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Outbreak (food-borne): Two or more persons experience a similar illness after ingesting a common food and epidemiological analysis implicates the food as the source. A few exceptions exist; for example, one case of botulism, seafood toxin poisoning, or chemical poisoning constitutes an outbreak (CDC, 1981a, p. 2).
A case is a person who is clinically ill with a syndrome compatible with food-borne illness, and whose illness in epidemiologically associated with the consumption of food (CDC, 1981a, pp. 42-46).
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Abeyta, C. 1983. Bacteriological quality of fresh seafood products from Seattle retail markets. J. Food Protect. 46:901-909.
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APHA (American Public Health Association). 1985a. In A.E. Greenberg and D.A. Hunt, eds. Recommended Procedures for the Examination of Seawater and Shellfish, 5th ed. American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C. 144 pp.
APHA (American Public Health Association). 1985b. In M.L. Speck, ed. Compendium of Methods for the Microbiological Examination of Foods. American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C. 702 pp.
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Banwart, G.J. 1989. P. 58 in Basic Food Microbiology. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.
Barker, W.H., Jr. 1974. Vibrio parahaemolyticus outbreaks in the United States. Lancet 1:551-554.
Baross, J., and J. Liston. 1970. Occurrence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and related hemolytic vibrios in marine environment of Washington State. Appl. Microbiol. 20:179-186.
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Bier, J.W. 1976. Experimental anisakiasis: Cultivation and temperature tolerance determinations. J. Milk Food. Tech. 39:132-137.
Bier, J.W., T.L. Deardorff, G.J. Jackson, and R.B. Raybourne. 1987. Human anisakiasis. Balliere's Clinical Tropical Medicine and Communicable Diseases 2:723-733.
Black, R.E., M.M. Levine, M.J. Blaser, M.L. Clements, and T.P. Hughes. 1983. Studies of Campylobacter jejuni infection in volunteers. P. 13 in A.D. Pearson, M.B. Skirrow, B. Rowe, J.R. Davis, and D.M. Jones, eds. Campylobacter II: Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Campylobacter Infections held in Brussels, September 8-9, 1983. Public Health Laboratory Service, London, England.
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