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. "7 Euthanasia." Recognition and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1992.
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TABLE 7-2 General Recommendations for Euthanasia (Categorized by Species)
Agent or Method
Dogs and cats
Carbon dioxidea (small dogs)
Cervical dislocation (small rabbits)
Cervical dislocation (< 200 g)
Snakes and lizards
Barbiturates or inhalant anesthetics
Turtles, terrapins, and tortoises
Frogs, toads, newts, and salamanders
Tricaine methanesultate (MS 222)
a Not suitable for newborn or newly hatched animals.
b Followed by immediate killing by another method.