fat and free fatty acids in high lipid-low carbohydrate diets for growing chickens. J. Nutr. 88:84. Chen, S. C-H., S. Tsai, and M. C. Nesheim. 1980. Response of rats fed diets low in glucose and glucose precursors to low levels of glucose starch and chemically modified starch. J. Nutr. 110:1023. Heiman, V. 1959. Nutrition and feeding of dogs. Feedstuffs, Feb. 14, pp. 18-22. Herschel, D. A., R. A. Argenzio, M. Southworth, and C. E. Stevens. 1981. Absorption of volatile fatty acid, Na, and H2O by the colon of the dog. Am. J. Vet. Res. 42:1118. Houpt, K. A., B. Coren, H. F. Hintz, and J. E. Hilderbrant. 1979. Effect of sex and reproductive status on sucrose preference, food intake, and body weight of dogs. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 174:1083. Ivy, A. C., C. R. Schmidt, and J. Beazell. 1936. Starch digestion in the dog. North Am. Vet. 17:44. James, W. T., and C. M. McCay. 1950. A study of food intake, activity, and digestive efficiency in different type dogs. Am. J. Vet. Res. 11:412. Kliegman, R. M., E. L. Miettinen, and P. A. J. Adam. 1980. Substrate-turnover interrelationships in fasting neonatal dogs. Am. J. Physiol. 239:E287. Luick, J. R., H. R. Parker, and A. C. Anderson. 1960. Composition of beagle dog milk. Am. J. Physiol. 119:731. Milner, J. A. 1979. Assessment of indispensable and dispensable amino acids for the immature dog. J. Nutr. 109:1161. Romsos, D. R., P. S. Belo, M. R. Bennink, W. G. Bergen, and G. A. Leveille. 1976. Effects of dietary carbohydrate, fat and protein on growth, body composition and blood metabolite levels in the dog. J. Nutr. 106:1452. Romsos, D. R., H. J. Palmer, K. L. Muiruri, and M. R. Bennink. 1981. Influence of a low carbohydrate diet on performance of pregnant and lactating dogs. J. Nutr. 111:678. Roseboom, B. B., and J. W. Patton. 1929. Starch digestion in the dog. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 74:768. Taylor, S. A., R. E. Shrader, K. G. Koski, and F. J. Zeman. 1983. Maternal and embryonic response to a ''carbohydrate-free" diet fed to rats. J. Nutr. 113:253. Protein and Amino Acids Adibi, S. A. 1980. Roles of branched chain amino acids in metabolic regulation. J. Lab. Clin. 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The effect of increased dietary fat upon the protein requirement of the growing dog. J. Nutr. 62:163. Orr, N. W. M. 1966. The feeding of sledge dogs on Antarctic expeditions. Br. J. Nutr. 20:1. Payne, P. R. 1965. Assessment of the protein values of diets in relation to the requirements of the growing dog. Pp. 19-31 in Canine and Feline Nutritional Requirements. O. Graham-Jones, ed. London: Pergamon Press. Rose, W. C., and E. E. Rice. 1939. The significance of the amino acids in canine nutrition. Science 90:186. Titchenal, C. A., Q. R. Rogers, R. J. Indrieri, and J. G. Morris. 1980. Threonine imbalance, deficiency and neurologic dysfunction in the kitten. J. Nutr. 110:2444. Triebwasser, K. C., P. B. Swan, L. M. Henderson, and J. A. Budny. 1976. Metabolism of D- and L-tryptophan in dogs. J. Nutr. 106:642. Visek, W. J., J. B. Robertson, J. P. Gagnon, S. K. Clinton, and E. A. Ulman. 1976. Dried brewers grains for mature and growing dogs. J. Anim. Sci. 43:442. Voit, C. 1881. L. Hermann's Handbuch der Physiologie des Gesammtstoffwechsels und der Fortpflanzung. I. Physiologie des allgemeinen Stoffwechsels und der Ernährung. Leipzig. Wannemacher, R. W., Jr., and J. R. McCoy. 1966. Determination of

