References

Bramwell, D., O. Hamann, V. Heywood, and H Synge, eds. 1987. Botanic Gardens and the World Conservation Strategy. Orlando, Fla.: Academic Press.

Brown, A. H. D. 1989a. The case for core collections. Pp. 136–156 in The Use of Plant Genetic Resources, A. H. D. Brown, O. H. Frankel, D. R. Marshall, and J. T. Williams, eds. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Brown, A. H. D. 1989b. Core collections: A practical approach to genetic resources management. Genome 31(2): 818–824.

Brown, A. H. D., O. H. Frankel, D. R. Marshall, and J. T. Williams, eds. 1989. The Use of Plant Genetic Resources. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Burgess, S., ed. 1971. The National Program for Conservation of Crop Germ Plasm. Athens: University of Georgia.

Chang, T. T. 1985. Principles of genetic conservation. Iowa State Journal of Research 59(4): 325–348.

Chang, T. T. 1989. The case for large collections. Pp. 123–135 in The Use of Plant Genetic Resources, A. D. H. Brown , O. H. Frankel, D. R. Marshall, and J. T. Williams, eds. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Chang, T. T., S. M. Dietz, and M. N. Westwood. 1989. Management and utilization of plant germplasm collections. Pp. 127–160 in Biotic Diversity and Germplasm Preservation: Global Imperatives, L. Knutson and A. K. Stoner, eds. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Chapman, C. 1987. Criteria for selecting core collections: Basic passport data. International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, Rome, Italy. Photocopy.

Christensen, E. 1989. Sharing the wealth: Methods of compensating source countries for germplasm resources. DIVERSITY 5(1): 29–32.

Council for Agricultural Science and Technology. 1984. Plant Germplasm Preservation and Utilization in U.S. Agriculture. Report No. 106, November 1985. Ames, Iowa: Council for Agricultural Science and Technology.

Cox, T. S., J. P. Murphy, and M. M. Goodman. 1988. The contribution of exotic germplasm to American agriculture. Pp. 114–144 in Seeds and Sovereignty : The Use and Control of Plant Genetic Resources , J. R. Kloppenburg, Jr., ed. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.



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MANAGING GLOBAL GENETIC RESOURCES: The U.S. National Plant Germplasm System References Bramwell, D., O. Hamann, V. Heywood, and H Synge, eds. 1987. Botanic Gardens and the World Conservation Strategy. Orlando, Fla.: Academic Press. Brown, A. H. D. 1989a. The case for core collections. Pp. 136–156 in The Use of Plant Genetic Resources, A. H. D. Brown, O. H. Frankel, D. R. Marshall, and J. T. Williams, eds. New York: Cambridge University Press. Brown, A. H. D. 1989b. Core collections: A practical approach to genetic resources management. Genome 31(2): 818–824. Brown, A. H. D., O. H. Frankel, D. R. Marshall, and J. T. Williams, eds. 1989. The Use of Plant Genetic Resources. New York: Cambridge University Press. Burgess, S., ed. 1971. The National Program for Conservation of Crop Germ Plasm. Athens: University of Georgia. Chang, T. T. 1985. Principles of genetic conservation. Iowa State Journal of Research 59(4): 325–348. Chang, T. T. 1989. The case for large collections. Pp. 123–135 in The Use of Plant Genetic Resources, A. D. H. Brown , O. H. Frankel, D. R. Marshall, and J. T. Williams, eds. New York: Cambridge University Press. Chang, T. T., S. M. Dietz, and M. N. Westwood. 1989. Management and utilization of plant germplasm collections. Pp. 127–160 in Biotic Diversity and Germplasm Preservation: Global Imperatives, L. Knutson and A. K. Stoner, eds. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Chapman, C. 1987. Criteria for selecting core collections: Basic passport data. International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, Rome, Italy. Photocopy. Christensen, E. 1989. Sharing the wealth: Methods of compensating source countries for germplasm resources. DIVERSITY 5(1): 29–32. Council for Agricultural Science and Technology. 1984. Plant Germplasm Preservation and Utilization in U.S. Agriculture. Report No. 106, November 1985. Ames, Iowa: Council for Agricultural Science and Technology. Cox, T. S., J. P. Murphy, and M. M. Goodman. 1988. The contribution of exotic germplasm to American agriculture. Pp. 114–144 in Seeds and Sovereignty : The Use and Control of Plant Genetic Resources , J. R. Kloppenburg, Jr., ed. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.

