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ROBERT A. FROSCH is vice president at General Motors
Research Laboratories in Warren, Michigan. He was Assistant
Secretary of the Navy for Research and Development from 1966 to
1973. From 1973 to 1975 he was assistant executive director of the
United Nations Environment Programme. He was director of the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration from 1977 to 1981. He
is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.
THOMAS H. LEE is professor emeritus in the Department of
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at Massachusetts
Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He worked at
General Electric for 32 years, and from 1978 to 1980 was staff
executive and chief technologist. From 1980 to 1984 he directed the
Electric Power Systems Engineering Laboratory at Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, and was director of the International
Institute for Applied Systems Analysis from 1984 to 1987. He is a
member of the National Academy of Engineering.
JESSICA TUCHMAN MATHEWS is vice president at the World
Resources Institute in Washington, D.C. A molecular biologist and
policy analyst, she was a professional staff to the United States
Congress House Interior Committee from 1974 to 1975. From 1977 to
1979, she was director of the Office for Global Issues at the
National Security Council.
WILLIAM D. NORDHAUS is professor of economics at Yale
University in New Haven, Connecticut. He was a member of the
Council of Economic Advisors from 1977 to 1979. From 1986 to 1988
he was provost at Yale University.
GORDON H. ORIANS is professor of zoology and was formerly
director of the Institute for Environmental Studies at the
University of Washington in Seattle, Washington. He specializes in
evolution of vertebrate species. He is a member of the National
Academy of Sciences.
STEPHEN H. SCHNEIDER is head of Interdisciplinary Climate
Systems at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder,
Colorado. He is an expert on global climate change models, and is
editor of Climate Change.
MAURICE STRONG served on the Panel until February, 1990
when he resigned due to his commitment to serve as secretary
general to the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development. He was director-general of the External Aid Office of
the Canadian government, and Undersecretary General of the United
Nations with responsibility for environmental affairs. He was chief
executive of the 1972 United Nations Conference on the Human