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Appendix BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS John D. Venables, the committee chairman, received his B.S. degree in physics from Case Institute of Technology and his Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Warwick, Englancl, in 1971. He currently holds the position of Corporate Scientist at Martin Marietta Laboratories and is responsible~for long-range R&D planning and technical interactions between the laboratories and the corporation's operating divisions. Much of his prior work has been concerned with structure-property relationships in high-temperature materials, including transition metal carbides and ceramics. Jack.H. Wernick, vicechairman of the committee, received his B.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Minnesota and Pennsylvania State University respectively. He conducted research at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, taught metallurgy at Penn State for 5 years, and then joined Bell Labs in 1954, where he rose to managerial research positions that included head of the Solid State Chemical Research Department and head of the Device Materials Research Department. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1979. Since divestiture of the operating telephone companies from AT&T, he has managed Materials Science Research for Bell Communications Research, Inc. John C. Angus, a chemical engineer, received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees at the University of Michigan. Since 1963 he has been at Case Western Reserve University and became professor there in 1970. His research on low-pressure growth of diamond dates back to 1965. Peter M. Bell is Vice President for Corporate Technology at Norton Company in Worcester, Massachusetts, and is associated with the Geophysical Laboratory in Washington, D.C. He began his scientific career as solid state physicist at the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory after receiving his B.S. degree at St. Lawrence University, his M.S. at the University of Cincinnati, and A.M. and Ph.D. degrees at Harvard University. Since then he has been at the Geophysical Laboratory, with occasional periods of teaching at Harvard, Johns Hopkins, SUNY, and the California Institute of Technology. Jerome J. Cuomo received his B.S. degree from Manhattan College and his M.S. degree from St. Johns University in physical chemistry. He later attained a Ph.D. in physics from Odense University in Denmark. He is currently manager of the Materials Laboratory in Central Scientific Services at the IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, where for the past 25 years he has been working in the science and technology of materials and materials processing. In particular, 97

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98 he has developed ion beam processing for material deposition, modification, and synthesis. He has also been recognized for his work in magnetic semiconductor and superconducting materials. Robert C. DeVries' background in mineralogy (the field in which he received his Ph.D. from Pennsylvania State University) led to work at General Electric R&D Center on phase equilibria at high temperatures and pressures. He worked on high-pressure, high-temperature synthesis of diamond and cubic BN for more than 20 years and on CVD diamond for more than 2 years before retiring after 34 years at G.E. He taught at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute from 1961 to 1965. In 1981 his position at the R&D Center was designated as a Coolidge Fellow. Albert Feldman received degrees in physics from City College of New York (B.S.) and the University of Chicago (M.S. and Ph.D.~. He has been conducting research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (formerly the National Bureau of Standards) over the past 22 years principally in the area of optical materials research. He is currently leader of the Optical Materials Group. Michael W. Gels received his degrees from Rice University and stayed on for post-graduate work. For the past 10 years he has been at Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Lincoin Laboratories. He has worked on thin-film silicon, on submicrometer technology, and on diamond' device development. David S. Hoover was educated at Juniata College (B.S.) and Pennsylvania State University, where he obtained his Ph.D. degree in earth and mineral sciences. He has been employed by Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., since 1980, currently as manager for inorganic materials. His expertise is in carbon and carbon-containing materials and composites. Russell Messier teaches and conducts research at the Pennsylvania State University, where he received his doctorate in 1973e His B.S. was from Northeastern University, and his industrial experience was with GTE Sylvania. His membership in IEEE, American Vacuum Society, and MRS reflect his interests in thin-film preparation and characterization (including diamond) by high-frequency sputtering.