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APPENDIX A RELATED MATERIALS Tables 1: Science and Engineering Occupations in the Federal Government, 39 2: Selected Data Elements in the Central Personnel Data File, 40 3: Full-Time Permanent Scientists and Engineers, by Agency and Grade, September 1988, 41 4: Full-Time Permanent Scientists and Engineers, by Agency and Highest Degree at Hire, September 1978 and September 1988, 42 Full-Time Permanent Scientists and Engineers, by Agency and Tenure, September 1988, 43 6: Separation Rates of Scientists, Engineers, and Computer Specialists (Full-Time Permanent, General Schedule and Equivalent), FY 1986-1988 (in percent), 44 Separation Rates of Scientists, by Type (Full-Time Permanent, General Schedule and Equivalent), FY 1986-1988 (in percent), 45 8: Turnover in Federal Science and Engineering Occupations (Full-Time Permanent, General Schedule and Equivalent), FY 1978 and 1988, 46 9: Engineer, Scientist, and Mathematician Direct-Hire Authorities, as of April 1990, 51 10: Special Salary Rates, as of February 1990, 52 Appointments Relating to the Conduct of Federal Science and Engineering, 62 OPM Scientists and Engineers Survey, 67 (27

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TABLE 1: Science and Engineering Occupations in the Federal Government Occupation SOCIAL SCIENCE, PSYCHOLOGY AND WELFARE GROUP 101 110 131 150 180 184 190 193 Social Science E. conomlcs International Relations Geography Psychology Sociology General Anthropology Anthropology COMPUTER SPECIALIST BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 401 General 403 405 406 408 410 413 414 415 Microbiology Pharmacology Agricultural Extension Ecology Zoology Physiology Entomology Toxicology AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES 430 Botany 434 Plant Pathology 435 Plant Physiology 436 Plant Protection and Quarantine 437 Horticulture 440 Genetics 454 Range Conservation 457 Soil Conservation 460 Forestry 470 Soil Science 471 Agronomy 475 Agricultural Management 480 General Fish and Wildlife Admin 482 Fishery Biology 485 ~ ~ ~ ~ 486 487 Wildlife Refuge Management Wildlife Biology Animal Science Occupation ENGINEERING 801 General 803 Safety 804 Fire Prevention 806 Materials 808 Architecture 809 Construction Control 810 Civil 819 Environmental 830 Mechanical 840 Nuclear 850 Electrical 854 Computer 855 Electronics 858 Biomedical 861 Aerospace 871 Naval Architecture 880 Mining 881 Petroleum 890 Agricultural 892 Ceramic 893 Chemical 894 Welding 896 Industrial PHYSICAL SCIENCES 1301 General 1306 Health Physics 1310 Physics 1313 Geophysics 1315 Hydrology 1320 Chemistry 1321 Metallurgy 1330 Astronomy and Space 1340 Meteorology 1350 Geology 1360 Oceanography 1370 Cartography 1372 Geodesy 1380 Forest Products Technology 1382 Food Technology 1384 Textile Technology MATHEMATICAL AND COMPUTER SCIENCES 1510 Actuarial Science 1530 Statistics 1515 Operations Research 1540 Cryptography 1520 Mathematics 1550 Computer Science 1529 Mathematical Statistics SOURCE: Office of Personnel Management, 1990. 39

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TABLE 2: Selected Data Elements in the Central Personnel Data File Agency Code and Subelement Current Appointment Authority Effective Date of Personnel Action Professional, Administrative, Technical, Clerical, Other Category Functional Classification of Scientists and Engineers Position Occupied General Schedule Equivalent Grade Step/Rate Salary Type of Appointment Tenure Geographic Location of Duty Station Metropolitan Statistical Area Occupational Series Performance Level Supervisory Status Civil Service Retirement System Coverage Federal Employee Retirement System Coverage Data of Birth Citizenship Status Race and National Origin Sex Social Security Number Academic Discipline Year Degree Attained Education Level and Degree at Hire SOURCE: U.S. Office of Personnel Management 40

