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from that endowment is used as a financial incentive for those living near a tropical forest to practice sustainable forestry. The community retains ownership of the land and interest from the endowment as long as it practices sustainable forestry. The purpose of the endowment is to compensate the community for the additional income it would have received by using current agricultural techniques. At present, this method is being used in Costa Rica (Conservation Fund et al., 1988).

By using these estimates, a cost-effectiveness of


is obtained.


1. Tons (t) are metric; 1 Mt = 1 megaton = 1 million tons.


Conservation Foundation (CF), World Wildlife Fund (WWF), and Fundacion Neotropica (FN). 1988. The Forestry Fund: An Endowment for Forest Protection, Management, and Reforestation in Costa Rica. Washington, D.C.: World Wildlife Fund.

World Resources Institute. 1990. World Resources 1990–91. New York: Oxford University Press.

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