Page 77

Index

A

adult maintenance requirements

amino acids, 9-12

biotin, 36

calcium, 17

carbohydrates, 8

choline, 37

energy, 2-4, 5

fat, 6

folacin, 35

iron, 19

metabolizable protein table, 45

minimum nutrients table, 44

niacin, 31, 32

pantothenic acid, 30, 31

phosphorus, 17

protein, 13-14

riboflavin, 29, 30

thiamin, 28

vitamin A, 22

vitamin B6, 33, 34

vitamin B12, 36

vitamin D, 24

vitamin E, 26

vitamin K, 26, 27

water, 39

adverse environmental conditions (see environmental influences)

amino acids

deficiency signs, 9, 10

dispensable, 13-14

feed composition table, 58-61

indispensable, 9-12

types needed, 9

apparent digestible energy (DE), 2

arachidonic acid, 6, 7

arginine, 9, 10

B

biotin, 35-36

C

calcium, 15-17, 18, 20, 24

canned dog foods, 42-43

carbohydrates, 2, 7-9

carotene conversion, 41

chlorine, 17

choline, 37

cobalt, 21

commercial dog foods (see dog foods)

copper, 19

crude protein (CP), 41

cystine, 11

D

deficiency signs

amino acids, 9, 10

biotin, 36

calcium, 17

carbohydrates, 8

chloride, 17

choline, 37

energy, 5

folacin, 35

iodine, 21

iron, 19

magnesium, 18

niacin, 33

pantothenic acid, 31

potassium, 17

protein, 9

riboflavin, 30

selenium, 21

sodium, 17

thiamin, 28-29

vitamin A, 22-23

vitamin B6, 34

vitamin B12, 36

vitamin C, 38

vitamin D, 24

vitamin E, 26

vitamin K, 27

zinc, 20

dog foods

formula example table, 62

minimum nutrient requirements table, 44

modification factor table, 45

types of, 42-43

(see also feed ingredients)

dry dog foods, 42, 43

E

energy

adult maintenance requirements, 2-4, 5

adult maintenance requirements table, 45

deficiency signs, 5

environmental factors and, 3, 5

growth requirements, 4, 5

measurement of, 2

reproduction and lactation requirements, 4-5

work performance and, 4-5

environmental influences

energy requirements and, 3, 5

water requirements and, 39



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 77
Page 77 Index A adult maintenance requirements amino acids, 9-12 biotin, 36 calcium, 17 carbohydrates, 8 choline, 37 energy, 2-4, 5 fat, 6 folacin, 35 iron, 19 metabolizable protein table, 45 minimum nutrients table, 44 niacin, 31, 32 pantothenic acid, 30, 31 phosphorus, 17 protein, 13-14 riboflavin, 29, 30 thiamin, 28 vitamin A, 22 vitamin B6, 33, 34 vitamin B12, 36 vitamin D, 24 vitamin E, 26 vitamin K, 26, 27 water, 39 adverse environmental conditions (see environmental influences) amino acids deficiency signs, 9, 10 dispensable, 13-14 feed composition table, 58-61 indispensable, 9-12 types needed, 9 apparent digestible energy (DE), 2 arachidonic acid, 6, 7 arginine, 9, 10 B biotin, 35-36 C calcium, 15-17, 18, 20, 24 canned dog foods, 42-43 carbohydrates, 2, 7-9 carotene conversion, 41 chlorine, 17 choline, 37 cobalt, 21 commercial dog foods (see dog foods) copper, 19 crude protein (CP), 41 cystine, 11 D deficiency signs amino acids, 9, 10 biotin, 36 calcium, 17 carbohydrates, 8 chloride, 17 choline, 37 energy, 5 folacin, 35 iodine, 21 iron, 19 magnesium, 18 niacin, 33 pantothenic acid, 31 potassium, 17 protein, 9 riboflavin, 30 selenium, 21 sodium, 17 thiamin, 28-29 vitamin A, 22-23 vitamin B6, 34 vitamin B12, 36 vitamin C, 38 vitamin D, 24 vitamin E, 26 vitamin K, 27 zinc, 20 dog foods formula example table, 62 minimum nutrient requirements table, 44 modification factor table, 45 types of, 42-43 (see also feed ingredients) dry dog foods, 42, 43 E energy adult maintenance requirements, 2-4, 5 adult maintenance requirements table, 45 deficiency signs, 5 environmental factors and, 3, 5 growth requirements, 4, 5 measurement of, 2 reproduction and lactation requirements, 4-5 work performance and, 4-5 environmental influences energy requirements and, 3, 5 water requirements and, 39