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Department of Energy Under Secretary John C. Tuck PAS Assistant Secretary Int'1 Affs & Energy Emergencies John J. Easton, Jr. PAS Environment, Safety & Health act: Peter N. Brush PAS Conservation & Renewable Energy J. Michael Davis PAS Defense Programs Victor Stello, Jr. PAS Nuclear Energy William Young PAS Fossil Energy act:Michael McElwrath PAS Director Civilian Radioactive Waste Mgmt. act: Samuel Rousso PAS Office of Alcohol Fuels David M. L. Lindahl PAS Office of Energy Research act: James Decker PAS Administrator Economic Regulatory Administration Chandler van Orman PAS Energy Information Administration H. A. Merklein PAS Department of Health and Human Services Assistant Secretary Human Development Mary Gall PAS Health James Mason PAS Surgeon General Antonia Novello PAS Administrator Alcohol, Drug Abuse, & Mental Health Administration Frederick K. Goodwin PAS Director Centers for Disease Control William Roper PAS National Institutes of Health act: William Raub PAS Public Health Service James Eagen PAS National Cancer Institute Vincent DeVita, Jr. PAS Nat'1 Institute for Occupational Safety & Health J. Donald Millar SES Commissioner Food & Drug Administration act: James Bensen PAS Department of the Interior Assistant Secretary Fish, Wildlife, & Parks Constance Hamman PAS Water & Science John Sayre PAS Land & Minerals Management David C. O'Neal PAS Director U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service John F. Turner PAS Bureau of Mines Thomas S. Ary PAS U.S. Geological Survey Dallas L. Peck PAS Office of Surface Mining Harry Snyder PAS Commissioner, Bureau of Reclamation Dennis Underwood PAS Department of Labor Assistant Secretary Policy Jennifer Dorne PAS Occupational Safety and Health Alan McMillan PAS Mine Safety & Health David O'Neal PAS 64

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Commissioner, Bureau of Labor Statistics Janet L. Norwood PAS Director, Women's Bureau Bonnie Friedman PAS Department of State Under Secretary Economic Affairs Richard T. McCormack PAS Security Assistance, Science & Technology Edward J. Derwinski PAS Assistant Secretary Oceans & Int'1 Environmental & Scientific Affairs Curtis Bohlen PAS Department of Transportation Administrator Federal Aviation Administration James B. Busey PAS Federal Highway Administration Thomas Larson PAS Federal Railroad Administration Gilbert Carmichael PAS Natl Highway Traffic Safety Admin Jerry Ralph Curry PAS Urban Mass Transit Admin Brian W. Clymer PAS Mantime Administration Warren Labeck PAS Resrch & Special Programs Admin Travis Dungan PAS Department of the Treasury Asst Secretary, Economic Policy Sidney L. Jones PAS III. Independent Agencies and Government Corporations Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System Chairman Alan Greenspan PAS Vice Chairman Manuel H. Johnson PAS Governors Ed. W. Kelley, Jr. PAS Wayne D. Angell PAS Martha R. Seger PAS John P. LaWare PAS vacant PAS Consumer Product Safety Commission Chairman Jacqueline Jones-Smith PAS Commissioners Anne M. Graham PAS Carol G. Dawson PAS vacant PAS vacant PAS Environmental Protection Agency Administrator William K. Reilly PAS Deputy Administrator F. Henry Habich PAS Assistant Administrator Policy, Planning, & Evaluation Clarence Davies PAS Water Lajuana Wilcher PAS Solid Waste & Emergency Donald Clay PAS Air & Radiation William Rosenberg PAS Pesticides & Toxic Substances Linda J. Fisher PAS Research & Development Erich Bretthauer PAS 65

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Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Chairman Martin L. Allday PAS Commissioners . Charles A. Trabandt PAS Charles G. S talon PAS Elizabeth Moler PAS vacant PAS Federal Maritime Commission Chairman act: James J. Carey PAS Vice Chairman vacant PAS Commissioners William D. Hathaway PAS Francis J. Ivancie PAS vacant PAS Agency for International Development Assistant Administrator Program & Policy Reginald J. Brown PAS Science & Technology act: Richard Bissell PAS National Aeronautics and Space Administration Administrator Richard H. Truly PAS Deputy Administrator James R. Thompson PAS Associate Administrator Aeronautics & Space Technology Arnold D. Aldrich SES Space Science & Applications Lennard A. Fisk SES National Science Foundation Director Erich Bloch PAS Deputy Director Frederick Bernthal PAS Assistant Director Geosciences Robert Corell SES Biological, Behavioral, & Social Sciences Mary Clutter SES Mathematical & Physical Sciences act: Kent Wilson SES Education & Human Resources Luther Williams SES Engineering John White SES Scientific, Technological, & Intemationl Affairs F. Karl Willenbrock SES Nuclear Regulatory Commission Chairman Kenneth M. Carr PAS Commissioners Thomas M. Roberts PAS James R. Curtiss PAS Kenneth C. Rogers PAS Forrest J. Remick PAS NOTES: Only full-time positions that are compensated are listed. "Acting" usually means that a career employee holds the position temporarily until the political appointment process is worked through; "vacant" means that no one, appointed or career, is now in that position: PA = Presidential appointment; PAS = Presidential appointment, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; SES = Senior Executive Service. SOURCE: United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions, published by the U.S. Government Printing Office for the House of Representatives Committee on Post Office and Civil Service (data verified on May 25, 1990~. 66

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$~Yn^~'l~t SCIENTIST AND ENGINEERS SURVEY- DO NOT FOLD, STAPI~, TEAR OR PAPER CUP THIS FORM DO NOT SUBMIT PHOTOCOPIES OF THIS FOR NI We can process this information only if you: 1) Use a number 2 lead pencil. 2) Completely blacken each oval you choose. 3) Completely erase any mistakes or stray marks. PRINT YOUR RESPONSE IN I THE APPRo~Y~Ls ~E NO. 2 PENCIL ONLY _ ~ l If SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER .[ ~ ~ rr ~1 ~ ~ i I: I.~2 I ~I ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 4~ ~ ~ ..~. D =~2 [. [~.~x r r ~ ~;E :: :L 1: 1 ~ i ~an, lo_ r~ tt Betiding? =Too 1j _rOO si ' "Too 10% ' = rOD 25^ ~ Too 50 ~ Lower 5~0q' to 2 6 ~ Lower 25 i to 1 ~ Ut*~wn. ~ please Print Last Name First ~ 1 ' SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER I_ ~ ~ ~ 3D 430 ~ 3S ~ (if ~ ~;3 A) ~ I) 3 3 (my ~- A) ;~2 [2 AL ~ ~.[ Hi) `= `= ~ 3 I,. ~3 `~3 =: ~` ~;~ 3D ~)~ CD :D ~ 2 ~i;~' Cam) ~; ~ A) A; ED ~ ~) A) 3 2 What i-. the HIGHEST. DEGREE you have oame,d. and when was it awarded7 (Note: If you have two equivalent degrees em 2 masters or 2 Ph.Ds, please indicate the highest degree that was most recently earned.) A. O High Schod Diploma Year Hi - ~t _, ~ 9 B. ~ Associate s Degree Duo Awarded? C. '_ Bachelor s Degree D. C Master s Degree E. G Doctorate Dew - 3D GB a: :D (D :D~ ;L What was your overall undergraduate grade point average (GPA)? Your GPA in your rnaior fiek! of study? Your GPA for your last two years7 NOW ~ ~ ~0 -~0 C - 2.0 IF YOUR ANSWER TO QUESTION 2 WAS "A" OR "B. SICIP TO QUESTION 8, OTHERWISE, CONTINUE ON TO QUE8T10. 3. 3 In what year was your bachelor's _' 1 9 degree awarded? 4 What was your undergraduate overall class standing? _ Top 1 at 1~ the hl_t i_ Top 5qO p ~-~ -ge Cow Top 10% ~ ~ cola_ G Top 2548 ma_ ,~ Top 509S Lower 50% to 26% _ Lower 25%0 to 1% _ Unknown !i 1 31 t~ AT ' By. 'I ~ I GPA OVERAU I a:.= =.= ~.C~ m.~ .m ~ m m ~ :nown O Unknown ._ Unknown GI3A JU.IIOR/SENIOR IN MAJOR GPA ~T cr. =._ Ma: By. a).Gt =.~ m. ~m.3 .: .! . ~.` . ~.~ . ~. . ~. ~.ooo.~.coooooooooooooo 0000455 Pegs 1 Edge,-~ lasso

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6 What was your major as an undergraduate? Enter the three digit code from the list in the instructions. 7 From what institution was your HIGHEST DEGREE awarded7 Hi) ( Yes O No 1 1 1 1 09C~ m~= Hi:) Hi) 3 A) 1 1 1 3 (A CO ~ cc cO cE ~C30 ==CD~ D E: 3i) Con GD DG:)CDt~ ~C~CE =~CT ICON DICE 16 If you are an ENGINEER, what is your professional status? G Registered Professional Engineer Ci Engineer-ln-Training/Engineering Intern ~ Not Registered or Certified 17 What is your civil service functional classification? (Refer to the instructions for definitions of functional classifications. Select only one of the options given below.) `~ Development ~ Design ;~ Installations Operations. Maintenance C Test and Evaluation `~ Production Research ;.' i Data Collection, Processing, Analysis ~ Other, Not Provided on List Page 2

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18 What is your current OR ec~u~ivalent grade and 22 How many FTE yeam of professional stop/leved? experience have you had in jobs using ~ I TYPE GRAD~E STEP/SES LEVEL the knowledge. ~kills, and abilities in CD ':I O GS ~ 5 ~ 2 which you were formally trained? ~ CI _ SES | _ 9 ~_ 3 ~ 2 3 Did you enter the Federal workforce as a of} _ 13 _ 6 _ Co-op Program = Intemsh~p Program . Other Special Program ~ Post-Occtoral Progr m 17 10 24 Within six months of attaining your highest 1 18 ~ degree. how many formal offers of employment deaf you receive? 19 In what year did you enter FEDERAL GOVERN- _ O _ 2 _ 4 _ More than 5 MENT SERVICE as a scientist or engineer, and | ~ ~~ 3 - 5 = N/A. (O'd nor seek employment what was your entry-level type and grade? I YEAR TYPE ~ GS o _ GM 1 ~ SES 2- _ Other 3 4' 5^ ~ 2 '[ ,. ~ _ Unknown GRADE 5 7 _ 9 1 1 _ 12 : 13 ~ 14 1 5 _ 16 _ 1 7 _ 18 I STEP/SES LEVEL . 1 _ 2 _ 3 _ _ _ ~ . 6 _ 7 _ 8 _ 9 _ 10 ~ Unknown 20 In what year did you join your CURRENT AGENCY as a scientist or engineer, and what was your entry-level type and grade? YEAR TYPE l ~ GS GM 1 .: SES .[ _ Other of; I. .,[ 7% ~ .r I. ~ _ Unknown GRADE : 5 _ 7 . 9 _ 11 _ 12 _ 13 _ 14 _ 15 _ 16 _ 17 _ 18 STEP/SES LEVEL _ 1 _ 2 _ _ _ 4 5 _ 6 7 - O ._ cat _, 9 - _ 10 ~ Unknown 21 How many total full~time equivalent (FTE)* years of professional experience have you had in each of the following employment sectored (Roand to the nearest year and indicate O it less than ~ months.) WE to Add" tOT" ~ ~ "L _-x~ (-.~. ~ d _-~ _V--~ Is to EXCLUDE ~ ~ ~ _ CIVItIAlI ACTIVE DUTY GOVERNMENT I.NUTARY YEARS YEARS 3 I 3D '3D ~ I' '3 '~1 ;r,[ ,T, 'Ll \ .~ (3 ~ ME 'for ~I_ Page 3 PRIVATE SECTOR To = (D~ Id; 7% :[ .! OTHER YEAR' l 1 ~)3 2;I' 3 'I) 3 ' .t :[,; .~ 25 Which of the following factor(s} were most influential i your decision to accept YOUR CURRENT JOB7 (Multiple answers acceptable.) . Geographic location of employment ~ Proximity to public transportation .~ Proximity to other ~ndustry/Govemment ~ Proximity to universities .