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APPENDIX B Contributors The committee acknowledges the valuable Insight and contributions made by the following people and organizations during meetings or Trough correspondence. PIERRE R. AIGRAIN (France), Scientific Advisor to the President, Thomson Group HORST ALBACH (Federal Republic of Germany), President, Berlin Academy of Sciences and Technology PHILIP G. ALTBACH (U.S.A.), Professor. State IJnive.rei~v of No viol, Q. Buffalo ~^ ~ ~- ~V1^ ~L JOHN A. ARMSTRONG (U.S.A.), Vice President for Science and Tt".~.hn~lr`ev IBM Corporation ~, ~ __~eAlVlV~ ~ PETER-MICHAEL ASAM (Federal Republic of Germany), Corporate Research and Technology, Siemens AG GEOFFREY ATKINSON (United Kingdom), Executive Secretary. The Fellowship of Engineering . ~arts for ~ ~,~. art_ '. ~ ~_ . - ~ J ~ A. AU~UDl-;L tU.~.A.), fellow in Science and Public Policy, The Rockefeller University; Director of Studies, Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government LIONEL O. BARTHOLD (U.S.A.), Chairman and Principal Consultant, Power Technologies, Inc. ALDEN BEAN (U.S.A.), Professor and Director, Center for Innovative Management Studies, Lehigh University STEPHEN D. BECHTEL, IR. (U.S.A.), Chairman, Bechtel Group J. C. BELOTE (U.S.A.), Vice President, Bechtel Group 138

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CONTRIBUTORS 139 JENNIFER SUE BOND (U.S.A.), Study Director, International Studies Group, Division of Science Resources Studies, National Science Foundation MICHAEL BORRUS (U.S.A.), BRIE, University of California, Berkeley ROBERT BRAINARD (France), Principal Administrator, Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development HARVEY BROOKS (U.S.A.), Professor, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University GEORGE BUGLL\RELLO (U.S.A.), President, Polytechnic University K. BULTHUIS (The Netherlands), Senior Managing Director, Philips International B.V. JOHN P. CAMPBELL (U.S.A.), Senior Program Officer, Government- University-Industry Research Roundtable for the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine. FRANK CARRUBBA (U.S.A.), Director, Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, Hewlett-Packard Company ARTHUR Y. CHEN (Taiwan), President, Ret-Ser Engineering Agency DONALD A. CHISOLM (Canada), Retired Executive Vice President, Technology and Innovation, Northern Telecom, Ltd. KUN MO CHUNG (Korea), President, Korea Science and Engineering Foundation DAVID E. COLE (U.S.A.), Director, Office for the Study of Automotive Transportation, Transportation Research Institute, The University of Michigan UMBERTO COLUMBO (Italy), Chairman, ENEA, Italian National Agency for R&D Nuclear and Alternative Energy Resource PHILIP M. CONDIT (U.S.A.), Executive Vice President, The Boeing Company RHONDA J. CRANE (U.S.A.), Senior Advisor for Science and Technology, Office of the United States Trade Representative MICHAEL CUSUMANO (U.S.A.), Professor, Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology CARL DAHLMAN (U.S.A.), Industry Development Division, World Bank DONALD A. DAHLSTROM (U.S.A.), Research Professor, Chemical Engineering Department, University of Utah H. G. DANIELMEYER (Federal Republic of Germany), Direktor, Corporate Research and Development, Siemens AG RICHARD D. DELAUER (U.S.A.), Chairman, The Orion Group Ltd. deceased THOMAS F. DONOHUE (U.S.A.), General Manager of Advanced Technology Operations, GE Aircraft Engines SIR DIARMUID DOWNS (United Kingdom), Consultant and Former Chairman, Ricardo Consulting Engineers PLC, Bridge Works JOHN L. DOYLE (U.S.A.), Executive Vice President, Hewlett-Packard Co.