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Overnutrition and skeletal disease: An experimental study in growing Great Dane dogs. Cornell Vet. 64, Suppl. 5. Henrikson, P. 1968. Periodontal disease and calcium deficiency. Acta Odontol. Scand., Suppl. 50. Hoff-Jørgensen, E. 1946. The influence of phytic acid on the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. Biochem. J. 40:189. Jenkins, K. J., and P. H. Phillips. 1960a. The mineral requirements of the dog. I. Phosphorus requirement and availability. J. Nutr. 70:235. Jenkins, K. J., and P. H. Phillips. 1960b. The mineral requirements of the dog. II. The relation of calcium, phosphorus and fat levels to minimal calcium and phosphorus requirements. J. Nutr. 70:241. Krook, L., L. Lutwak, P. Henrikson, F. Kallfelz, C. Hirsch, B. Romanus, L. F. Bélanger, J. R. Marier, and B. E. Sheffy. 1971. Reversibility of nutritional osteoporosis: Physicochemical data on bones from an experimental study in dogs. J. Nutr. 101:233. McCay, C. M. 1949. Nutrition of the Dog. Ithaca, N.Y.: Comstock. Mellanby, E. 1920. Accessory food factors (vitamins) in the feeding of infants. Lancet 1:856. Morgan, A. F. 1934. The effect of acid, neutral, and basic diets on the calcium and phosphorus metabolism of dogs. Univ. Calif. Publ. Physiol. 8:61. Phillips, P. H., and E. B. Hart. 1935. The effect of organic dietary constituents upon chronic fluorine toxicosis in the rat. J. Biol. Chem. 109:657. Schedle, H. P., G. W. Osbaldiston, and I. H. Mills. 1968. Absorption, secretion, and precipitation of calcium in the small intestine of the dog. Am. J. Physiol. 214:814. Udall, R. H., and C. M. McCay. 1953. The feed value of fresh bone. J. Nutr. 49:197. Potassium Abbrecht, P. H. 1972. Cardiovascular effects of chronic potassium deficiency in the dog. Am. J. Physiol. 223:555. Phillips, P. H., and E. B. Hart. 1935. The effect of organic dietary constituents upon chronic fluorine toxicosis in the rat. J. Biol. Chem. 109:657. Ruegamer, W. R., C. A. Elvehjem, and E. B. Hart. 1946. Potassium deficiency in the dog. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 61:234. Serrano, C. V., L. M. Talbert, and L. G. Welt. 1964. Potassium deficiency in the pregnant dog. J. Clin. Invest. 43:27. Sodium And Chlorine Brubacher, E. S., and A. J. Vander. 1968. Sodium deprivation and renin secretion in unanesthetized dogs. Am. J. Physiol. 214:15. Bunag, R. D., I. H. Page, and J. W. McCubbin. 1966. Influence of dietary sodium on stimuli causing renin release. Am. J. Physiol. 211:1383. Ganong, W. F., and A. T. Boreyzka. 1967. Effect of a low-sodium diet on aldosterone-stimulating activity of angiotensin II in dogs. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 124:1230. Hamlin, R. L., R. C. Smith, C. R. Smith, and T. E. Powers. 1964. Effects of a controlled electrolyte diet, low in sodium, on healthy dogs. Vet. Med. Small Anim. Clin. July:748-751. McCance, R. A. 1936. Medical problems in mineral metabolism. III. Experimental human salt deficiency. Lancet 230:823. McCance, R. A., and E. M. Widdowson. 1944. Mineral metabolism. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 13:315. McCay, C. M. 1949. Nutrition of the Dog. Ithaca, N.Y.: Comstock. Morris, M. L., Jr., R. L. Patton, and S. M. Teeter. 1976. Low sodium diet in heart disease: How low is low? Vet. Med. Small Anim. Clin. September:1225-1227. Magnesium Bunce, G. E., K. J. Jenkins, and P. H. Phillips. 1962a. The mineral requirements of the dog. III. The magnesium requirement. J. Nutr. 76:17. Bunce, G. E., Y. Chiemchaisri, and P. H. Phillips. 1962b. The mineral requirements of the dog. IV. Effect of certain dietary and physiological factors upon the magnesium deficiency syndrome. J. Nutr. 76:23. Kahil, M. E., J. E. Parrish, E. L. Simons, and H. Brown. 1966. Magnesium deficiency in carbohydrate metabolism. Diabetes 15:734. Morris, M. L., Jr. 1963. Magnesium metabolism in the weanling dog. Ph.D. thesis. University of Wisconsin, Madison. 