9.  

Statement of Soviet President Gorbachev at the 27th Congress of the Communist Party, February 1986; see also ''Political Report of the Central Committee," Pravda, February 2, 1989.

10.  

Dimitri T. Yazov, Pravda, July 27, 1987.

11.  

U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Secretary of Defense, Soviet Military Power, 1990 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1990), pp. 72–102.

12.  

Data adapted from Jane's Defense Weekly, November 11, 1989; U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Secretary of Defense, Soviet Military Power, 1989 (Washington. D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1989), p. 62; Soviet Military Power, 1990, p. 96.

13.  

U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Secretary of Defense, Soviet Military Power, 1990, p. 96.

14.  

U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Secretary of Defense, Soviet Military Power, 1989, p. 62.

15.  

See "U.S.-Soviet Accord on Europe Armies is Reported Near," New York Times, October 4, 1990, p. A1; "Arms Control Catching Up," New York Times, October 5, 1990, p. A7; and "Soviets Said to be Removing Arms from Europe Before Treaty," Washington Post, October 5, 1990, p. A20.

16.  

U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Secretary of Defense, Soviet Military Power, 1990, pp. 97–99; Allan Romberg, "The Future of U.S. Alliances with Japan and Korea," Critical Issues (New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1990), p. 9.

17.  

"Defense White Paper Says 'Soviet Threat' Fades," Tokyo, Kyoto News Service (Reported in Foreign Broadcast Information Service, FBIS-EAS-90-181, September 18, 1990, p. 10).

18.  

U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Secretary of Defense, Soviet Military Power, 1990, pp. 63–71.

19.  

Statement of Secretary of Defense Richard Cheney at the White House, September 17, 1990.

20.  

Alan B. Sherr, unpublished data in personal communication, Center for Foreign Policy Development, Brown University, November 29, 1990.

21.  

See, for example, references to the so-called "500 days" speech by Soviet President Gorbachev in "500 Days to Shake the World" and "Russia Meets the Market," The Economist, September 15. 1990, pp. 13–14, 93–94; and "The Union of the States," The Economist, September 22, 1990, pp. 53–55.

22.  

See, for example, Leonard S. Spector, The Undeclared Bomb: The Spread of Nuclear Weapons, 1987–1988 (Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger, 1988); Leonard S. Spector, Going Nuclear (Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger, 1987); and Janne E. Nolan and Albert D. Wheelon, "Third World Ballistic Missiles," Scientific American, vol. 263, no. 2 (August 1990), pp. 34–40.

23.  

Regarding alleged Libyan use of chemical weapons in Chad, see Elaine Sciolino, "U.S. Sends 2,000 Gas Masks to the Chadians," New York Times, September 25, 1987, p. 4, and Michael Gordon, "U.S. Thinks Libya May Plan to Make Chemical Weapons," New York Times, December 24, 1987, p. 1. For German involvement in Libyan chemical weapons facilities, see Serge Schmemann, "Bonn Will Tighten Curb on Export of Deadly Goods," New York Times, January 11, 1989, p. 1.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement