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References Alber, Jens 1981 Modernization, democratization and the development of welfare states in Western Europe. Pp.37-80 in Peter Flora and Arnold J. Heidenheimer teds.), The Development of Welfare States in Europe and America. New Brunswick, N.J., and London: Transaction Books. Alpert, William, and M. Ozawa 1986 Fringe benefits in nonmanufacturing industries: How they vary. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology (April): 189-200. Ambry, M. 1988 At home in the office. American Demographics 10:30-33, 61. American Society for Personnel Administrators 1988 Employers and Child Care: The Human Resource Professional's View. Alexandria, Va.: American Society for Personnel Administrators. Andrews, Emily S. 1988 An Overview of the Employee Benefit System. Paper presented to the National Research Council Panel on Employer Policies and Working Families, Committee on Women's Employment and Related Social Is sues (November 11~. Washington, D.C.: Employee Benefit Research Institute. Arrow, Kenneth. 1973 The theory of discrimination. In Orley Ashenfelter and Albert Rees teds.), Discrimination in Labor Markets. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Auerbach, Judith D. 1988 In the Business of Child Care: Employer Initiatives and Working Women. New York: Praeger. Axel, Helen 1985 Corporations and Families: Changing Practices and Perspectives. Re- port No. 868. New York: The Conference Board. 202

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REFERENCES Baca-Zinn, Maxine 1989 Family, race and poverty in the eighties. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 14~2~:856-874. Baca-Zinn, Maxine, and D. Stanley Eitzen 1990 Diversity in Families, Second Edition. New York: Harper & Row. Bailyn, Lotte 203 1970 Career and family orientation of husbands and wives in relation to marital happiness. Human Relations 23 :97- 113. 1988 Freeing work from the constraints of location and time. New Technol ogy,WorkandEmployment 3~21:143-152. 1989 Toward the perfect workplace? Communications of the ACM 32~4~:460 471. Barnes, Roberta Ott, and Linda D. Giannarelli 1988 The Distribution Effects of Alternative Child Care Proposals. Paper presented at the 10th Annual Meeting of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, Seattle, Wash. (October 17-191. Wash- ington, D.C.: The Urban Institute. Barney, J.L. 1977 The prerogative of choice in long-term care. The Gerontologist 23:300- 306. Bartlett, R.L., and C. Callahan 1984 Wage determination and marital status: Another look. Industrial Rela- tions 23:90-96. Baruch, Grace C., Lois Beiner, and Rosalind C. Barnett 1987 Women and gender in research on work and family stress. American Psychologist 42: 130- 136. Bean, Frank D., and Marta Tienda 1988 The Hispanic Population of the United States. Sage Foundation. Becker, Gary S. 1985 The allocation of effort, specific human capital, and differences be- tween men and women in earnings and occupations. Journal of Labor Economics 31/Part 21:S33-S58. Belous, Richard S. 1989 The Contingent Economy: The Growth of the Temporary, Part-Time and Contingent WorIfforce. Washington, D.C. National Planning Asso- ciation. New York: Russell Belsky, Jay 1988 A reassessment of infant day care. Pp. 100-119 in Edward F. Zigler and Meryl Frank teds.), The Parental Leave Crisis: Toward a National Policy. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press. Bergmann, Barbara R. 1976 Reducing the pervasiveness of discrimination. In Eli Ginzberg (ed.), Jobs for Americans. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. Berkeley Planning Associates 1988 Small Business Options for Child Care. Final Report to the Small Business Administration. Contract No. SBA-2056-AER-87 (March 201.