45 pp. Orent, E. R., H. D. Kruse, and E. V. McCollum. 1932. Studies on magnesium deficiency in animals. II. Species variation in symptomatology of magnesium deprivation. Am. J. Physiol. 101:454. Romsos, D. R., P. S. Belo, M. R. Bennink, W. G. Bergen, and G. A. Leveille. 1976. Effects of dietary carbohydrate, fat and protein on growth, body composition and blood metabolite levels in the dog. J. Nutr. 106:1452. Vitale, J. J., E. E. Hellerstein, M. Nakamura, and B. Lown. 1961. Effects of magnesium deficient diets upon puppies. Circ. Res. 9:387. Iron Arriaga de la Cabada, L., J. Labardini, and L. Sanchez-Medal. 1969. Hemolysis and erythropoiesis. V. The utilization of hemoglobin iron by bled anemic dogs. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 131:279. Bannerman, R. M. 1965. Quantitative aspects of hemoglobin iron absorption. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 65:944. Bronson, W. R., and T. R. C. Sisson. 1960. Studies on acute iron poisoning. J. Dis. Child. 99:18. Brown, E. B. 1963. The absorption of iron. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 12:205.

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Page 67 Brown, E. B., D. E. Smith, R. Dubach, and C. V. Moore. 1959. Lethal iron overload in dogs. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 53:591. Cibis, P. A., E. B. Brown, and S. M. Hong. 1957. Ocular effects of systematic siderosis. Am. J. Ophthalmol. 44(2):158. Cline, M. J., and N. I. Berlin. 1963. Erythropoiesis and red cell survival in hypothyroid dogs. Am. J. Physiol. 204:415. D'Arcy, P. F., and E. M. Howard. 1962a. Acute toxicity of ferrous salts administered to dogs by mouth. J. Pathol. Bacteriol. 83:65. D'Arcy, P. F., and E. M. Howard. 1962b. Iron therapy. Pharm. J. 189:223. Elvehjem, C. A., E. B. Hart, and W. C. Sherman. 1933. The availability of iron from different sources for hemoglobin formation. J. Biol. Chem. 103:61. Elvehjem, C. A., E. B. Hart, and W. C. Sherman. 1934. Limitations of cereal-milk diets for hemoglobin formation. J. Pediatr. 4:65. Fitch, C. D., W. E. Harville, J. S. Dinning, and F. S. Porter. 1964. Iron deficiency in monkeys fed diets containing soybean protein. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 116:130. Fritz, J. C., G. W. Pla, T. Roberts, J. W. Boehme, and E. L. Hove. 1970. Biological availability in animals of iron from common dietary sources. J. Agric. Food Chem. 18:647. Frost, D. V., C. A. Elvehjem, and E. B. Hart. 1940. Iron utilization in dogs on milk diets. J. Nutr. 19:311. Goldstone, J. M., I. Kushner, and J. W. Harris. 1962. Studies on regulation of plasma iron in dogs with turpentine abscesses. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 110:285. Hahn, P. F., W. F. Bale, and G. H. Whipple. 1946. Effects of inflammation (turpentine abcess) on iron absorption. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 61:405. Koepke, J. A., and W. B. Stewart. 1964a. The role of gastric secretion in iron absorption. Fed. Proc. 23:511. Koepke, J. A., and W. B. Stewart. 1964b. Role of gastric secretion in iron absorption. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 115:927. Linton, R. G. 1934. Canine nutrition. 12th Int. Vet. Congr. N.Y. 3:488. McCance, R. A., and E. M. Widdowson. 1944. Mineral metabolism. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 8:315. McCay, C. M. 1949. Nutrition of the Dog. Ithaca. N.Y.: Comstock. Moore, C. F. 1963. Hypochromic anaemias not caused by iron deficiency. Australasian Ann. Med. 12:16. Murray, J. F., P. Gold, and B. L. Johnson, Jr. 1962. Systemic oxygen transport in induced normovolemic anemia and polycythemia. Am. J. Physiol. 