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Abbreviations AB Artificial breeding ALPA Asociacion Latinoamericana de Produccion Animal (Latin American Association of Animal Production) AMBC American Minor Breeds Conservancy, United States CAB Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, England CENARGEN Centro Nacional de Recursos Geneticos (National Center for Genetic Resources), Brazil CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, United States COAG Committee on Agriculture (FAO) DIMDI Deutsches Institut fur Medizinische Dokumentation und Information (German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information), Germany DNA deoxyribonucleic acid EAAP European Association for Animal Production, Italy EMBRAPA Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation), Brazil FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Italy IBAR Inter-African Bureau for Animal Resources, Kenya IBPGR International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, Italy ILCA International Livestock Center for Africa, Ethiopia . ~ 253
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254 / Abbreviations ILRAD International Laboratory for Research on Animal Diseases, Kenya IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Switzerland MHC major histocompatibility complex mtDNA mitochondrial DNA Ne effective population size OAU Organization of African Unity, Ethiopia 32p a radioactive isotope of phosphorus RBST Rare Breeds Survival Trust, England RFLP restriction fragment length polymorphism SABRAO Society for the Advancement of Breeding Researches in Asia and Oceania, Malaysia UNEP United Nations Environment Program, Kenya VNTR variable number of tandem repeats