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140 NATIONAL INTERESTS IN AN AGE OF GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY JOHN M. DUTY, JR. (U.S.A.), Vice President and Manager of Engineering, Bechtel Group SIGVARD EKLUND (Austria), Director General Emeritus, International Atomic Energy Agency RICHARD ELLIS (U.S.A.), Engineering Manpower Commission, American Association of Engineering Societies WALTER ENGL (Federal Republic of Germany), Institute fur Theoretischer Elektrotechnik, Rheinische-Westf., Technische Universitat LEO ESAKI (U.S.A.), Fellow, T. J. Watson Research Center, IBM ALAN FECHTER (U.S.A.), Executive Director, Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel, National Research Council MICHAEL FINN (U.S.A.), Director, Studies and Surveys, Executive Director's Office, Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel, National Research Council JOHN W. FISHER (U.S.A.), Professor and Director, ATLSS Engineering Research Center, Lehigh University HANS FORSBERG (Sweden), President, Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences STUART M. FREY (U.S.A.), Vice President, Corporate Quality and Technical Affairs, Ford Motor Company ALBERT J. GRIMARD (U.S.A.), Engineering Operations Section Head, Boston Edison GEORGE H. HEILMEIER (U.S.A.), Senior Vice President and Chief Technical Officer, Texas Instruments BACHARUDDIN J. HABIBIE (Indonesia), Minister of State for Research and Technology RICHARD A. HACKBORN (U.S.A.), Vice President and General Manager, Peripherals Group, Hewlett-Packard WOLF HAFELE (Federal Republic of Germany), Director General, Kernforschungsanlage Juelich GmbH JOHN HAGEDOORN (The Netherlands), Senior Research Fellow, Maastricht Economic Research Institute of Innovation and Technology (MERIT) YOSHINORI HARAGUCHI (Japan), Senior Researcher, R&D Planning Department, Tokyo Electric Power Company MARTHA C. HARRIS (U.S.A.), Director, Office of Japan Affairs, National Research Council JEFFREY A. HART (U.S.A.), Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy (BRIE), University of California, Berkeley ABRAR HASAN (France), Principal Administrator, Central Analysis Division, Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development YOSHIHIDE HASE (Japan), General Manager, Power Systems Division, Toshiba Corporation HERMANN HAWSER (United Kingdom), Vice President, Research, Active Book Company

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CONTRIBUTORS ROBERT HAYES (U.S.A.), Professor, Harvard Business School KEN HEYDON (France), Principal Administrator, Trade Directorate, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development 141 CHRISTOPHER HILL (U.S.A.), Executive Director, Manufacturing Forum, National Academy of Engineering and National Academy of Sciences KEIICHI HORI (Japan), Deputy General Manager, Non-Ferrous New Materials and Semi-Products Department, Sumitomo Corporation MELVIN HORWITCH (U.S.A.), Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology MICHEL HUG (France), C.T.C. HIROSHI INOSE (Japan), Director General, National Center for Science Information System YOKICHI ITOH (Japan), Managing Director, Corporate Research Laboratories, Fuji Xerox Company, Ltd. ISAO IYODA (Japan), Power Systems Section, Energy and Industry Engineering Department, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation THOMAS J. JUDGE (U.S.A.), President and Chief Executive Officer, The Austin Company KATHRYN JACKSON (U.S.A.), NAE Fellow, Program Office, National Academy of Engineering ANDREW L. JACOB (U.S.A.), Secretary, Association of Electric Illuminating Companies GUNTER JAENSCH (Federal Republic of Germany), Corporate Research and Development, Siemens AG ERNEST G. JAWORSKI (U.S.A.), Director of Biological Sciences, Monsanto Company YONGWOOK JUN (Korea), Assistant Professor, College of Business Administration, Chung-Ang University WILLIAM L. KATH (Japan), Senior Managing Director, Mazda Motor Corporation MAKATO KIKUCHI (Japan), Managing Director, Sony Research Center, Sony Corporation YUJI KIMURA (Japan), Nuclear and Electric Power Division, Toyo Engineering Corporation PETER KIRSTEIN (United Kingdom), Chairman, Computer Science Department, University of London HERWIG KOGELNIK (U.S.A.), Director, Photonics Research Laboratory, AT&T Bell Laboratories SHIRO KURIHARA (Japan), Director for Development Program, Moonlight Project, AIST, Ministry of International Trade and Industry KANEYUKI KUROKAWA (Japan), Managing Director, Fujitsu Laboratories, Ltd. CHONG OUK LEE (Korea), Center for Science and Technology Policy, Korea Institute of Science and Technology