203:720. National Research Council. 1980. Mineral Tolerance of Domestic Animals. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. Phillips, P. H., and E. B. Hart. 1935. The effect of organic dietary constitutents upon chronic fluorine toxicosis in the rat. J. Biol. Chem. 109:657. Pollack, S., S. P. Balcerzak, and W. H. Crosby. 1963. Transferrin and absorption of iron. Blood 21:33. Pollack, S., R. M. Kaufman, and W. H. Crosby. 1964. An investigation of exchange of iron across the intestinal mucosa. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 63:847. Potter, V. R., C. A. Elvehjem, and E. B. Hart. 1938. Anemia studies with dogs. J. Biol. Chem. 126:155. Ruegamer, W. R., L. Michaud, E. B. Hart, and C. A. Elvehjem. 1946. The use of the dog for studies on iron availability. J. Nutr. 32:101. Sherman, W. C., C. A. Elvehjem, and E. B. Hart. 1934. Further studies on the availability of iron in biological materials. J. Biol. Chem. 107:383. Stewart, W. B., and S. R. Gambino. 1961. Kinetics of iron absorption in normal dogs. Am. J. Physiol. 201:67. Talwar, J. R., S. Kumar, and E. J. Lazaro. 1961. The role of duodenum in iron absorption. Indian J. Med. Res. 49:656. Udall, R. H., and C. M. McCay. 1953. The feed value of fresh bone. J. Nutr. 49:197. Wintrobe, M. M. 1967. Pp. 491-492 in Clinical Hematology. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger. Copper Frost, D. V., C. A. Elvehjem, and E. B. Hart. 1939. The role of iron, copper, and cobalt, in hemoglobin production in dogs on a milk diet. J. Biol. Chem. 128:xxxi. Keen, C. L., B. Lonnerdal, and G. L. Fisher. 1981. Age-related variations in hepatic iron, copper, zinc, and selenium concentrations in beagles. Am. J. Vet. Res. 42:1884. Linton, R. G. 1934. Canine nutrition. 12th Int. Vet. Congr. N.Y. 3:488. Ludwig, J., C. A. Owen, Jr., S. S. Barham, J. T. McCall, and R. M. Hardy. 1980. The liver in the inherited copper disease of Bedlington Terriers. Lab. Invest. 43:82. Tinedt, D. C., I. Sternlieb, and S. A. Gilberson. 1979. Clinical, morphological and chemical studies on copper toxicosis of Bedlington Terriers. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 175:269. Zinc Anderson, C., and K. D. Danylchuk. 1979. The effect of chronic excess zinc administration on Haversian Bone Remodelling System and its possible relationship to "Itai-Itai" disease. Environ. Res. 20:351. Baxter, D. J., R. D. Lindeman, L. R. Miller, and L. J. Greenfield. 1970. Radiozinc uptake into subcellular fractions in acute myocardial infarction (abstract). J. Lab. Clin. Med. 76:1032. Drinker, K. R., P. K. Thompson, and M. Marsh. 1927. An investigation of the effect of long-continued ingestion of zinc in the form of zinc oxide by cats and dogs, together with observations upon the excretion and the storage of zinc. Am. J. Physiol. 80:31. Fisher, G. L. 1977. Effects of disease on serum, copper and zinc values in the beagle. Am. J. Vet. Res. 38:935. Robertson, B. T., and M. J. Burns. 1963. Zinc metabolism and the zinc-deficiency syndrome in the dog. Am. J. Vet. Res. 24:997. Romsos, D. R., P. S. Belo, M. P. Bennink, W. G. Bergen, and G. A. Leveille. 1976. Effects of dietary carbohydrate, fat and protein on growth, body composition and blood metabolite levels in the dog. J. Nutr. 106:1452. Sanecki, R. K., J. E. Corbin, and R. M. Forbes. 1982. Tissue changes in dogs fed a zinc-deficient ration. Am. J. Vet. Res. 43:1642. Iodine Belshaw, F. E., T. B. Cooper, and D. V. Becker. 1975. The iodine requirement and influence of iodine intake on iodine metabolism and thyroid function in the adult beagle. Endocrinology 96:1280. Book, S. A. 1976. Influence of age on thyroidial 131I uptake in beagle pups. J. Anim. Sci. 26:443. Dammrich K. 1963. Berl. Micinch. Tierarzthicke Wochenschr. 