~ Cost of living In locality . Salary earning potential : Benefits ~ Opportunity for professional achievement _ Opportunity for advancement ~ Fac~lit~es/equ~prnent _ Job security _ Type of work (e.g. challenging work) ~ Lack of other Job offers _ Reputation of organization = Reputation of colleagues ~ Reputation of the Civil Service .~ Training opportunities ~. Financial support for continu~n~g education _ Opportunity to contribute to national priorities and Issues 26 In your current position, how many hours arc in your typical work week? (Include both your regular hours and additional time beyond your regular weekly hours.) _ 40 or less _ 51-55 = 41-45 = 56-60 46-50 _ More than 60 27 Were you employed by an academic institution (in a teaching capacity) secondary to your full-time job during the past 3 veare? ;~8 During the past 12 months, did any rep-sentative of an outside company or govemment agency contact you regarding an offer of profesaonaJ employment? _ Yes ~ No 29 During the past 12 months, did you express interest in or explore the possibility of a new job? _ Yeas _ No

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JO Am_ ~ ~ QUEST10~ 29, SKIP TO QUES11011 32, OT-RW1SE GO ON 70 :-HE ICIEST QUE~OI L 30 Wh - e was the job(~) for which you applied? (Multiple answers acceptable.) ~ In the federal Government ~ In State or Local Governments = In the Private Sector 31 Whech of the following factor(s) were MOST important in Vow interest in leaving or decmon to leave Vow current position? (Multiple answers acceptable.) ~ Better pay ~ Better benefits _ More affordable cost of 1~v~ng = Greater oPpo~un,ty for professional achievement _ Greater opportune for professional advancement _ More challenging work _ Greater satisfaction VV~th lob respons~b~i~t~es Seeking fewer bureaucratic constraints _ freedom from extensive contract nnon~tor,ng _ More educational opportunities _ Wore Intellectually stimulating colleagues _ Retter reputation of emoloyer/organ~zat~on _, More recognition for professional contributions ~ Change In technical area fun More cIencal/techn~cal support I_ Better fac~l~t~es/equ~oment _ More Job security ~ Shorter wowing hours _ Geograpt'~ location of new employer _ Impact of ethics and procurement Naples or laws 32 Of tho" scientists and engorge" whom you know personally, which of the following reason(~) were MOST important in sheer decialon to voluntarily leave their Federal position to accept non-Federal employment? (Muttip~e answers acceptable.) ~ Better pay O Betty benefits ~ More affordable cost of living _ ~ , , J Heater opportunity for professional achievement O Greater o~un~ry for profess~naJ a~dvancern~t O More chafing rig work ~ Greater sat~stact~on with lob respon~lities Go) Seeking fewer bureaucratic co~tra~nts O Froedorn from extensive contract ma~to~g Hi) More educat)onai opportun~tms O More ~ntelbcn~aJly stag Chileans C Better reputation of e~byer/organ~zatK,n O More roco~non for profess contr~but~ns O Charm ~ to area O More clencal/tect~cal support O Better faalitms/scF~nt more fob sooty O Shorter work ng hows O Geographic location of new employer Go) Impact of ethics arid procurement rules or laws O Do not pemonaily know any departed schists or engineers _ _ _ In how many professional soaet~es or associations do you hod rnemb~p7 (hd~t~ for your specialty field only.) 0 1 2 3 ~5-9 10+ Internat ~_ - = . National _ _ _ State ~;_ ~ Local ~ _ - _ 34 Do you now hod office or chair a committee in ore or more profes~ona' societies/associat~ons? ~ Yes ~ ~ 35 Oaring your profess career, have you been selected as a fellow or a member in any of the following socioti.