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MANAGING GLOBAL GENETIC RESOURCES: The U.S. National Plant Germplasm System Creech, J. L., and L. P. Reitz. 1971. Plant germ plasm now and for tomorrow. Advances in Agronomy 23: 1–49. Cunningham, I. S. 1984. Frank N. Meyer: Plant Hunter in Asia. Ames: Iowa State University Press. Dalrymple, D. G. 1986a. Development and Spread of High-Yielding Wheat Varieties in Developing Countries. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Agency for International Development. Dalrymple, D. G. 1986b. Development and Spread of High-Yielding Rice Varieties inDeveloping Countries. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Agency for International Development. Database Management Unit. 1987. The Germplasm Resources Information Network—GRIN: A Brief History and Introduction. Beltsville, Md.: U.S. Department of Agriculture. Duvick, D. N. 1984. Genetic diversity in major farm crops on the farm and in reserve. Economic Botany 38: 161–178. Ford-Lloyd, B., and M. Jackson. 1986. Plant Genetic Resources: An Introduction to Their Conservation and Use. London: Edward Arnold. Frankel, O. H., and A. H. D. Brown. 1984. Plant genetic resources today: A critical appraisal. Pp. 249–257 in Crop Genetic Resources: Conservation and Evaluation, J.H. W. Holden and J. T. Williams, eds. London: Allen and Unwin. General Accounting Office. 1981a. Better Collection and Maintenance Procedures Needed to Help Protect Agriculture's Germplasm Resources. Washington, D.C.: U.S.Government Printing Office. General Accounting Office. 1981b. The Department of Agriculture Can Minimize the Risk of Potential Crop Failures. Washington, D.C.: U.S.Government Printing Office. Genetic Resources Conservation Program. 1988. Evaluation of the University of California Tomato Genetics Stock Center: Recommendations for Its Long-Term Management, Funding, and Facilities. Report No. 2. Oakland: University of California Genetic Resources Conservation Program. Hanson, J., J. T. Williams, and R. Freund. 1984. Institutes Conserving Crop Germplasm: The IBPGR Global Network of Genebanks. Rome, Italy: International Board for Plant Genetic Resources. Harrison, R. G. 1946. Correspondence, National Academy of Sciences Archives, Washington, D.C., March 1, 1946. Hodge, W. H., and C. O. Erlanson. 1956. Plant introduction as a federal service. Advances in Agronomy 7: 189–211. Holden, J. H. W. 1984. The second ten years. Pp. 177–185 in Crop Genetic Resources: Conservation and Evaluation, J. H. W. Holden and J. T. Williams, eds. London: George Allen and Unwin. Hyland, H. 1984. History of plant introduction in the United States. Pp. 5–14 in Plant Genetic Resources: A Conservation Imperative, C. W. Yeatman, D. Kafton, and G. Wilkes, eds. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press. International Board for Plant Genetic Resources. 1989. Annual Report 1988. Rome, Italy: International Board for Plant Genetic Resources. Jones, Q., and S. Gillette. 1982. The NPGS: An Overview 1982. Fort Collins, Colo.: DIVERSITY, Laboratory for Information Science in Agriculture, Colorado State University. Klose, N. 1950. America's Crop Heritage: The History of Foreign Plant Introduction by the Federal Government. Ames: Iowa State College Press. McGuire, P. E., and C. O. Qualset, eds. 1990. Genetic Resources at Risk: Scientific Issues,

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MANAGING GLOBAL GENETIC RESOURCES: The U.S. National Plant Germplasm System Technologies, and Funding Policies. Report No. 5. Oakland: University of California Genetic Resources Conservation Program. Mowder, J. D., and A. K. Stoner. 1989. Plant germplasm information systems. Pp. 419–426 in Biotic Diversity and Germplasm Preservation: Global Imperatives, L. Knutson and A. K. Stoner, eds. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Murphy, C. F. 1988. Institutional responsibility of the National Plant Germplasm System. Pp. 204–217 in Seeds and Sovereignty: The Use and Control of Plant Genetic Resources , J. R. Kloppenburg, Jr., ed. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press. National Plant Genetic Resources Board. 1984. Plant Germplasm: Conservation and Use. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture. National Plant Germplasm Committee. 1986. Operations manual for national clonal germplasm repositories. Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. Photocopy. National Research Council. 1972. Genetic Vulnerability of Major Crops. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. National Research Council. 1988. Expansion of the U.S. National Seed Storage Laboratory: Program and Design Considerations. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Office of Technology Assessment. 1981. An Assessment of the United States Food and Agricultural Research System. OTA-F-155. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Office of Technology Assessment. 1985. Grassroots Conservation of Biological Diversity in the United States. OTA-BP-F-38. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Office of Technology Assessment. 1987. Technologies to Maintain Biological Diversity. OTA-F-330. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Peacock, W. J. 1989. Molecular biology and genetic resources. Pp. 363–376 in The Use of Plant Genetic Resources, A. D. H. Brown, O. H. Frankel, D. R. Marshall, and J. T. Williams, eds. New York: Cambridge University Press. Peairs, F., L. Brooks, G. Hein, G. Johnson, B. Massey, D. McBride, P. Morrison, J. T. Schultz, and E. Spackman. 1989. Economic Impact of the Russian Wheat Aphid in the Western United States: 1987–1988. Publication No. 129. Fort Collins, Colo.: Great Plains Agricultural Council. Peeters, J. P., and N. W. Galwey. 1988. Germplasm collections and breeding needs in Europe. Economic Botany 42: 503–521. Plucknett, D. L., and N. J. H. Smith. 1982. Agricultural research and third world food production. Science 217: 215–220. Plucknett, D. L., and N. J. H. Smith. 1986. Sustaining agricultural yields. BioScience 36(1): 40–45. Plucknett, D. L., N. J. H. Smith, J. T. Williams, and N. M. Anishetty. 1987. Gene Banks and the World's Food. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Priestley, D. A. 1986. Seed Aging. Implications for Seed Storage and Persistence in the Soil. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press. Purdue, R. E., Jr., and G. M. Christenson. 1989. Plant exploration. Pp. 67–94 in Plant Breeding Reviews, Vol. 7.: The National Plant Germplasm System of the United States, R. L. Clark, W. W. Roath, and H. L. Shands, eds. Portland, Ore.: Timber Press. Rick, C. M., J. W. DeVerna, R. T. Chetelat, and M. A. Stevens. 1987. Potential contributions of wide crosses to improvement of processing tomatoes. Acta Horticulturae 200: 45–55. Roos, E. E. 1984a. Genetic shifts in mixed bean populations, part I: Storage effects. Crop Science 24: 240–244.

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