73:53. MVP Reference and Data Library, F-3-71. Fritz, T. E., W. P. Norris, and N. D. Kretz. 1970. Influence of lymphocytic thyroiditis on iodine metabolism in the beagle. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 134:450. Marine, D., and C. H. Lenhart. 1909. Effect of the administration or the withholding of iodine-containing compounds in normal colloid on actively hyperplastic (parenchymatous) thyroids of dogs. Arch. Intern. Med. 4:253.

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Page 68 Norris, W. P., T. E. Fritz, and J. A. Taylor. 1970. Cycle of accommodation to restricted dietary iodide in the thyroid gland of the beagle dog. Am. J. Vet. Res. 31:21. Webster, R. H., E. F. Stohlman, and B. Highman. 1966. The toxicology of potassium and sodium iodate. III. Acute and subacute oral toxicology of potassium in dogs. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 8:185. Selenium Allaway, W. H. 1973. Selenium in the food chain. Cornell Vet. 63:151. Fuller, S. A. 1971. Use of selenium-tocopherol in clinical practice. Vet. Med. Small Anim. Clin. 66:202. Lannek, N., and P. L. Lindberg. 1975. Vitamin E and selenium deficiencies (VESD) of domestic animals. Adv. Vet. Sci. Comp. Med. 19:127. Manktelow, B. W. 1963. Myopathy of dogs resembling white muscle disease of sheep, N.Z. Vet. J. 11:52. National Research Council. 1983. Selenium in Nutrition. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Van Vleet,. J. F. 1975. Experimentally induced vitamin E-selenium deficiency in the growing dog. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 166:769. Van Vleet, J. F. 1980. Current knowledge of selenium-vitamin E deficiency in domestic animals. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 176:321. Fluorine Andreeva, V. S. 1959. Changes in calcium and organic and inorganic phosphorus in blood serum of puppies given sodium fluoride. Fiziol. Z. SSSR Secenova 43:1183. Nutr. Abstr. Rev. 29:1. Biester, H. E., D. A. Greenwood, and V. E. Nelson. 1936. Pathologic and physiologic studies on dogs receiving fluorine in doses comparable to those encountered in some water supplies. North Am. Vet. 17:38(1937). Nutr. Abstr. Rev. 7:2. Bunce, G. E., Y. Chiemchaisri, and P. H. Phillips. 1962. The mineral requirements of the dog. IV. Effect of certain dietary and physiological factors upon the magnesium deficiency syndrome. J. Nutr. 76:23. Chiemchaisri, Y., and P. H. Phillips. 1963. Effect of dietary fluoride upon the magnesium calcinosis syndrome. J. Nutr. 81:307. DeGubareff, N., and W. R. Platt. 1969. Influence of sodium flouride on healing of experimental fractures in rats, squirrel monkeys and dogs. Arch. Environ. Health 19:22. Henrikson, P., L. Lutwak, L. Krook, R. Skogerboe, F. Kallfelz, L. F. Bélanger, J. R. Marier, B. E. Sheffy, B. Romanus, and C. Hirsch. 1970. Fluoride and nutritional osteoporosis: Physicochemical data on bones from an experimental study in dogs. J. Nutr. 100:631. Krook, L. 1969. Metabolic bone diseases of endocrine origin. Pp. 524-584 in Ernst Joests Handbuch der speziellen pathologischen Anatomie der Haustiere. Vol I. Berlin and Hamburg: Paul Parey. Krook, L., L. Lutwak, P. Henrikson, F. Kallfelz, C. Hirsch, B. Romanus, L. F. Bélanger, J. R. Marier, and B. E. Sheffy. 1971. Reversibility of nutritional osteoporosis: Physicochemical data on bones from an experimental study in dogs. J. Nutr. 101:233. Vitamins Vitamin A Bradfield, D., and M. C. Smith. 1938. The ability of the dog to utilize vitamin A from plant and animal sources. Am. J. Physiol. 