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Index A Academics, role of, see Doctoral degrees; Education; Universities Accounting systems, 48 Aesthetics general, 2, 15, 36, 40 41, 45, 67 landscape, 2, 26, 3~35, 36, 5~53, 65 Agricultural Research Service, 17, 52 Agriculture forestry versus, 15-16, 38, 50, 56, 57 research funding, 3, S. 17, 52, 58 see also Department of Agriculture Aircraft, 45 Air pollution, 10, 35, 66 Atmospheric sciences, 24, 35, 36 see also Climate and weather Automation, 69 Awards and prizes, 7, 43 fellowships, 4, 54 B Biological factors, 1, 2, 15, 2021, 27, 2~33, 52, 56, 57, 63-64 diversity, 1, 2, 9, 15, 35-36, 53, 58, 66~7 funding of, 6, 17 molecular, 24, 26, 27, 29-31, 55, 63, 64 79 pest control, 29, 3~33 physiological, 10, 28-29, 63-64 private sector research, 5 virology, 32-33 see also Ecology; Genetics; Wildlife Biotechnology, 30, 31, 32-33, 63-64, 69 Board on Agriculture (NRC), 6, 57, 58 membership, 77 Board on Biology (NRC), membership, 75-76 C Climate and weather, 9, 66 deforestation and glaciation, 1 global, 17, 36, 53, 66, 71 The Closing Circle, 14 Committee on Forestry Research biographical information, 72-74 methodology of study, 4 workshop participants, 61-62 Competition for funding, 4, 5, 6, 17-18, 22, 53, 54, 56-57 international, 2, 6, 9, 27, 46-49, 56, 70-71 marketing, 6, 47~8, 70 Computer science, 69, 70

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80 Conservation, 1, 2, 9, 15, 36, 44-45, 51, 52, 58 endangered species, 15, 17, 34, 36 history, 1~14 intellectual leadership, 25, 51 organizations, 3 regional, 40 research, 45 Consumers and consumption demand for wood products, 1, 2, 6, 9, 11, 41-44, 68 70 international trade, 2, 42, 43, 46-49, 70-71 marketing, 6, 47-48, 70 Cooperative State Research Service, 4-5, 1~20 D Demand, see Consumers and consumption; Production and productivity; Supply and demand Demography, see Population factors Department of Agriculture, 4, 6, 43, 52, 5~57, 68 see also Forest Service Department of the Interior, 5, 6, 56 Developing countries, 38, 47, 48, 49 Diseases and disorders, 37, 64, 67 see also Pests and pesticides; Safety and health DNA, 2031 Doctoral degrees, 3, 23-24, 25-26, 43, 54 E Ecology, 2, 6, 10, 11, 12, 26, 27, 28, 33-37, 52, 57, 63, 65 silviculture, 2, 33, 36-37, 4406, 65, 67, 68, 70 sustained yield, 2, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 32, 46, 48, 53, 63 Economics, 2, 5, 10, 27, 46-49, 58 accounting systems, 48 developing countnes, 38, 47, 48, 49 efficiency, 2, 37, 46, 54-55, 69 employment, 23, 24, 25-26, 47-48 machinery and equipment, 5, 6, 44, 45, 55-56, 69f marketing, 6, 47-48, 70 models, 4607, 70 INDEX professional reward system, 4, 7, 43; fellowships, 4, 54 rural development, 37-38, 44 sustained yield, 2, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 32, 46, 48, 53, 63 see also Competition; Consumers and consumption; Foreign trade; Funding; Production and productivity Education, 3, 5, 11-12, 58 extension services, 7, 8, 22-23, 41, 53, 55, 58, 68 fellowships, 4, 54 funding, 21, 23 leadership, 13, 23 26, 51-52, 54 National Association of Professional ForestIy Schools and Colleges, 20 Ph.D.s, 3, 23-24, 25-26, 43, 54 professional forestry, 4, 20, 23 24, 35, 43, 51, 53 public, 21, 23, 31, 58 safety, 70 see also Universities Employment, 23, 24, 25-26, 47-48 minority groups, 23, 53, 54, 68 women, 24, 53, 54, 68 Endangered species, 15, 17, 34, 36 Environmental issues, see Air pollution; Conservation; Ecology; Recycling; Water resources Equipment, see Machinery and equipment Erosion, 44-46, 71 Exports and imports, see Foreign trade Extension services, 7, 8, 22-23, 41, 53, 55, 58, 68 Extinction, species, see Endangered species; Genetics: diversity Federal role, 3 Department of the Interior, 5, 6, 56 funding, 3-6, 7, 16-20, 2~23, 43, 56-57 National Research Council, 3, 6, 57, 58, 75-77 Roosevelt (Theodore) administration, 14 see also Department of Agriculture; Laws Fellowships, 4, 54 Fires and fire prevention, 17, 44, 66, 67, 68 Fish and fisheries, 2, 36