~? Profession Sooty or A~non National Academy of Sciences bla~'onal Academy of Erg fELLOW MEMBER 36 hisve you received any of the following awards during the east 12 months or Dew to that period? (lf so, mark PRIOR ~ THE PAST 12 pAsr l 2 MONTHS M084THS Perfo'Tr~e Cast,/Award. nchid~ PAIRS Beneficial Suggestion Award Special Act or Service Award President s Award for O'st~shed Federal Service Quality Step Increase Susta~r~ed Superior Per~forrnance SES Distu~ushed Presents Rank Award SES Meritorious Pres~d~t~al Rank Award Professing Soci~W Award Four~dat~on Award Fores Govemment Award Citation In Who s Who Arthur S. Fleming Award Other srtclF,: . all that apply.) Page

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37 How many pubikations have you had in each of the following categories during the past five years? TOTAL HER OF ~J.LICAT10 - DURII" TINE P - T FIVE YES Books Chapters In Books Monographs Technical Reports Articles Book Reviews Conference Papers/Presentat~ons Other 38 How many patents have you applied for or had Hinted in the past 12 months and prior to that period? NUMBER Of PATENTS 0 1 2-4 5-9 10-19 20+ Applied for in the past 12 months _ _ O .= O G Granted in the past 12 months _ _ ~ O O Applied for prior to the past 12 months = = O O 3 3 (wanted prior to the past 12 months = _ 3 O ~ 39 Which of the following BEST describes your current supervisory/managerial responsibilities7 (Mark only one.) ;_ Little or no supervisory resoons~b~lities ~ Team leader or program manager providing only technical director _ (directly supervise engineers. scientists. and/or technicians ~ [)irectly supervise only non-techn~cal staff few. clench/ support personae ) , _ General managerial responsibilities (includes oversight of units of technical and non-techn~cal personnel. with units run by supervisory personnel) 40 What is the total number of employees (technical and/or non-techn~cal) that you suporvi~/manage? CO =2-to50 _1 or2 551 tO 100 '=3Or4 G10-ito1000 35 to 7 '~~bre than 1000 ~ 8 to 20 41 Phase rate each of the fdbwing work related factor ~ in terms of how they facilitate efficient and effective ~ completion of your wortc/products. _ H' EAET S EITHE ES Co~F~ELYo. aFo5lHU'Te$~'EeSs ~- Faalit~es (e.g space _ equipment) of) of). (D 3 ~_ Technical support 3 Hi) 3 ~_ Clencal support ~GO ~_ Proximity of work group A) ~O ~3 _ Availability of good inforrnat~n ~$' _ Knowledge/sk~lls of co-workers A) ~. ~_ Quality of new hires (A A) ~; ~_ Personal knowledge and skills ~=. ~; ~_ independence in setting goad. _ schedules. pnort~s CD A) :L ~_ Administrative paperwork He) ~_ Supervisory expectator ~;; ~Gil) ~_ Reguiar~ons and procedures _ related to con~racts/purchasir~g ~A) (D ~_ Person rHtiative/motivatK,n a) A) CD ~. ~_ 142 Please rate your satisfaction with each of the _ I following factors: NEITHER VER SA ISFIED NOR VERY ~ DlSSATl~flED DISSATISFIED SATISFIED ~ of) ~(A 3 ~ Challerge/interest associated _ with your work CD A) A) ~~ Your pay ~a) 3 (A CD ~ Your productivity 3 A) Go ;0 9 ~ ~(A 3 A) _ - .= ,= ~_ _ ~C[) A) ~_ - ~) ~CE) 3 ~_ _ ~3 3 ~_ A) At) ~AL _ _ ~CD ~_ 3 CD hi) ~_ _ ~CD ~_ - CE) CD (; ~_ CD ~t ~_ 2) GE) ~- - _` a) Cal) ~ cc) A) 3 3 ~~ , work grow ~CD ~~ - - a: 3 By, ' ~ ' ID. (D 3 3; 3 ~ ~ ' GO (D ']: $ . 'A ;:~ (A CO CD A) .,~ Your fob of) (A C]) ~a) 3 (A CE) 3 A) GO ;O 9 KD CO Cal 3 hi) Output of your works Soup Your interest In meeting organizational objectives Quality of new hires Your group s interest in meet leg organizational objectives Your progress Stun the orgar~zation Q) ~3 3 Your potential for advancement (D ~D . Training oppo~ties provided by your employer Yow Immediate supervisor Your overall supervision Your organization s receptivity to new technokogy/ideas Your or`,ani2ation s intent in oyeo wetfam/sat~sfa~ction Working conditions Working for ~ Feds Govemrrmnt corrupted to the private sector Working for your agency compared to other Federal departments The service orientation of YOU (D By) CD O) 3 ~ A) (D CD a, ~ ~ 2 Cat CD t.~ ~> CI) ~ CI) Go A) CD A) ~ A) CD a) CO CO A) 3 CO A: ~ (D CD Cad

