Antidepressant medication, 129, 206, 208-209, 210, 219

Antihypertensive medication

adverse effects of, 42-44, 206

benefits of, 38-40

and risk of falls, 272, 281

Arrhythmias, 208

Arthritis, 36

drug treatment of, 56-57

and hearing impairment, 107

and risk of falls, 271, 272

Asians

bone mass, 85

fracture risk, 94

Aspirin, 57

Atherosclerosis, 168, 176, 184

Australian Trial on Mild Hypertension, 38, 39, 40

B

Baby boom cohort, 11

Bacteremia, 65, 66, 69, 71

Balance and gait training, 276

Bantu people, fracture rates, 85

Baroreceptor reflex, 42

Barthel Index, 164

Beck Depression Inventory, 217

Behavioral changes, and prevention of falls, 277-278

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 225

Benfluorothiazide, 39

Benzodiazepines, 54

and cognitive function, 59

and risk of falls, 272

Bereavement, 210, 217-218, 254

Beta-blockers, 39, 42, 59

Bioethicists, 31

Blacks

bone mass, 85

cancer screening and, 149

fracture risk, 94

glaucoma and, 104

high blood pressure in, 34, 35, 36, 47

physical inactivity, 227, 228

sodium sensitivity, 44

Blindness

causes of, 104, 105, 177

prevalence of, 102

prevention of, 111

Bone loss, 76

age-related, 89-91, 94

hypogonadal, 86-89

risk factors for, 85, 91-93

therapies, 89, 94, 280

Bone mass, 85

and fractures, 82-84, 92-93, 274

measurement, 86-88, 95-97

screening tests, 93

therapies, 89, 91, 275

Bone pain, cancer, 140

Boorse, Christopher, 302

Breast cancer

estrogen therapy and, 89

impairment, 140

prevalence, 139

screening, 136, 141-143, 147, 148, 149, 150

British Medical Research Council, 45

Bronchitis, 66

Butler, Robert, 113

C

Caffeine, 171

Calcitonin, 89

Calcium, and bone loss, 89, 90, 94, 171

Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination, 16

Cancer

breast, 89, 139, 141-143

diet and, 158, 168

estrogen and, 89

impairment, 140

incidence and mortality, 137-140

lung, 194, 198

oral, 119, 121, 127, 130

risks for, 78, 231

screening, 130, 136-137, 141-151

smoking and, 171, 193, 194-195, 196

surgery, 163

therapy, 126, 136

Carbohydrates, 170-171

Cardiovascular disease, 46, 172

cholesterol and, 57

diet and, 173

estrogen and, 58, 89

morbidity and mortality, 35, 38-42, 45-46

physical activity and, 179

risk factors, 33, 166, 174, 176, 177

smoking and, 195, 196

Cardiovascular system, oxygen delivery, 229

Caries, 120, 121-122, 124

prevention of, 128

radiation, 126

research on, 131



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