Analyses to ensure the committees an adequate level of technical support.
In addition to implementation of a permanent advisory committee and the upgrading of the technical advisory committees, a third step should be taken to achieve greater balance among national security, foreign policy, and economic considerations: economic security must be institutionalized in a national security framework. It was for this reason that the previous Academies' study, the Allen report, recommended that the Commerce and Treasury Departments participate in National Security Council meetings on export controls.
The Department of Commerce is not a statutory member of the National Security Council. This privilege has been reserved for government officials most directly concerned with military security—the President, the vice president, and the secretaries of state and defense. The National Defense Act provides that the President may invite others to NSC deliberations, and statutes over the years have provided for specific individuals to serve as advisors at NSC meetings in particular areas of expertise. Thus, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the director of central intelligence, and the director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency have been designated by statute as advisors.
Because many important national security issues will involve serious economic concerns, those federal agencies responsible for economic matters should be formally brought into the policy process for meetings in which their expertise could serve the national interest. Specifically, the secretary of commerce should be included routinely as an advisor/participant in National Security Council discussions.