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QUESTIONS 43 TO 49 AR Fuji SUPERVISORS/ MANAGERS OF SCIE-Its; ING PERSONNEL ONLY. IF YOU HAVE NO .0PERVl- SORY/MANAGERIAL RESPONSIBILITIES OR SUPER- VISE/MANAGE NON-TECHNICAL STAFF ONLY, SKIP TO QUESTION 50. 43 In general, how many months of in-house, on-the- job training are required for entry-level scientists and engineers (S/Es) before they can function productively in your organization? ~ Less than 3 months ~ 13 to 15 months 4 to 6 Owns ~ :16 to 18 months 7 to 9 months _' More than 18 months 10 to 12 months 44 What skills and attributes, if any, do you believe current entry-level S/Es in your organization are lacking? (Mark all that apply.) ;~ Technical knowledge in specialty field :~ Ability to apply technical skill ~ Cross disciplinary skills .~ Understanding of non-technical factors (i.e.. costs, marketing) Group interaction skills ~ IVlanagement skills : Oral communication skills .-: Written communication skills . Initiative . Creativity and ingenuity Commitment to organizational goals and objectives ~ Service orientation _ Other 45 For each of the following time periods, how do you think the typical entry level S/E recruited by your organization compares in overall quality to the typical candidate in the potentially available S/E applicant pool? ('mop 25," for example, would mean that you believe the typical entry level new hire was among the top 25% in the potentially available applicant pool.) NEW S/E RECRUIT COMPARED WITH AVAILABLE S/E POOL 1 970's 1 980's Top 25o - O Top 50 ~TO O ~ over o0- , ~O Louver 20: '_' C Don ~ know ~ 0 46 How do you think the overall quality of the typical S/E in your organization compares with the national S/E population during the last two decades? TYPICAL StE COMPARED WITH S/E POPULATION Top 25 Tor: 50 ? Lo'{.'6r 50~ .~v~r 25 C)cn~ knock 1 970's 1 980's C O .- I. G C i_ i_ `.. _. a_ 47 Which of the following factor(s) affect the decisions made by S/Es in your organization regarding employment (i.e., to accept employment, not to accept, to leave, and/or to remain)? (Multiple answers acceptable.) DON'T ACCEPT ACCEPT LEAVE REMAIN Geographic location of employment O O O 0 Proximity to public transportation O O O O Proximity to other industry/ government O O O O Proximity to universities O O O O Cost of living in locality O O O O Salary. earning potential O O O O Benefits O O O O Opportunity for professional achievement O O O O Opportunity for professional advancement O O O O Facilities/equipment O O O O Job security O O O O Type of work (e.g.. challenging work) Lack of other job offers Reputation of organization Reputation of colleagues Reputation of the Civil Service Training opportunities Financial support for continuing education Opportunity to contribute to important national objectives 48 What is your estimate of the quality of S/Es that left your agency during the 1970's and 1980's? Of those who left, estimate the percentage falling into each of the three quality levels shown. Your percentages should total 100 for each time period. 1 970's TOP QUARTER _ 3 CO Con I'm 3D CE ~,r,7 ;~ CE '9 MIDDLE I 5D ~2 3CE ; ~ C3D @) CE , t~ CE, BOTTOM QUARTER l % 1 m m Am: 3(~ = city == ACE h O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O ' ~41 980's ~ i, TOP QUARTER ICE ACT ICE ICE ACT Am: A) CE w Con CE Am: O C O C O C O C O A. o _\ O _ O O MIDDLE 50% Am% 2~: Con C]: Am: CL, CI of) CE Cam BOTTOM Ql3ARTEF -em =5: '~ 'I ACE = Cal; ;I @ 'A ~ 0/o if: - 49 Are you able to recruit and hire S/Es of comparable quality to replace those S/Es who leave your organization? Yes it, Yes. but it s becoming more difficult ONo O Sometimes