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INDEX Foreign countries, see International perspective Foreign trade, 2, 6, 42, 43, 46 49, 52, 7~71 competition, 2, 6, 11, 27, 46-49, 56, 70-71 Forests and forestry agriculture versus, 15-16, 38, 50, 56, 57 definition, 10, 14, 15-16, 38, 50-53, 57 education, 2~24 employment, 23, 24, 25-26, 47-48 extension, 7, 8, 2~23, 41, 53, 55, 58, 68 fires and fire prevention, 17, 44, 66, 67, 68 machinery and equipment, 5, 6, 44, 45, 55-56, 69 maps and mapping, 53 silviculture, 2, 33, 3~37, 44~6, 65, 67, 68, 70 sociology and, 38-41; see also Social factors soil science, 37, 44 16, 71 tropical, 27, 47, 49, 53 see also Biological factors; Wood and wood products Forest Service (USDA), 5, 6, 1~17, 52, 56 see also Cooperative State Research Se ntice; M cI ntire-S tennis Act Foundation Center, 21 Foundations, >4, 5, 16, 81, 21, 22, 34, 51 Fuel, 71 Funding, 16, 55-58 agricultural research, 3, 5, 17, 52, 58 awards and prizes, 4, 7, 43, 54 federal, 3-6, 7, 1~20, 22-23, 43, 5~57 grants, competitive, 4, 5, 6, 17-18, 22, 53, 54, 5~57 industry, 2~21 organization of, 3-4, 22 private sector, 3, 5, 20-21 state-level, 20, 22, 25 universities, 3, 4, 20, 21, 22, 54 G Genetics, 10, 2~31, 63~4 biotechnology, 30, 31, 32-33, 63~4, 69 diversity, 1, 2, 9, 15, 35-36, 53, 58, 6~67 molecular, 24, 26, 27, 29-31, 55, 63, 64 Genomes, 64 Glaciation, 1 81 Global Bioethics, 14 Global perspective, 1, 2, 4, ~7, 9, 14, 35, 54, 58, 66 air pollution, 10, 36, 53 climate, 17, 36, 53, 66, 71 regional perspective, 10, 31, 40, 43, 46-47, 52-53, 71 Government role, see Federal role; Laws; State-level actions H Hatch Act, 19-20 Health and safety, see Diseases and disorders; Safety and health Historical perspective conservationism, 13-14 foreign trade, 42, 43 Human factors, 2, 6, 7, 14-15, 27, 37-41, 5~54, 57 aesthetics 2, 15, 26, 34-36, 40-41, 45, 5~52, 65, 67 employment, 23, 24, 25-26, 47-48, 53, 54, 68 leadership, 13, 23 26, 51-52, 54 recreation, 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, 36, 38, 40-41, 67, 68 safety and health, 31, 46, 70 see also Consumers and consumption; Education; Population factors; Public opinion; Social factors I Imports and exports, see Foreign trade IndustIy, see Private sector; Production and productivity; Wood and wood products Insects, see Pests and pesticides Interdisciplinary approach, 3, 15, 24, 33, 50-53, 54 international trade, 4~47 sociology and forestry, 3~41, 50 International perspective competition, 2, 6, 9, 27, 46-49, 56, 70-71 global perspective, 1, 2, 4, ~7, 9, 14, 17, 27, 35, 36, 53, 54, 58, 66 regional perspective, 10, 31, 40, 43, 4~47, 52-53, 71 sociology of natural resources, 41 see also Foreign trade

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82 International Made Development Centers, 46-47, 71 L "The Land Ethic," 14 Landowners, 7, 22 Landscape, 2, 26, 34 35, 36, 52-53, 65 Land use policies, 9 Laws environmental, 21 Hatch Act, 19-20 McIntire-Stennis Act, 4, 5, 6, 16, 18-19, 56, 57 Renewable Resources Extension Act, 7, 2~23, 55 Smith-Lever Act, 22 Leadership, 13, 23-26, 51-52, 54 Leopold, Aldo, 14 M Machinery and equipment, 5, 6, 44, 45, 55-56, 69 Management practices, 1, 2, 4, 12, 13, 58, 70 ecosystem, 33-37, 52, 57 land use policies, 9, 14 models, 15 private sector research, 5 production, 37, 67~8 silviculture, 2, 33, 3~37, 44 46, 65, 67, 68, 70 Maps and mapping, 53 Marketing, 6, 70 international, 47-48 Marsh, George Perkins, 14 McIntire-Stennis Act, 4, 5, 6, 16, 1~19, 56, 57 Minority groups, 23, 53, 54, 68 Models biological, 28-29, 63 conservation and management, 14-15 economic, 46-47, 70 landscape ecology, 35 mathematical, 24 Molecular biology, 24, 26, 27, 2~31, 55, 63, 64 virology, 32~33 Muir, John, 14 Multidisciplinary approach, see Interdisciplinary approach INDEX N National Association of Professional Forestry Schools and Colleges, 20 National Forestry Research Council, 3, 51 National Research Council, 3, 6, 57, 58 board memberships, 75-77 National Science Foundation, 16, 18, 22, 34 Nongovernmental/nonprofit organizations, see Foundations; Private sector North Carolina, 7 o Olmstead, Frederick Law, 14 Organizational issues research, 3-4, 22 see also Management practices Our Common Future, 12, 14 p Paper and pulp, 42 Pests and pesticides, 10, 32-33, 64, 67 biological control, 29, 3~33 Physiology, 10, 2~29, 63-64 Pinchot, Gifford, 14 Policy, general, 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 12, 25-26, 27, 49, 51, 54, 68 Population factors, 10, 49, 68, 71 employment, 23, 24, 25-26, 47~8, 53, 54, 68 minority groups, 23, 53, 54, 68 urbanization, 11, 23, 32, 39-40, 55, 68 women, 24, 53, 54, 68 Preservation, see Conservation Prices, 48 Private sector, 51 conservation organizations, 3, 51 foundations, 3-4, 5, 16, 81, 21, 22, 34, 51 funding, 3, 5, 18, 20-21 small landowners, 7, 22 universities, 21 Process engineering, 69 Production and productivity, 1, 10, 17, 58, 67 68 biological factors, 20-21, 28 33 conservation and, 2, 14 efficiency, 2, 37, 46, 54-55, 69 long-te~m site, 32, 64 management, 36 37, 67~8