124:168. Cho, D. Y., R. A. Frey, M. M. Guffy, and H. W. Leipold. 1975. Hypervitaminosis A in the dog. Am. J. Vet. Res. 36:1597. Crimm, P. D., and D. M. Short. 1937. Vitamin A deficiency in the dog. Am. J. Physiol. 118:477. Frohring, W. O. 1935. Vitamin A requirements of growing puppies. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 33:280. Frohring, W. O. 1937. Vitamins and distemper. III. The symptoms of vitamin A deficiency. Vet. Med. 32:190. Hendricks, J. B., A. F. Morgan, and R. M. Freytag. 1947. Chronic moderate hypervitaminosis A in young dogs. Am. J. Physiol. 149:319. Ihrke, P. J., and M. H. Goldschmidt. 1983. Vitamin A-responsive dermatosis in the dog. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 182:687. Keane, K. W., F. I. Nakamura, and M. L. Morris. 1947. Vitamin A plasma levels of dogs. North Am. Vet. 28:587. Krause, R. F., and P. A. Brown. 1967. Effect of atherosclerosis and vitamin A on glucose tolerance in dogs. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 125:896. Maddock, C. L., S. B. Wolbach, and S. Maddock. 1949. Hypervitaminosis A in the dog. J. Nutr. 39:117. Martin, C. L. 1971. Effect of topical vitamin A, antibiotic, mineral oil, and subconjunctival corticosteroid on corneal epithelial wound healing in the dog. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 159:1392. Mellanby, E. 1938. The experimental production of deafness in young animals by diet. J. Physiol. 94:316. Mellanby, E. 1957. A Story of Nutritional Research. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins. Russell, W. C., and M. L. Morris. 1939. Vitamin A deficiency in the dog. I. Experimental production of the vitamin A deficient condition. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 95:316. Singh, M. M., G. K. Sinha, and B. N. Gupta. 1965. Corneal opacity in a dog. Indian Vet. J. 42:879. Steenbock, H., E. M. Nelson, and E. B. Hart. 1921. Fat soluble vitamins. IX. The incidence of an ophthalmic reaction in dogs fed a fat soluble vitamin deficient diet. Am. J. Physiol. 58:14. Stimson, A. M., and O. F. Hedley. 1933. Observations on vitamin A deficiency in dogs. U.S. Public Health Rep. 48:445. Turner, R. G. 1934. Effect of prolonged feeding of raw carrots on vitamin A content of liver and kidneys in the dog. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 31:866. Wakerlin, G. E., W. G. Moss, and E. L. Smith. 1942. Treatment of experimental renal hypertension with vitamin A. Science 96:161. Wiersig, D. O., and M. J. Swenson. 1967. Teratogenicity of vitamin A in the canine. Fed. Proc. 26:486. Vitamin D Arnold, A., and C. A. Elvehjem. 1939. Nutritional requirements of dogs. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 95:187. Brickman, A. S., C. R. Reddy, J. W. Coburn, E. P. Passaro, J. Jowsey, and A. W. Norman. 1973. Biologic action of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in the rachitic dog. Endocrinology 92:728. Campbell, J. R., and T. A. Douglas. 1965. The effect of low calcium intake and vitamin D supplements on bone structure in young growing dogs. Br. J. Nutr. 19:339. Canterbury, J. M., S. Lerman, A. J. Claflin, H. Henry, A. Norman, and E. Reiss. 1978. Inhibition of parathyroid hormone secretion by 25-hydroxycholecalciferol and 24,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol in the dog. J. Clin. Invest. 61:1375. Caywood, D. D., L. J. Wallace, W. G. Olson, and J. B. Stevens. 1979. Effects of 1 alpha, 25-dihydroxycholecalciferol on disuse osteoporosis in the dog: A histomorphometric study. Am. J. Vet. Res. 40:89. Fleischmann Laboratories. 1944. Amounts of supplementary vitamin D suggested for feeds for four-footed animals. Vitam. D Dig. 2:7.

