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~- Authors ROBERT W. ALLARD Allard is emeritus professor of genetics at the University of California, Davis. He has a Ph.D. degree in genetics from the University of Wisconsin. His areas of research include plant population genetics, gene resource conservation, and plant breeding. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. PAULO DE T. ALVIM Since 1963 Alvim has been the scientific director for the Comissao Executiva do Piano da Lavoura Cacaueira, Brazil. He earned a Ph.D. degree from Cornell University with spe- cialization in plant physiology, tropical agriculture, and ecology. JOHN H. BARTON Barton joined the Stanford law faculty in 1969, and is now George E. Osborne Professor of Law and director of the school's International Center on Law and Technology. He is a Stanford law graduate, and teaches and consults extensively on inter- national technology law issues, particularly those associated with ag- ricultural biotechnology, intellectual property rights, and genetic re- sources. FREDERICK H. BUTTEL is professor of rural sociology at the University of Wisconsin, where he earned a Ph.D. degree in sociol- ogy. He is also adjunct professor of science and technology studies at Cornell University. His areas of interest are in technology and social change, particularly in relation to agricultural research and biotech- nology. 255

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256 / Authors TE-TZU CHANG Chang is formerly head of the International Rice Germplasm Center (1983-1991) and principal geneticist (1985- 1991) at the International Rice Research Institute, Philippines. He has been a visiting professor at the University of the Philippines, Los Banos, since 1962. He has a Ph.D. degree in plant genetics and breed- ing from the University of Minnesota. Chang had a vital role in the Green Revolution in rice and has broad experience in managing and designing plant gene banks. He is president of the Society for the Advancement of Breeding Researches in Asia and Oceania. PETER R. DAY (Committee Chair) Before joining Rutgers Uni- versity as director of the Center for Agricultural Molecular Biology in 1987, Day was the director of the Plant Breeding Institute, Cambridge, United Kingdom. He has a Ph.D. degree from the University of Lon- don, and is a leader in the field of biotechnology and its application to agriculture. ROBERT E. EVENSON Since 1977 Evenson has been a profes- sor of economics at Yale University. He has a Ph.D. degree in eco- nomics from the University of Chicago. His research interests in- clude agricultural development policy with a special interest in the economics of agricultural research. HENRY A. FITZHUGH (Subcommittee Chair) Fitzhugh is deputy director general for research at the International Livestock Center for Africa, Ethiopia. He received a Ph.D. degree in animal breeding from Texas A&M University. His field of research is the development and testing of biological and socioeconomic interventions to improve the productivity of livestock in agricultural production systems. MAJOR 1~1. GOODMAN Goodman is professor of crop science, statistics, genetics, and botany at North Carolina State University (NCSU) where he has been employed since 1967. He has a Ph.D. degree in genetics from NCSU, and his areas of research are plant breeding, germplasm conservation and utilization, numerical taxonomy, history and evolution of maize, and applied multivariate statistics. Goodman is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. lAAP I. HARDON In 1985 Hardon became the director of the Center for Genetics Resources, The Netherlands. He has a Ph.D. degree in plant genetics from the University of California. His spe- cialty is plant breeding and genetics.

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Authors / 257 ELIZABETH L. HENSON Since 1986 Henson has been a direc- tor of the Cotswold Farm Park's Rare Breeds Survival Center in the United Kingdom. Prior to this she served as executive director for the American Minor Breeds Conservancy and conducted its first cen- sus of breeds in North America. She has a master's degree in zool- ogy from the University of Oxford and a master's degree in animal breeding from the University of Edinburgh. JOHN HODGES Until August 1990 Hodges was senior officer for animal breeding and genetic resources with the Food and Agri- culture Organization of the United Nations. He has a Ph.D. degree in animal genetics from the University of Reading and is a graduate of the Harvard Business School. Formerly professor of animal genetics at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, he now lives in Austria and is working as a private consultant and writer in the fields of animal production, breeding and genetics, biotechnol- ogy, biodiversity, and environmental biology. DONALD R. MARSHALL In 1991 Marshall left the Waite Agri- cultural Research Institute at the University of Adelaide, Australia, to accept a position as professor of plant breeding at the University of Sydney. He has a Ph.D. degree in genetics from the University of California, Davis. His professional interests are population genetics, plant breeding, host-parasite interactions, and genetic resources con- servation. DAVID R. NOTTER Since 1977 Notter has been on the faculty of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, where he is currently professor of animal science. He has M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in animal breeding and genetics from the University of Nebraska. His research has been in the development of breeding and manage- ment systems in beef cattle and sheep, and the genetic control of animal reproduction with emphasis on the breeding season of sheep. DIETER PLASSE Plasse is professor of genetics in the Faculty of Veterinary Science at the Universidad Central de Venezuela. He has a Dr. Sc. Agr. degree (Doctor in Agriculture Science) from the Georg-August-Universitat of Gottingen, Germany. His research in- volves studies of breeding and selection to improve productivity of beef cattle populations in the Latin American tropics using Bos indicus (Criollo) and Bos Taurus (including Criollo) cattle.

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258 / Authors SETIlATI SASTRAPRADIA Sastrapradja is affiliated with the National Center for Research in Biotechnology at the Indonesian In- stitute of Science. She has a Ph.D. degree in botany from the Univer- sity of Hawaii. LOUISE LETHOLA SETSHWAELO Setshwaelo is the senior ag- ricultural research officer for animal breeding in the Ministry of Agri- culture, Botswana. She has a Ph.D. degree in animal breeding and genetics from the University of Nebraska. Her work is in crossbreed- ing, selection, and breed development of cattle in southern Africa. CHARLES SMITH Smith is a professor of animal breeding strategies at the University of Guelph, Canada. He has a Ph.D. degree in ani- mal breeding from Iowa State University. His research area is in animal breeding strategies, including genetic conservation, and he has been involved in international efforts to conserve domestic ani- mal germplasm. JOHN A. SPENCE In 1989 Spence was appointed head of the Cocoa Research Unit at the University of the West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago. He has a Ph.D. degree from the University of Bristol, United Kingdom. His research interests are cocoa tissue culture and cryopreservation as alternatives to holding field germplasm collec- tions. THOMAS E. WAGNER Since 1984 Wagner has been director of the Edison Animal Biotechnology Center at Ohio University. He has a Ph.D. degree in biochemistry from Northwestern University. His current research interests include control mechanisms in the regula- tion of genetic expression, genetic recombination in eucaryotes, mam- malian recombinant gene transfer, and biotechnology. NAMES E. WOMACK Womack is the W. P. Luse Endowed Pro- fessor of the Department of Veterinary Pathology in the College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University. He has a Ph.D. degree in genetics from Oregon State University. His research interests in- clude biochemical and comparative genetics of mammals, the physi- ological significance of isozyme and DNA polymorphisms, animal models of human genetic disease, developmental genetics, and orga- nization of the mammalian genome.