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APPENDIX CBiographical Sketches LA RUE ALLEN is associate professor in the University of Maryland's clinical/community psychology program. She is on the editorial boards of the American Journal of Community Psychology and the Journal of Child Clinical Psychology. Her main research foci are on risk factors in adoles- cent development, the influence of gender and ethnicity on socioemotional development in children and youth, and humor responsiveness as a measure of adaptive behavior. She received a B.A. from Harvard University and a Ph.D. in 1980 from Yale University. MAXINE BACA-ZINN is professor and senior associate in the Depart- ment of Sociology at Michigan State University. She is a former president of the Western Social Science Association; currently, she serves on the Committee for Public Policy Research on Contemporary Hispanic Issues of the Inter-University Program for Latino Research and the Social Science Research Council and on the board of directors of the Society for the Study of Social Problems. Her research has centered on family life among racial ethnics and on gender within minority communities. She has a B.A. from California State University at Long Beach, an M.A. from the University of New Mexico, and a Ph.D. from the University of Oregon, all in sociology. LOTTE BAILYN is professor of organizational psychology and man- agement at Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Tech- nology, where she has taught for more than 20 years. Her work has empha- sized the intersection of people's lives and careers with the policies and practices of the organizations in which they are employed: one focus has concerned the lives of technically trained people; and the management of 243

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244 APPENDIX C careers in research and development laboratories. Others are on male and female engineers, telecommuting, and organizational responses to employ- ees' family concerns. She is the author of Living with Technology: Issues at Mid-Career and numerous journal articles. She has a Ph.D. in social psychology from Harvard University. SUSAN BIANCHI-SAND is president of the Association of Flight At- tendants (AFA), AFL-CIO, the largest flight attendant union in the world, representing 3O,000 flight attendants on 18 airlines. She was elected to a variety of local union positions and as national vice president of AFA be- fore being elected president in 1986. She is one of two women interna- tional union presidents and is one of three women on the 33-member AFL-CIO Executive Council, the highest governing body of the labor fed- eration. She currently serves on the board of directors of the A. Philip Randolph Institute. She received a B.A. from the University of Maryland. JUNE H. BROWN is associate professor and associate dean at the School of Social Work, University of Southern California (USC). Her scholarly interests are the history and evolution of American social welfare, with specializations in twentieth century reform and contemporary issues in family and child welfare. She served as chair of the faculty group that developed USC's curriculum for the specialization in social work practice with families and children. In addition to membership in the National As- sociation of Black Social Workers, the National Association of Social Workers, and the Council on Social Work Education, she currently serves as a member of the editorial board of Child Welfare, the journal of the Child Welfare League of America. She has a B.A. from the University of California at Los Angeles and master's and doctorate degrees in social work from USC. RICHARD V. BURKHAUSER is professor of economics and senior research associate at the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University. lIe is coeditor of the Journal of Human Resources and is on the editorial boards of The Gerontologist, The Journal of Geron- tology, and The Review of Income and Wealth. He has published widely on the behavioral and income distribution effects of government policy toward older workers and is coauthor of Passing the Torch: The Influence of Eco- nomic Incentives on Work and Retirement. He received a Ph.D. in econom- ics from the University of Chicago. THOMAS G. CODY is a partner in the career transition firm of Jannotta/ Bray, deRecat & Maguire Associates, Inc. Prior to that he was a corporate officer and director of corporate human resources of Baxter International,

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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 245 Inc., a $7.5 billion health care company; executive director of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; and assistant secretary for adminis- tration at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. He currently serves on a number of corporate and nonprofit boards, has pub- lished two books, and is preparing a manuscript on the history of the U.S. health care industry. He received an M.B.A. from Harvard University. PAULA S. ENGLAND is professor of sociology at the University of Arizona. Her research and teaching are concerned with occupational sex segregation, the sex gap in pay, and the changing roles of women and men. She is coauthor (with George Parkas) of Households, Employment, and Gender and author of numerous journal articles in the fields of sociology, women's studies, and economics. She received an M.A. and a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Chicago. MARIANNE A. FERBER is professor of economics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and was previously director of women's studies. She is former president of the Midwest Economic Association, was chair of the American Statistical Association's Committee on Women in Statistics, and is a member of the American Economic Association's Com- mittee on Economic Education and Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession. Within the broad field of the economic status of women, she has focused particularly on the standing of women in aca- demia, the family as an economic unit, and international comparisons in the position of women. Born in Czechoslovakia, she obtained a B.A. degree from McMaster University in Canada and an M.A. and a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. JAMES N. MORGAN is an emeritus research scientist at the Institute for Social Research and emeritus professor of economics at the University of Michigan. He has conducted national survey research studies on the affluent, the poor, retirement, and productive activities. He was the first director of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, a national longitudal study that is still continuing. He is a member of the National Academy of Sci- ences and a fellow of the American Statistical Association, the American Academy for the Advancement of Science, and the Gerontological Society of America. He has served on advisory boards to the U.S. census, the Social Security Administration, the Social Science Research Council, and the Consumers Union. He received a Ph. D. in economics from Harvard University. BRIGID O'FARRELL is study director of the Committee on Women's Employment and Related Social Issues and the Panel on Employer Pol

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246 APPENDIX C icies and Working Families, at the National Research Council. Her re- search has focused on the implementation of child care, educational equity, and equal employment opportunity policy, particularly for women in blue- collar and clerical occupations. She holds an Ed.M. in social policy from Harvard University. PAUL M. ROMAN is professor of sociology and director of the Center for Research on Deviance and Behavioral Health in the Institute for Behav- ioral Research at the University of Georgia. Previously he served on the faculties of the departments of sociology and epidemiology at Tulane Uni- versity. He has played a central role with government, professional asso- ciations, and private sector organizations in the design and international diffusion of employee assistance programs (EAPs). His research program has most recently focused on social interactions in the workplace that pre- cede EAP referrals, the organizational design of privately based substance abuse treatment, and the design of human resource interventions to deal with emergent social problems that impact the workplace. He received a B.S. in rural sociology and a Ph.D. in organizational behavior, both from Cornell University. WENDY W. WILLIAMS is associate dean of the Georgetown Univer- sity Law Center. Previously she was a visiting professor at the law schools of the University of California at Berkeley and Harvard University; an at- torney with Equal Rights Advocates, Inc., a nonprofit, public interest law firm in San Francisco that she cofounded in 1974; clinical instructor at Stanford Law School; and a partner at Davis, Dunlap & Williams, a San Francisco law firm specializing in sex discrimination litigation. She has published numerous works focusing on sex discrimination in the work- place and is presently working on a casebook entitled Sex Discrimination: Causes and Remedies. She received an A.B., an M.A. in English literature, and a J.D. from the University of California at Berkeley.