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Appendix G Annotated Chronological List of Ec/ucational Efforts on TEDs for Fishermen by the National Marine Fisheries Service 1977 1980 Joint meetings held among shrimp industry, environmental community, and NMFS representatives to find way to keep turtles from drowning that would not hurt the shrimp industry. Scoping meetings in Atlanta and Richmond Hill, Georgia-October (USDOC/NMFS 19831. Identified broad range of issues to be consid- ered in formulation of actions designed to reduce incidental catch of turtles in commercial shrimp fishery. Voluntary TED program. Technology Transfer Program (Oravetz, 1983a) September Charleston, South Carolina-TED data presented to shrimp industry and environmental community October Emergency resuscitation regulations Compiled by Nancy Balcom and William DuPaul, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, and College of William and Mary. 218

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219 Appends G 1981 TED workshops (pers. comm., C. Oravetz) April 2 April 7 April 8 March August 1981-1982 1982 Brunswick, Georgia, for Sea Grant agents and GA DNR Charleston, South Carolina, for Sea Grant agents and South Carolina Wildlife and Marine Resources Department Manteo, North Carolina, for Sea Grant agents (Coastwatch, 1981) Technology Transfer Program (Oravetz, 1983a) Through April- Sea Grant workshops for Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina providing information packet, videotape of TEDs, fisherman contacts Through October TED demonstration contract; TEDs demonstrated to 196 fishermen in 13 ports in South Carolina, Georgia, Florida (7-8 TED users resulted) 100 TEDs built and distributed to fishermen in South Atlantic states. TED workshops (pers. comm., C. Oravetz, NMFS, 1983) September 30 St. Augustine, Florida, for Sea Grant agents and MAP Coordinators Technology Transfer Program (Oravetz, 1983a) May TED committee formed between shrimp industry, environmental groups, Sea Grant and NMFS to assist and monitor progress June TED booth at Southeastern Fisheries Association convention (NMFS, 19831; TED displayed and information provided to potential users NMFS TED construction: 96 additional TEDs distributed with webbing

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220 Decline of the Sea Turtles NMFS '1't;19 Technology Transfer Program (pers. comm., C. Oravetz, 1982) October North Carolina Commercial Fisheries Show Three TED displays at North Carolina Marine Resource Centers TED on display at Cape Canaveral Marine and Equipment Supply Shop February Dayton "Coastal Living" mall exhibit April Miami-commercial boat show July Costa Rica poster session at WATS symposium December Helen, Georgia, SG/NMFS Retreat 1983 TED workshops (pers. comm., C. Oravetz; Oravetz, 1983a) March April 13 Louisiana for Sea Grant agents Pascagoula, Mississippi for Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant agents TED Technology Transfer Program (pers. comm., C. Oravetz, 1982) Direct contacts: Personal visits to Florida fishermen Oct-Nov Personal visits by North Carolina Marine Advisory agent Phone and letter surveys of TED users Personal letter responses to inquiries Letters to net shops Technical assistance: TED slides to Florida Department of Natural Resources Distribution of DESCO TEDs Lists of TED users to Sea Grant agents Television: Talk show with slides (Orlando) Taped educational TV program Lorne Green's wilderness show January Workshop for Louisiana Marine Advisory agents SAMFC Louisiana Shrimpers Assoc. Annual Convention

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221 . Appends G Concerned Shrimpers of Louisiana asked NMFS to present a pro- gram on development and use of TEDs at annual convention April June July Workshop for Mississippi/Alabama Marine Advisory agents Charleston, South Carolina- sea turtle research workshop Survey results of 80 TED recipients (30 responses) (Oravetz, 1983a) WATS symposium in Costa Rica Bryan Fishermen's Cooperative, Inc. (Georgia) arranged TED demonstra- tions aboard member vessels NMFS and SAFDF contracted with DESCO marine to build 200 TEDs for distribution to commercial fishermen (NMFS, 1983; Oravetz, 1983b) Florida: 60 Georgia: 44 North Carolina: 25 South Carolina: 42 Louisiana: 4 Texas: 2 1984 1985 TED workshops (pers. comm., C. Oravetz) January Mobile, Alabama, for Sea Grant agents and fishermen September Pascagoula, Mississippi, demonstration for 11 Sea Grant agents, 6 net-shop owners and fishermen, and 6 NMFS personnel TED Technology Transfer Program (pers. comm., C. Oravetz, 1982) January Two workshops for fishermen in Alabama TED workshops (pers. comm., C. Oravetz) October Charleston, South Carolina, for South Carolina Wildlife and Marine Resources Department

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222 Decline of the Sea Turtles 1986 1987 1988 TED workshops (pers. comm., C. Oravetz) April Gainesville, Florida, for Sea Grant agents Public hearings on proposed regulations requiring fishermen to use TEDs March Key West; Cape Canaveral; Brunswick; Morehead City; Galveston; Cameron, Louisiana; Corpus Christi; Houma, Louisiana; Kenner, Louisiana; Port Isabel, Texas; Bayou La Batre, Alabama (Wallace and Hosking, 1987a); Charleston, Washington, D.C. (Cottingham and Oravetz, 1987; Little, 1987; NMFS, 1987) Compared two standard nets with one Georgia jumper and one Morrison soft TED on fisherman's boat (4 drags, 2 nights) (Little, 1987) Series of mediation meetings held between environmental groups, shrimp associations, and NMFS (Cottingham and Oravetz, 1987; Lit- tle, 1987; NMFS, 1987) October New Orleans October Through November Jekyll Island, Georgia November Washington, D.C. December Houston July TED Evaluation Program continued: two trips in Louisiana, one trip in Florida (to date, 50 trips com pleted over years with 65 observer days in Geor gia/South Carolina, 24 in Key West, 24 in E. Florida, 43 in W. Florida, 126 in Texas, and 115 in Louisiana) (NMFS, 1989) Personal letter: About 21 NMFS employees have spent their careers working with TEDs or educating the public about sea turtle conser- vation; 3 full-time TED gear specialists at Pascagoula Lab employed

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223 Appends G specifically to help fishermen and net shops build and use TEDs; 4 additional gear people at Pascagoula have conducted the at-sea TED demonstrations and have given many presentations over the years; NMFS has cooperated on a regular basis with fishing industry associ- ations, SG, state and environmental groups; NMFS relies heavily on SG for role in TED Technology Transfer - distribution, experimenta- tion, training, information dissemination; provided 300-400 free TEDs to individual fishermen over years to test and use, have slide programs, videotapes, brochures, instructional materials available on TEDs and sea turtle conservation; conducted countless workshops and demonstrations for shrimp fishermen, SG agents, state and uni- versity personnel, reporters, commercial fisheries association meet- ings and conventions, on docks and on decks of vessels (pers. comm., C. Oravetz, 19891.