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Recognition and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals References Abelson, P. H. 1992. Diet and cancer in humans and rodents. Science 225:141. (Editorial) Ader, R. 1967. The influence of psychological factors on disease susceptibility in animals. Pp. 219–238 in Husbandry of Laboratory Animals, M. L. Conalty, ed. London: Academic Press. Allred, J. B., and G. G. Berntson. 1986. Is euthanasia of rats by decapitation inhumane? J. Nutr. 116:1859–1861. Amyx, H. L. 1987. Control of animal pain and distress in antibody production and infectious disease studies. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 191(10):1287–1289. Anand, K. J. S., D. Phil, and P. R. Hickey. 1987a. Pain and its effects in the human neonate and fetus. N. Eng. J. Med. 317(21):1321–1329. Anand, K. J. S., W. G. Sippell, and A. Aynsley-Green. 1987b. Randomized trial of fentanyl anesthesia in preterm babies undergoing surgery: Effects on the stress response. Lancet 1:243–248. Antin, J., J. Gibbs, J. Holt, R. C. Young, and G. P. Smith. 1975. Cholecystokinin elicits the complete behavioral sequence of satiety in rats. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 89:784–790. Archer, J. 1970. Effects of population density on behavior in rodents. Pp. 169–210 in Social Behavior in Birds and Mammals, J. H. Crook, ed. New York: Academic Press. Arena, P. C., and K. C. Richardson. 1990. The relief of pain in cold-blooded vertebrates. Australian Council for the Care of Animals in Research and Teaching (ACCART) News 3(1):1–4. Arluke, A. 1990. Uneasiness among laboratory technicians. Lab Anim. 19(4):20–39. AVMA (American Veterinary Medical Association). 1986. 1986 Report of the AVMA Panel on Euthanasia. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 188(3):252–268. Bahga, H. S., and R. P. Link. 1966. Cardiovascular effects of two phenothiazines: Fluphenazine and trifluoperazine. Am. J. Vet. Res. 27:81. Barclay, R. J., W. J. Herbert, and T. B. Poole. 1988. The Disturbance Index: A Behavioral Method for Assessing the Severity of Common Laboratory Procedures on Rodents. Hertfordshire, UK: Universities Federation for Animal Welfare. 35 pp.
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