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Page 69 Hendricks, J. B., A. F. Morgan, and R. M. Freytag. 1947. Chronic moderate hypervitaminosis D in young dogs. Am. J. Physiol. 149:319. Kelly, P. J. 1967. Bone remodeling in puppies with experimental rickets. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 70:95. Kozelka, F. L., E. B. Hart, and G. Bohstedt. 1933. Growth, reproduction, and lactation in the absence of the parathyroid glands. J. Biol. Chem. 100:715. Massry, S. G., S. Tuma, S. Dua, and D. A. Goldstein. 1979. Reversal of skeletal resistance to parathyroid hormone in uremia by vitamin D metabolites: Evidence for the requirement of 1,25(OH)2D3 and 24,25(OH)2D3. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 94:152. McCay, C. M. 1949. Nutrition of the Dog. Ithaca, N. Y.: Comstock. Mellanby, E. 1957. A Story of Nutritional Research. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins. Michaud, L., and C. A. Elvehjem. 1944. The nutritional requirements of the dog. North Am. Vet. 25:657. Midgett, R. J., A. M. Spielvogel, J. W. Coburn, and A. W. Norman. 1973. Studies on calciferol metabolism. VII. The renal production of the biologically active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol; species, tissue and subcellular distribution. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 36:1153. Morgan, A. F., and N. Shimotori. 1943. The absorption and retention by dogs of single massive doses of various forms of vitamin D. J. Biol. Chem. 147:189. Morgan, A. F., H. E. Axelrod, and M. Groody. 1947. The effect of a single massive dose of vitamin D2 on young dogs. Am. J. Physiol. 149:333. Mulligan, R. M., and F. L. Strickler. 1948. Metastatic calcification produced in dogs by hypervitaminosis D and haliphagia. Am. J. Pathol. 24:451. Oldham, S. B., S. A. Mitnick, and J. W. Coburn. 1980. Intestinal and parathyroid calcium-binding proteins in the dog. Comparison of biochemical properties and responses to vitamin D. J. Biol. Chem. 255:5789. Spangler, W. L., D. H. Gribble, and T. C. Lee. 1979. Vitamin D intoxication and the pathogenesis of vitamin D nephropathy in the dog. Am. J. Vet. Res. 40:73. Wheatley, V. R., and D. W. Sher. 1961. Studies of the lipids of dog skin. I. The chemical composition of dog skin lipids. J. Invest. Derm. 36:169. Vitamin E Anderson, H. D., C. A. Elvehjem, and J. E. Gonce, Jr. 1939. Vitamin E deficiency in dogs. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 42:750. Anderson, H. D., C. A. Elvehjem, and J. E. Gonce, Jr. 1940. A comparison of the nutritive values of raw, pasteurized and evaporated milks for the dog. J. Nutr. 20:433. Bieri, J. G., and R. P. Evarts. 1973. Tocopherols and fatty acids in American diets. J. Am. Dietet. Assoc. 62:147. Brinkhous, K. M., and E. D. Warner. 1941. Muscular dystrophy in biliary fistula dogs: Possible relationship to vitamin E deficiency. Am. J. Pathol. 17:81. Cordes, D. O., and A. H. Mosher. 1966. Brown pigmentation (lipofuscinosis) of canine intestinal muscularis. J. Pathol. Bacteriol. 92:197. Corrigan, J. J., Jr. 1979. Coagulation problems relating to vitamin E. Am. J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. 