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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

The Institute of Medicine was chartered in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to enlist distinguished members of the appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. In this, the Institute acts under both the Academy's 1863 congressional charter responsibility to be an adviser to the federal government and its own initiative in identifying issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Samuel O. Thier is president of the Institute of Medicine.

This study was supported by project no. MCJ 116011 from the Maternal and Child Health Program (Title V, Social Security Act), Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Subcommittee on Nutrition During Lactation.

Nutrition during lactation / Subcommittee on Nutrition During Lactation, Committee on Nutritional Status during Pregnancy and Lactation, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences.

p. cm.

"This study was supported by project no MCJ 116011 from the maternal and child health program (Title V, Social Security Act), Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services"—T.p. verso.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN 0-309-04391-3

1. Breast feeding—Health aspects. 2. Lactation—Nutritional aspects. 3. Milk, Human—Analysis. 4. Infants—Development. I. United States. Health Resources and Services Administration. II. Title.

[DNLM: 1. Breast Feeding. 2. Infant, Newborn. 3. Lactation. 4. Milk, Human—analysis. 5. Nutritional Requirements. 6. Nutritional Status. WP 825 I58]

RJ216.I54 1991

613.2'6—dc20

DNLM/DLC 90-13659

for Library of Congress CIP

Copyright © 1991 by the National Academy of Sciences

Printed in the United States of America

First Printing, February 1992

Second Printing, August 1993

Third Printing, March 1994

Fourth Printing, September 1996



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