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204 WORK AND FAMILY: POLICIES FOR A CHANGING WORK FORCE Berkowitz, Edward D. 1979 The American disability system in historical perspective. Pp. 16-74 in Edward D. Berkowitz (ed.), Disability Policies and Government Pro- grams. New York: Praeger. Berman, Melissa A. 1987 What do women get? Across the Board (March). (Published by The Conference Board). Besharov, D., and P. Tramontozzi 1988 The Costs of Federal Child Care Assistance. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute for Policy Research. Bielby, Denise D., and William T. Bielby 1985 She works hard for the money: Household responsibilities and alloca- tion of effort. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Statistical Association. Blank, H., and A. Wilkins 1985 Child Care: Whose Priority? A State Child Care Fact Book. Washing- ton, D.C.: Children's Defense Fund. Blank, H., A. Wilkins, and M. Crawley 1987 State Child Care Fact Book1987. Washington,D.C.: Children'sDe- fense Fund. Blank, Rebecca M. 1989 Part-time and temporary work. Pp. 1519-1558 in Investing in People: A Strategy to Address America's Work~force Crisis. Commission on Workforce Quality and Labor Market Efficiency, U.S. Department of Labor. Wash- ington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Blau, David M., and Philip K. Robins 1986 Fertility, Employment and Child Care Costs: A Dynamic Analysis. Paper presented at the meeting of the Population Association of America, San Francisco, Calif. Blau, Francine D., and Marianne A. Ferber 1986 The Economics of Women, Men, and Work. Prentice-Hall. 1987 Discrimination: Empirical evidence from the United States. American Economic Review 77~2~:316-320. Bloom-Feshbach, Sally, Jonathan Bloom-Feshbach, and Kirby A. Helter 1982 Work, family and children: Perceptions of the world. Pp. 268-308 in Sheila B. Kameman and Cheryl D. Hayes (eds.), Families That Work: Children in a Changing World. Panel on Work, Family, and Commu nity, Committee on Child Deveopment Research and Public Policy, Com mission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Blostin, Allan P., Thomas P. Burke, and Lora M. Lovejoy 1988 Disability and insurance plans in the public and private sectors. Monthly Labor Review 111~121:9-17. Blum, Terri C., and Paul Roman 1989 Employee assistance programs and human resources management. In K. Rowland and G. Ferris teds.), Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management 7:259-312. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.:

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206 WORK AND FAMILY: POLICIES FOR A CHANGING WORK FORCE in Corporations. Boston, Mass.: Boston University School of Social Work. Bureau of the Census 1983 Geographic Mobility of Labor, March 1980 to March 1981. Current Population Reports, Series P-20, No. 377. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1986 Earnings in 1983 of Married Couple Families by Characteristics of Husband and Wife. Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No. 153 (March). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1987 Who's Minding the Kids. Child Care Arrangements: Winter 1984-85, Data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation. Current Population Reports, Series P-70, No. 9. Washington, D.C.: U.S. De partment of Commerce. 1989a Fertility of American Women: June 1988. Current Population Reports, Series P-20, No.436. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1989b Money Income and Poverty Status in the United States, 1988. Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No. 166. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1989c Money Income of Households, Families, and Persons in the United States, 1987. Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No. 162. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1989d Population Profile of the United States. Current Population Reports, Series P-23, No. 159. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Com merce. 1989e Poverty in the United States, 1987. Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No. 163. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1989f Statistical Abstract of the United States, 109th Edition. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1990a Money Income and Poverty Status in the United States, 1989. Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No. 168. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1990b Statistical Abstract of the United States, 110th Edition. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Bureau of Labor Statistics 1983 Monthly Labor Review 106~11). 1985a Employee Benefits in Medium and Large Firms, 1984. Bulletin 2237 (June). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor. 1985b Employment, Hours and Earnings of the United States, 1909-1984, Volume 2. Bulletin 1312-12 (March). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Depart ment of Labor. 1987 Employee Benefits in Medium and Large Firms, 1986. Bulletin 2281 (June). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor. 1988a BLS Reports on Employer Child Care Practices. News Release 88-7 (January 15~. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor. 1988b Employee Benefits in State and Local Governments, 1987. Bulletin 2309 (May). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1988c Employment and Earnings (August), Washington, D.C.: U.S. Govern ment Printing Office.

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