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142 NATIONAL INTERESTS IN AN AGE OF GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY KANGHI CELESTE LEE (Korea), Executive Director, Korea Business World KEI-HONG LEE (Korea), Publisher, Korea Business World WILLIAM S. LEE (U.S.A.), Chairman and President, Duke Power Company RICHARD K. LESTER (U.S.A.), Commission on Productivity, Massachusetts Institute of Technology CHANG LIN-TIEN (U.S.A.), Chancellor, University of California, Berkeley HANS LIST (Austria), Chairman, AVL Gmb.H THOMAS C. MAHONEY (U.~.A.) Acting Executive L)lrector, Manutacturing Studies Board, National Research Council ROBERT MALPAS (United Kingdom), Managing Director, British Petroleum Company, PLC CRAIG MARKS (U.S.A.), Vice President, Technology and Productivity Planning, Automotive Sector, Allied-Signal, Inc. SHINJI MATSUMOTO (Japan), General Manager, Construction Engineering Research Department, Institute of Technology, Shimizu Corporation E. R. MCGRATH (U.S.A.), Chairman, Association of Electric Illuminating Companies W. COURTNEY McGREGOR (U.S.A.), Vice President, Technical Development, Xoma Corporation AKIO MITSUF1JJI (Japan), Project Manager, Industrial Systems Engineering Division, Toyo Engineering Corporation TSUNEO MITSUI (Japan), Managing Director, The Tokyo Electric Power Company, Inc. HEE MOCK NOH (Korea), Director, Lucky-Goldstar Economic Research Institute DAVID C. MOWERY (U.S.A.), Professor, University of California, Berkeley PETER MULLER-STOY (Federal Republic of Germany), Corporate Research and Technology, Siemens AG KANJI MURASHIMA (Japan), Associate Board Director, Vice President, Aero-Engine and Space Operations, Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries, Co., Inc. RYOICHI NAKAGAWA (Japan), Senior Technical Advisor, Central Engineering Labs, Nissan Motor Company, Ltd. NEBOJSA NAKICENOVIC (Austria), Technology, Economy and Society Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis KEE DONG NAM (Korea), Vice Chairman, Tong Yang Cement Corporation JURGEN NAUJOKS (Federal Republic of Germany), Corporate Research and Technology, Siemens AG RICHARD NELSON (U.S.A.), Professor, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University TOSHIO NODA (Japan), Corporate Mangement Advisor, Osaka Titanium Company, Ltd. JUNJI NOGUCHI (Japan), Executive Director, Union of Japanese Scientists . . an~ . ~ngmeers

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CONTRIBUTORS 143 AKIO NUMAZAWA (Japan), Executive Vice President, Tokai Rida Company, Ltd. BRIAN OAKLEY (United Kingdom), Chairman, Logica Cambridge Limited MICHEL ODELGA (United Kingdom), Director, International Trade Relations, Rank Xerox Ltd. AKIO OHR (Japan), Senior Manager, Turbine Engineering, Turbine Plant, Planning Department, Toshiba Corporation SHOZO OJIMI (Japan), Board Director of IHI, President of Operations for Aeroengine and Space Operations, Ishikawajima-Harima-Heavy Industries Company Ltd. TAKASHI OKABE (Japan), Executive Director, Nippondenso JAMES Y. OLDSHUE (U.S.A.), Vice President, Mixing Technology, Mixing Equipment Company, Inc. - Unit of General Signal CARLOS S. OSPtNA (Colombia), Senior Partner and Manager, INGETEC WON HEE PARK (Korea), President, Korea Institute of Science and Technology ARNO PENZIAS (U.S.A.), Vice President, Research, AT&T Bell Laboratories LOIS PETERS (U.S.A.), School of Management, Lally Management Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute CORRADO PIRZIO-BIROLI (U.S.A.), Deputy Head of Delegation, European Communities Delegation JOHN H. PROVANZANA (U.S.A.) Manager, Major Transmission Equipment, American Electric Power Company, Inc. ROBERT PRY (Austria), Director, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis MIKE R. REECE (United Kingdom), GEC Hirst Research Centre FRANK W. RIES (U.S.A.), Chairman, Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation GUSTAVO RIVAS-MIJARES (Venezuela), Professor, Central University of Venezuela SIR DENIS ROOKE (United Kingdom), Chairman, British Gas plc DANIEL ROOS (U.S.A.), Professor, Technology and Public Policy Program, Massachusetts Institute of Technology RICHARD ROSENBLOOM (U.S.A.), Professor, Harvard Business School, Harvard University lACQUES ROSSIGNOL (France), Vice President of Engineering, S~CMA SHIOCHI SABA (Japan), Executive Advisor, Toshiba Corporations AKIO SAKURAI (Japan), Director, Planning Division, CRIEPI MASAYUKI SAKURAI (Japan), Group Executive, Technology Information and Communication Group, Toshiba Corporation HAROLD N. SCHERER, JR. (U.S.A), Senior Vice President, Electrical Engineering, American Electric Power Company, Inc. HEINZ SCHWAERTZEL (Federal Republic of Gennany), Corporate Research and Technology, Siemens AG