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INDEX silviculture, 2, 33, 3~37, 44-46, 65, 67, 68, 70 sustained, 2, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 32, 46, 48, 53, 63 Public opinion, 16 education, 4, 21, 31, 58 environmental issues, 13, 14 research and, 27 Q Quality control, 69 R Recreation, 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, 36, 38, 4~41, 67, 68 Recycling, 69 Regional perspective, 10, 31, 40, 43, 46~7, 5~53, 71 Renewable Resources Extension Act, 7, 22-23, 55 Research, 11-12, 50-53 agricultural, 3, 5, 17, 52, s8 barriers, 22 competitive grants, 4, 5, 6, 17-18, 22, 53, 54, 56-57 current status, 1, 2-3, 27-49, 55-55 extension services, 7, 8, 22-23, 41, 53, 55, 58, 68 funding, 3-6, 16-23, 55, s~s8 harvesting, 2, 37, 44 46, 48, 64, 70 interdisciplinary approach, 3, 15, 24, 33, 3~41, 46-47, 5~53, 54 maximizing benefits, 6-7 recommendations, summarized, 1, 2-4, 15, 52-58 subject matter, 27-49 wood technology, 4~44, 69 Risk assessments genetic engineering, 31 Robotics, 69 Roosevelt, Theodore, 14 Rural development, 37-38, 44 S Safety and health, 46, 70 genetic engineering, 31 see also Diseases and disorders Scandinavia, 45 83 Silviculture, 2, 33, 3~37, 11 46, 65, 67, 68, 70 Smith-Lever Act, 22 Social factors, 2, 9-12, 33, 38~1, 53 aesthetics 2, 15, 26, 34-35, 36, 4~41, 45, 52-53, 65, 67 current research, 1~26 employment, 23, 24, 25-26, 47~8, 53, 54, 68 leadership, 13, 23 26, 51-52, 54 minority groups, 23, 53, 54, 68 recreation, 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, 36, 38, 4~41, 67, 68 safety and health, 31, 46, 70 urbanization, 11, 23, 32, 39-40, 55, 68 women, 24, 53, 54, 68 see also Consumers and consumption; Diseases and disorders; Economics; Education; Human factors; Population factors; Public opinion Soil science, 37 erosion, 41 46, 71 South America, 42 State-level actions Cooperative State Research Service, =5, 1~20 funding, 20, 22, 25 Statutes, see Laws Supply and demand, see Consumers and consumption; Production and productivity T Technology transfer, extension of, 7, 8, 2~23, 41, 53, 55, 58, 68 Threatened and endangered species, see Endangered species Tropical forests, 27, 47, 49, 53 U Universities, 43, 51, 53 fellowships, 4, 54 funding from, 3, 4, 20, 21, 22, 54 industry, cooperation with, 21 National Association of Professional Forestry Schools and Colleges, 20 Ph.D.s, 3, 2~24, 25-26, 43, 54 Urbanization, 11, 23, 32, 39-40, 55, 68

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84 V Virology, 32~33 Volatile organic compounds, 66 W Wallenberg Award, 43 Water resource management, 10, 11, 17, 35, 45, 65, 71 Watersheds, 10, 66, 71 wildlife, 10, 11, 35, 63, 65, 67 INDEX endangered species, 15, 17, 34, 36 fish and fisheries, 2, 36 protection, 2, 36 Women, 24, 53, 54, 68 Wood and wood products, 27, 57 demand, 1, 2, 6, 9, 11, 41 44, 6~70 fuel, 71 management, 36 37, 67 68 manufacturing technology, 42-44, 69 new, 17 silviculture, 2, 33, 36 37, 44~6, 65, 67, 68, 70