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~5 1 50 Did you write your most recent p~om~ance plan, did your supervisor wr*e it, or was it written jointly? ~ I wrote it _ My supervisor wrote it ~ My supervisor and I wrote it = Don't have a performance plan _ Don't know Was your p~foananco pan for this yea, entirely row, was it modified from last year, or was last year's pan used again? O Developed new C Haven't been here two years O Modified '~ Don't know ~ Last year's plan used 52 Overall. would you say your current performance plan is: ~ Only a little challenging _ Near1y Impossible to achieve :_ Moderately challenging = Don't know ~ Very challenging 53 Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with each of the following statements us~nfS the 5 point scale below. STRONGLY NEITHER AGREE STRONGLY - DISAGREE DISAGREE NOR OIS"REE AGREE AGREE - CD ~_ An) ~_ 3 `3 ~_ . ~I. 3 57 In your most recent appraisal, did you have any discussion with your supervisor? O Yes C No O Don't know My current performance plan helps me to set priorities for my job My current performance plan accurately represents the most Important parts of my Job My performance plan takes Into account the creativity and ~nnovativeness In my Job 3 A) My Job does not translate well Into a written performance plan My performance plan helps me to u~derstar~d what Is expected of me ~(Jo 54 What was the month and year of your most recent formal performance appraisal? YEAR l~ Jan l 3D ~= (at At, =x of) `~ C Feb C Mar C Apr C May C Jun C Jul C Aug C Sep t_ Oct C Nov | I= Dec I Enter 95 if you have not been with yaw agency long enough to have a porfonnance appraisal. Please do not anew the remaining questions if 95 has been entered. 55 What was the overall rate you received at that time? O Unsatisfactory O Exceeds fully successful _ Minimally successfu/ O Outstand ng ~ Fully successful O Donut know 56 Confidentially, did you think that this rate was: ~ Too high O Too low Hi) Accurate O Don t know 3 ~ 58 Did you few that discussion was: Z A full discussion O A minimal discussion C Somewhere in between Don t know 59 Was that discussion before, after, or at the same time as the final rating? C Before _ Before and after After ~ Don t know O At the same time 60 Do you feel that your most recent performance appraisal accurately assessed: The City of yaw work The quantity of yow work The timeliness of yaw work The ~nnovativeness of yaw work YES - ~_ _ _ O ~ 6 ~ Please indicate whether you disagree or agree with each of the statements, using the five scale. My ~ ~ p~fam~ ~ was ~ bed on To p~famar~ p - ' My sponsor did not We a far hearing to my vow when dog rTry appraise 0) My so c=~ the perf~rr~ apt of s~c~ to be an ~T~ pert of his a her due P~forrnance a~rasals ~nf~nce persona acme taken in this agency Parfom~ance ad ~ confab because due scar" are forced into a dean wig quotas My stepson evaluates my performance on the that are not part of rely pub to) DON'T W KNOW ._ ~_ _.._ _%_ __ STR0116EYI.EITHER AGREE DISAGREEDISAGREE 40R DISAGREE ~ a) of)=) 3 At) 3 STR0NGL' AGREE AGREE

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