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144 NATIONAL INTERESTS IN AN AGE OF GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY YASUJI SEKINE (Japan), Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Tokyo PASCAL SENECHAL (France), Director of Technology, SNECMA SATOSHI SHINOZAKI (Japan), Senior Manager, Advanced Memory Technology Department, Semiconductor Device Engineering Laboratory, Toshiba Corporation DENIS FRED SIMON (U.S.A), Associate Professor of International Business Relations, The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University CLAUDIA STAINDL (Austria), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis HELENA STALSON (U.S.A.), Research Consultant BARRY STEVENS (France), Planning and Evaluation Unit, Office of the Secretary General, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development CANDICE STEVENS (France), Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development NORIHASA SUZUKI (Japan) Director, IBM Tokyo Research Laboratories SEISHI SUZUKI (Japan), General Manager, Engineering Department, Shimizu Group, Shimizu Construction Company KOICHI TAKIGUCHI (Japan), Deputy Senior Staff Manager, Xerographic Technology Research Laboratory, Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd. TAKAHITO TANABE (Japan), General Manager, Overseas Planning and Operations Department, Tokai Rika co., Ltd. TARO TANAKA (Japan), President, Nippondenso Co., Ltd. TAKESHI TASHIRO (Japan), Manager, Business Development, Aero-Engine and Space Operations, Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. JOHN TAYLOR (United Kingdom), Director, Bristol Research Center, Hewlett-Packard MYRON B. TRENNE (U.S.A.), General Manager, Corporate Research and Development, Eaton Corporation MASAMI UEDA (Japan), Engineering R&D Administration, Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc. MICHIYUKI UENOHARA (Japan), Executive Advisor, NEC Corporation YOICHI UNNO (Japan), General Manager, Semiconductor Device Engineering Laboratory, Toshiba Corporation GEORGES ANDRE CHARLES VENDRYES (France), Scientific Advisor to the Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission of France RAYMOND VERNON (U.S.A.), Professor Emeritus, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University SHELDON WEINIG (U.S.A.), Chairman and CEO, Materials Research Corporation GUNNAR WESTHOLM (France), Administrator, Scientific, Technological and Industrial Indicators Division, Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

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CONTRIBUTORS 145 STUART R. WE11ERSCHNEIDER (U.S.A.), Vice President, Design & Engineering, The Austin Company CLAUS WEYRICH (Federal Republic of Germany), Corporate Research and Development, Siemens AG DAVID WHEAT (U.S.A.), Vice President, The Boston Capital Group MAURICE V. WILKES (England), Olivetti Research Ltd. F. KARL WILLENBROCK (U.S.A), Assistant Director, Science, Technology and International Affairs, National Science Foundation THOMAS E. WILSON (U.S.A.), Manager GE90 Business Requirement, GE Aircraft Engines PATRICK WINDHAM (U.S.A.), Professional staff member, Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, U.S. Senate NAMES WOMACK (U.S.A.), Massachusetts Institute of Technology GREGORY K. WURZBURG (France), Principal Administrator, Directorate for Social Affairs, Manpower and Education, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development TUNIHIKO YOKOYAMA (Japan), Manager, Secretary's Office, Toshiba Corporation TADAO YOSHIDA (Japan), Director, General Manager Nuclear and Electric Power Department, Toyo Engineering Corporation SHIGEKAZU YOSHIJIMA (Japan), Group Executive, Technology Energy Systems Group, Toshiba Corporation EIICHI ZAIMA (Japan), Senior Research Engineer, Engineering Research Center, Tokyo Electric Power Company JOSEPH F. ZIOMEK (U.S.A.), TRW Vehicle Safety Systems Inc.