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Recognition and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals References Abelson, P. H. 1992. Diet and cancer in humans and rodents. Science 225:141. (Editorial) Ader, R. 1967. The influence of psychological factors on disease susceptibility in animals. Pp. 219–238 in Husbandry of Laboratory Animals, M. L. Conalty, ed. London: Academic Press. Allred, J. B., and G. G. Berntson. 1986. Is euthanasia of rats by decapitation inhumane? J. Nutr. 116:1859–1861. Amyx, H. L. 1987. Control of animal pain and distress in antibody production and infectious disease studies. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 191(10):1287–1289. Anand, K. J. S., D. Phil, and P. R. Hickey. 1987a. Pain and its effects in the human neonate and fetus. N. Eng. J. Med. 317(21):1321–1329. Anand, K. J. S., W. G. Sippell, and A. Aynsley-Green. 1987b. Randomized trial of fentanyl anesthesia in preterm babies undergoing surgery: Effects on the stress response. Lancet 1:243–248. Antin, J., J. Gibbs, J. Holt, R. C. Young, and G. P. Smith. 1975. Cholecystokinin elicits the complete behavioral sequence of satiety in rats. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 89:784–790. Archer, J. 1970. Effects of population density on behavior in rodents. Pp. 169–210 in Social Behavior in Birds and Mammals, J. H. Crook, ed. New York: Academic Press. Arena, P. C., and K. C. Richardson. 1990. The relief of pain in cold-blooded vertebrates. Australian Council for the Care of Animals in Research and Teaching (ACCART) News 3(1):1–4. Arluke, A. 1990. Uneasiness among laboratory technicians. Lab Anim. 19(4):20–39. AVMA (American Veterinary Medical Association). 1986. 1986 Report of the AVMA Panel on Euthanasia. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 188(3):252–268. Bahga, H. S., and R. P. Link. 1966. Cardiovascular effects of two phenothiazines: Fluphenazine and trifluoperazine. Am. J. Vet. Res. 27:81. Barclay, R. J., W. J. Herbert, and T. B. Poole. 1988. The Disturbance Index: A Behavioral Method for Assessing the Severity of Common Laboratory Procedures on Rodents. Hertfordshire, UK: Universities Federation for Animal Welfare. 35 pp.

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Recognition and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals Bayne, K., H. Mainzer, S. Dexter, G. Campbell, F. Yamada, and S. Suomi. 1991. The reduction of abnormal behaviors in individually housed rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) with a foraging/grooming board. Am. J. Primatol. 23(1):23–35. Beaver, B. V. 1989. Environmental enrichment for laboratory animals. ILAR News 31(2):5–13. Benson, G. J., and J. C. Thurmon. 1979. Anesthesia of swine under field conditions. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 194:594. Berlyne, D. E. 1960. Conflict, Arousal and Curiosity. New York: McGraw-Hill. 350 pp. Berson, B., G. Bernston, E. Zipf, M. Torello, and W. Kirk. 1983. Vasopressin-induced antinociception: An investigation into its physiological and hormonal basis. Endocrinology 113:337–343. Bertram, B. C. R. 1978. Living in groups: Predators and prey. Pp. 64–96 in Behavioral Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach, 1st ed., J. R. Krebs, and N. B. Davies, eds. Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer. Bloom, K. R., and M. Cook. 1989. Environmental enrichment: Behavioral responses of rhesus to puzzle feeders. Lab Anim. 18(4):25–31. Bloomsmith, M. 1989. Feeding enrichment for captive great apes. Pp. 336–356 in Housing, Care and Psychological Well-Being of Captive and Laboratory Primates, E. F. Segal, ed. Park Ridge, N.J.: Noyes Publications . Bloomstrand, M. 1987. An analysis of feeding enrichment for captive chimpanzees. Diss. Abstr. Int. 48(5-B):1545. Boccia, M. L. 1989. Long-term effects of a natural foraging task on aggression and sterotypies in socially housed pigtail macaques. Lab. Primate Newsl. 28(2):18–19. Bonner, W. B., M. E. Keeling, E. T. Van Ormer, and J. E. Haynie. 1972. Ketamine anesthesia in chimpanzees and other great ape species. The Chimpanzee 5:255–268. Booij, L. H. D. J., R. P. Edwards, Y. J. Sohn, R. D. Miller. 1980. Comparative cardiovascular and neuromuscular effects of ORG NC45, pancuronium, metocurine and d-tubocurarine. Anesth. Anagl. (Cleveland) 19:26–30. Booth, N. H., and L. E. McDonald, eds. 1982. Non-narcotic analgesics. Pp. 297–320 in Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 5th ed. Ames: Iowa State University Press. Bowd, A. D. 1980. Ethics and animal experimentation. Am. Psychol. 35:224–225. Breazile, J. E. 1987. Physiologic basis and consequences of distress in animals . J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 191(10):1212–1215. Breese, C. E., and N. H. Dodman. 1984. Xylazine-ketamine-oxymorphone: An injectable anesthetic combination in swine. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 184:182–183. Breland, K., and M. Breland. 1961. The misbehavior of organisms. Am. Psychol. 16:681–684. Brown, L. A. 1988. Anesthesia in Fish. Vet. Clin. N. Am. 18(2):317–330. Bustad, L. K. 1982. An educator's approach to euthanasia. Lab Anim. 11(4):37–41. Calderwood, H. W., A. M. Klide, B. B. Cohn, and L. R. Soma. 1971. Cardiorespiratory effects of tiletamine in cats. Am. J. Vet. Res. 32(10):1511–1515. Cannon, W. B. 1929. Bodily Changes in Pain, Hunger, Fear and Rage: An account of recent researches into the function of emotional excitement. New York: Appleton. 404 pp. Cass, N. W., A. Brown, K. C. Ng, and D. G. Lampard. 1980. Dosage patterns of non-depolarizing neuromuscular blockers in the sheep. Anesth. Intens. Care 8:13–15. CCAC (Canadian Council on Animal Care). 1980. Guide to the Care and Use of Experimental Animals. Vol. 1. Ontario, Canada: Canadian Council on Animal Care. 120 pp. CFR (Code of Federal Regulations), Title 9 (Animals and Animal Products), Subchapter A (Animal Welfare), Parts 1–3. Copies available from: Animal Care Staff, Regulatory Enforcement and Animal Care, APHIS, USDA, Federal Building, Room 268, Hyattsville, MD 20782. Chamove, A. S., and J. R. Anderson. 1988. Impact of feeding practices on growth and behavior of stump-tailed macaques (Macaca arctoides). Bull. Soc. Herpetol. France 11:231–246. Chamove, A. S., J. G. Anderson, S. C. Morgan-Jones, and S. P. Jones. 1982. Deep woodchip

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