OCR for page 77
Page 78 essential fatty acids, 6, 7 ether extract (EE), 41 F fat deficiency signs, 7 description of, 5 energy values, 2, 5 essential fatty acids, 6, 7 feed composition table, 46-47 recommendations for, 6-7 requirements, 5-6 fatty acids feed composition table, 46-47 requirements, 6 feed classes, 40 feed ingredients amino acid composition table, 58-61 composition excluding amino acids table, 48-57 explanation of tables, 40-41 fat and fatty acids composition table, 46-47 weight-unit conversion factor table, 62 feed name descriptions, 40 feed numbers, 40-41 fiber, 8-9 fluorine, 21 folacin, 34-35 G glucose precursors, 7 gross energy (E), 2 growth requirements amino acids, 10-12 biotin, 35-36 calcium, 16, 17 carbohydrates, 7, 8 choline, 37 copper, 19 dog food minimum nutrients table, 44 energy, 4, 5 fat, 5-7 fluorine, 21 folacin, 35 iodine, 21 iron, 19 magnesium, 18 minimum nutrients table, 44 niacin, 31, 32 pantothenic acid, 30-31 phosphorus, 16, 17 potassium, 17 protein, 13 riboflavin, 29-30 selenium, 21 thiamin, 27, 29 vitamin A, 22, 23 vitamin B6, 33, 34 vitamin B12, 36 vitamin C, 37-38 vitamin D, 24, 25 vitamin E, 26 vitamin K, 26, 27 water, 39 zinc, 20 H histidine, 10 hypervitaminosis biotin, 36-37 choline, 37 folacin, 35 niacin, 33 pantothenic acid, 31 riboflavin, 30 thiamin, 39 vitamin A, 23 vitamin B6, 34 vitamin B12, 36-37 vitamin D, 25 vitamin E, 26 vitamin K, 27 I international feed classes, 40 international feed numbers (IFN), 40-41 international nomenclature, 40 iodine, 20-21 iron, 18-19 isoleucine, 10-11 L lactation (see reproduction and lactation requirements) lactose, 8 leucine, 10-11 linoleic acid, 6, 7 a-inolenate [C18:3 (n-3)], 6 lysine, 11 M magnesium, 17-18 manganese, 20 metabolizable energy adult maintenance requirements, 3 fat, 5, 6 measurement of, 2, 41 requirements table, 45 methionine, 11-12 minerals calcium, 15-17, 18, 20, 24 copper, 19 fluorine, 21 iodine, 20-21 iron, 18-19 magnesium, 17-18 manganese, 20 phosphorus, 15-17, 18, 24 potassium, 17 requirement determination, 14-15 selenium, 21 sodium, 17 trace elements, 21-22 zinc, 20 minimum nutrient requirements table, 44 muscular effort (see work performance requirements) N niacin, 31-33 nicotinamide, 31, 33 nicotinic acid, 31-33 nitrogen balance, 9-14 nitrogen-free extract (NFE), 2, 41 nutrient requirements modification factor table, 44 revision overview, 1 table of, 44 O oleic acid [C18:1 (n-9), 6 P pantothenic acid, 30-31 phenylalanine, 12 phosphorus, 15-17, 18, 24 phytates, 15 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), 6, 25, 26 potassium, 17 pregnancy (see reproduction and lactation requirements) protein adult maintenance requirements, 13-14 amino acid requirements, 9-14 deficiency signs, 9 description, 9 digestibility, 12 energy values, 2 growth requirements, 13 metabolizable, requirements table, 45 modification factors, 9

OCR for page 77
Page 79 R reproduction and lactation requirements carbohydrates, 7-8 energy, 4-5 fat, 5-6 niacin, 32 pantothenic acid, 31 potassium, 17 protein, 14 riboflavin, 30 thiamin, 28 vitamin A, 23 vitamin B12, 36 vitamin E, 26 water, 39 zinc, 20 riboflavin, 29-30 S saturated fatty acids, 6 selenium, 21 semimoist dog foods, 42 sodium, 17 starch, 8 sucrose, 8 sulfur amino acids, 11-12 T thiamin, 27-29 threonine, 12 tocopherols, 25-26 toxicity copper, 19 iodine, 21 iron, 19 (see also hypervitaminosis) trace elements, 21-22 trans fatty acids, 6 tryptophan, 13, 32-33 tyrosine, 12 V valine, 10-11 vitamins A, 22-23, 41 B6, 33-34 B12, 21, 36-37 biotin, 35-36 C, 37-38 choline, 37 D, 15, 23-25 E, 21, 25-26 folacin, 34-35 K, 26-27 niacin, 31-33 pantothenic acid, 30-31 requirement determination, 22 riboflavin, 29-30 thiamin, 27-29 W water, 39 weight equivalents table, 62 weight-unit conversion factor table, 62 work performance requirements energy, 4-5 fat, 6 protein, 14 vitamins, 22 water, 39 Z zinc, 20

OCR for page 77

OCR for page 77
Page 81 Other Titles in the Series Nutrient Requirements of Sheep, 5th Rev. Ed., 1975 0-309-02212-6 Nutrient Requirements of Rabbits, 2nd Rev. Ed., 1977 0-309-02607-5 Nutrient Requirements of Cats, Rev. Ed., 1978 0-309-02743-8 Nutrient Requirements of Horses, 4th Rev. Ed., 1978 0-309-02760-8 Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle, 5th Rev. Ed., 1978 0-309-02749-7 Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates, 1978 0-309-02786-1 Nutrient Requirements of Laboratory Animals, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1978 0-309-02767-5 Nutrient Requirements of Swine, 8th Rev. Ed., 1979 0-309-02870-1 Nutrient Requirements of Goats, 1981 0-309-03185-0 Nutrient Requirements of Coldwater Fishes, 1981 0-309-03187-7 Nutrient Requirements of Mink and Foxes, Rev. Ed., 1982 0-309-03325-X Nutrient Requirements of Warmwater Fishes and Shellfishes, Rev. Ed., 1983 0-309-03428-0 Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle, 6th Rev. Ed., 1984 0-309-03447-7 Nutrient Requirements of Poultry, 8th Rev. Ed., 1984 0-309-03486-8