1:169. Elvehjem, C. A., J. E. Gonce, Jr., and G. W. Newell. 1944. The effect of vitamin E on reproduction in dogs on milk diets. J. Pediatr. 24:436. Harris, P. L., and N. D. Embree. 1963. Quantitative consideration of the effect of polyunsaturated fatty acid content of the diet upon the requirements for vitamin E. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 13:385. Hayes, K. C., and J. E. Rousseau. 1970. Dialuric acid hemolysis as an index of plasma tocopherol concentrations in the dog. Lab. Anim. Care 20:48. Hayes, K. C., S. W. Nielsen, and J. E. Rousseau, Jr. 1969. Vitamin E deficiency and fat stress in the dog. J. Nutr. 99:196. Hayes, K. C., J. E. Rousseau, Jr., and D. M. Hegsted. 1970. Plasma tocopherol concentrations and vitamin E deficiency in dogs. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 157:64. Langweiler, M., R. D. Schultz, and B. E. Sheffy. 1981. Effect of vitamin E deficiency on the proliferative response of canine lymphocytes. Am. J. Vet. Res. 42:1681. Riis, R. C., B. E. Sheffy, and E. Loew. 1981. Vitamin E deficiency retinopathy in dogs. Am. J. Vet. Res. 42:74. Schwarz, K., and C. M. Foltz. 1957. Selenium as an integral part of factor-3 against necrotic liver degeneration. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 79:3293. Tappel, A. L. 1980. Vitamin E and selenium protection from in vivo lipid peroxidation. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 355:18. Van Kruiningen, J. J. 1967. Granulomatous colitis of boxer dogs: Comparative aspects. Gastroenterology 53:114. Van Vleet, J. F. 1975. Experimentally induced vitamin E-selenium deficiency in the growing dog. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 166:769. Vitamin K Anderson, G. F., and M. I. Barnhart. 1964. Prothrombin synthesis in the dog. Am. J. Physiol. 206:929. Barnhart, M. I., G. F. Anderson, and M. H. Bernstein. 1964. Liver ultrastructure after coumarin and vitamin K1. Fed. Proc. 23:520. Bratt, H. M., H. M. Bratt, and E. Bratt. 1965. Suspected vitamin K deficiency in newborn pups. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 146:1053. Clark, W. T., and R. E. W. Halliwell. 1963. The treatment with vitamin K preparations of Warfarin poisoning in dogs. Vet. Rec. 75:1210. Duello, T. J., and J. T. Matschiner. 1971a. The relationship between the storage forms of vitamin K and dietary phylloquinone in the dog. Int. J. Vitam. Nutr. Res. 41:180. Duello, T. J., and J. T. Matschiner. 1971b. Characterization of vitamin K from pig liver and dog liver. Arch. Biochem. Biophs. 144:330. Jordan, R. D. 1979. Urticaria after vitamin K1 therapy. VM Sac 74:1105. Miller, D. R., and K. C. Hayes. 1982. Vitamin excess and toxicity. Pp. 81-133 in Nutritional Toxicology. J. H. Hathcock, ed. New York: Academic Press. Quick, A. J., C. V. Hussey, and G. E. Collentine, Jr. 1954. Vitamin K requirements of adult dogs and the influence of bile and its absorption from the intestine. Am. J. Physiol. 176:239. Quick, A. J., G. E. Collentine, Jr., and C. V. Hussey. 1962. Vitamin K requirements of the growing pup. J. Nutr. 77:28. Reber, E. F., and O. P. Malhotra. 1961. 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