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APPENDIX A Background Materials PAPERS In the course of its study, the panel commissioned papers on a number of topics: the prevalence and consequences of caring for elderly people; work, stress, and well-being among black, Mexican American, and white families; the implications of low-wage work for family well-being; an overview of employee benefits supportive of families; a state survey of employers on parental leave; the role of collective bargaining for work and family issues; the role of men's participation in family-supportive policies; an interna- tional comparison of the social welfare policy of the firm and the state; and case studies on the implementation of flexible time and leave policies in Sweden and Germany. The papers listed below are available from the Women's Bureau, U.S. Department of Labor. Family Perspectives Work, Stress, and Well-Being Among Black, Mexican American, and White Families James S. Jackson and Toni C. Antonucci Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan Caring for the Elderly: Prevalence and Consequences Sara A. McLanahan and Renee Monson Department of Sociology, University of Wisconsin 233

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234 APPENDIX A Who Needs a Family Wage? The Implications of Low-Wage Work for Family Well-Being Roberta M. Spalter-Roth, Heidi I. Hartmann, and Linda Andrews Institute for Women's Policy Research, Washington, D.C. Employer and Union Initiatives Work, Family, and Collective Bargaining Alice H. Cook School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University An Overview of Employee Benefits Supportive of Families Nancy C. Saltford Fmnlovee Benefit Research Institute. Washington, D.C. ----I-- Ramona K. Z. Heck Department of Consumer Economics, Cornell University Family-Supportive Employer Policies and Men's Participation Joseph H. Pleck Department of Psychology, Wheaton College Parental Leave: Issues and Findings from a Connecticut Survey of Employers Eileen Trczinski Bush Center, Yale University, and Department of Consumer Economics, Cornell University International Comparisons The Implementation of Flexible Time and Leave Policies: Observations from European Employers Ellen Galinsky Bank Street College The Social Policy of the Firm and the State Martin Rein Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

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BACKGROUND MATERIALS 235 EXPERTS IN RELATED AREAS The panel met with the following experts in the course of its five meet ings and at a 2-day workshop on March 20-21, 1989. Emily Andrews, Research Director, Employee Benefit Research Institute, Washington, D.C. Helen Axel, Director, Work and Family Information Center, The Conference Board, New York Doug Besharov, American Enterprise Institute, Washington, D.C. Joanne Browne, Service Employees International Union, Washington, D.C. May Chen, International Ladies Garment Workers Union, New York Michael Creedon, Director of Corporate Programs, National Council on Aging Margaret Doolin, Governor's Office of Employee Relations, New York State Jeri Eckhart, Associate Deputy Secretary, U.S. Department of Labor Jill Emery, Deputy Director, Women's Bureau, U.S. Department of Labor Lela Foreman, Communications Workers of America, Washington, D.C. Dana Friedman, Work and Family Information Center, The Conference Board, New York Nancy Gordon, Assistant Director, Human Resources and Community Development, Congressional Budget Office Sandra Hofferth, Demographic and Behavioral Science Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Karen Ignoni, Associate Director, Department of Occupational Health, Safety and Security, AFL-CIO, Washington, D.C. Sheila Kamerman, School of Social Work, Columbia University Richard Kleinert, Mercer, Meidinger, Hansen, Cleveland, Ohio Alan Kraut, Department of Personnel Research, IBM Corporation Barbara Leonard, Director of Children's Programs, General Services Administration, Washington, D.C. Michelle Lord, Director, Congressional Caucus for Women's Issues Georgina Lucas, Vice President, The Traveler's Companies, Hartford, Connecticut Janet Norwood, Director, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor Harriett Presser, Department of Sociology, University of Maryland Rhona Rapaport, Institute of Family and Environmental Research, London Peter Reinecke, Research Director, Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care, Committee on Aging, U.S. Congress Fran Rodgers, Co-president, Work/Family Directions, Watertown, Massachusetts

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236 Ann Rosewater, Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families, U.S. Congress Christine Russell, U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Washington, D.C. Isabel Sawhill, The Urban Institute, Washington, D.C. Howard Shafer, Vice President, Public Employees Federation, New York State Margaret Simms, Joint Center for Political Studies, Washington, D.C. Joy Simonsen, Employment and Housing Subcommittee, House Govern- ment Operations Committee, U.S. Congress Frank Swain, Chief Counsel for Advocacy, U.S. Small Business Administration Robyn Stone, Research Fellow, National Center for Health Services Research Virginia Thomas, Manager, Employee Relations, U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Washington, D.C. Martha Zaslow, Research Associate, Panel on Child Care Policy, Committee on Child Development Research and Public Policy, National Research Council APPENDIX A