APPENDIX

E

Selected CASMAIN Vessel Casualty and Fatality Data

Tables follow on next pages



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 199
FISHING VESSEL SAFETY: Blueprint for a National Program APPENDIX E Selected CASMAIN Vessel Casualty and Fatality Data Tables follow on next pages

OCR for page 199
FISHING VESSEL SAFETY: Blueprint for a National Program TABLE E-1 Documented Fishing Industry Vessel Casualties, 1982-1987, by Primary Nature of Casualty Primary Nature of Casualty Number of Vessel Casualties Total Vessel Losses Total Vessel Damages (dollars) Number of Vessel- Related Fatalities CAPSIZING 138 94 32,033,117 114 COLLISION 739 133 28,397,240 20 COLATN: Collision with navigation aid 13 2 473,946   COLBDG: Collision with bridge 14 2 585,623   COLCRS: Collision, crossing 113 10 3,533,480   COLDOC: Collision with pier or dock 5 1 78,052   COLFLO: Collision with floating object 18 8 1,288,000   COLFNC: Collision with fixed object 29 11 1,610,401 1 COLICE: Collision with ice 7 3 435,100   COLLDM: Collision with dike/lock/dam 2 1 109,954   COLMOD: Collision, offshore drlng unit 21 3 1,211,974   COLMTG: Collision, meeting 68 7 2,080,769 2 COLNEC: Collision, not elsewhere class. 54 9 3,695,499 4 COLOTK: Collision, overtaking 61 6 1,653,242 4 COLSPC: Collision, special circumstance 43 4 732,500 1 COLSUO: Collision, submerged object 163 53 7,607,446 5 COLUNK: Collision, unknown 8 1 490,500   ALLIS: Allision (coll inv station ves) 120 12 2,810,758 3 DISAPPEARANCE 20 18 5,622,300 52 GONENT: Disappearance, without trace 13 12 4,904,800 36 GONETR: Disappearance, with trace 7 6 717,500 16

OCR for page 199
FISHING VESSEL SAFETY: Blueprint for a National Program FIRE/EXPLOSION 599 324 114,138,504 14 EXPFUF: Explosion, fuel fire 11 8 911,255   EXPFUN: Explosion, no fuel fire 2 1 40,000   EXPMSF: Explosion, machinery space fire 32 25 14,133,400   EXPMSN: Explosion, mach. space, no fire 5 2 1,011,500   EXPNEC: Explosion, not elsewhere class 7 2 336,100 1 EXPPVF: Explosion, pressure valve, fire 2 2 155,000   EXPUNK: Explosion, unknown 5 3 211,000   FIRELC: Fire, electrical 38 11 15,269,770   FIRFUR: Fire, vessel furnishing 26 7 1,600,470 2 FIRMCS: Fire, machinery space 321 186 51,094,732 4 FIRNEC: Fire, not elsewhere classified 84 47 22,695,100 7 FIRSTR: Fire, vessel structure 61 29 6,551,177   FIRVFU: Fire, vessel fuel 5 1 129,000   FLOODING 645 81 30,846,217 20 FOUNDERING 526 362 85,432,996 96 GROUNDING 912 155 44,354,323 13 GRNDGA: Grounding, accidental 909 154 43,554,323 13 GRNDGI: Grounding, inten. w/ dam. haz. 3 1 800,000  

OCR for page 199
FISHING VESSEL SAFETY: Blueprint for a National Program MATERIAL FAILURE 2,373 100 30,101,895 6 MATAGN: Material failure, aux. gener. 17   50,687   MATBLG: Material failure, bilge system 36 4 336,895   MATCGF: Material failure, freight hndlg 2 1 0   MATCGT: Material failure, tnkr hndlng 1   0   MATCWS: Material failure, cooling sys. 165 3 4,643,501   MATECS: Material failure, elec cntl sys 14   913   MATEDS: Material failure, elec dis sys 67 1 134,139   MATFCS: Material failure, feed & cond 1   100   MATFOS: Material failure, fuel oil sup 214 4 1,264,405   MATGTK: Material failure, ground tackle 19 9 2,970,700 2 MATHCS: Material failure, hyd ctl sys 19 4 838,137   MATHDT: Material failure, hull deter 10 2 296,900   MATHST: Material failure, hull, struct 51 15 3,030,590 2 MATLOS: Material failure, lube oil sup 98 1 1,167,102   MATLSG: Material failure, lifesav equip 1   0 1 MATMEN: Material failure, main engine 642 18 5,320,119   MATMGN: Material failure, main gener. 22   66,085   MATNAV: Material failure, navig equip 6   56,672   MATNEC: Material failure, not else class. 46 6 705,348   MATPCS: Material failure, pneum contl 2   130   MATPRO: Material failure, propeller 69 2 460,995   MATRED: Material failure, reduct gear 267 6 1,067,631   MATSFT: Material failure, shaft system 164 5 2,499,950   MATSWS: Material failure, salt wat sys 57 3 2,188,378   MATVNT: Material failure, vent sys 2   0   SSFAPS: Steering sys failure, aux pwr 4   6,750  

OCR for page 199
FISHING VESSEL SAFETY: Blueprint for a National Program SSFCSS: Steering sys failure, cntl sys 174 6 905,655   SSFNEC: Steering system fail, other 37 2 633,106 1 SSFRAS: Steering sys fail, rdr & shaft 166 8 1,457,007   OTHER 606 31 6,613,355 13 SWAMP: Swamping 15 5 444,000 3 WAKDMG: Wake damage 11   27,775 1 WTHRDM: Weather damage 34 10 2,403,100 1 DISABL: Disabled 521 14 3,212,330 2 BRGBWY: Barge breakaway 7 1 4,000   CARGLD: Cargo, loss or damage 1   0   OTHER: Other 13 1 403,950 2 No primary nature coded 4 0 118,200 4 TOTAL 6,558 1298 377,539,947 348 Source: U.S. Coast Guard 1982-1987 CASMAIN data for fishing industryvessels.

OCR for page 199
FISHING VESSEL SAFETY: Blueprint for a National Program TABLE E-2 Documented Fishing Vessel Casualties, 1982-1987, by Primary Cause of Casualty Primary Cause of Casualty Number of Vessel Casualties Total Vessel Losses Total Vessel Damages (dollars) Number of Vessel-Casualty-Related fatalities HUMAN CAUSES 1,804 258 99,115,257 70 PBPSASD: Bypassed avail safety devices 1       PCALRSK: Calculated risk 28 8 1,304,700 4 PCRLSNS: Carelessness 80 9 2,786,079 3 PDEFEQT: Used defective equipment 9 2 231,900   PDRUNK: Intoxication 5   14,700   PDSGCEX: Design criteria exceeded 7 4 1,348,100   PERRJDG: Error in judgement 203 23 5,179,343 7 PFALACW: Failed to acct for current 46 7 1,133,480 2 PFALANE: Failed to use avail nav equip 8 3 358,000   PFALATR: Failed to acct for tide/riv sg 14   65,050   PFALCAP: Failed to use charts and pubs 9 1 303,475   PFALEPA: Failed to est passing agreemen 15 1 279,000   PFALKPL: Failed to keep proper lookout 146 24 5,738,200 3 PFALKRC: Failed to keep to rgt of chan 2   1,450   PFALPOS: Failed to ascertain position 110 25 5,954,825 6 PFALRTE: Failed to use radiotelephone 5 3 603,500 2 PFALRUL: Failed comply w/rule, reg, pro 34 3 756,652   PFALSPD: Failed to proceed at safe speed 14 1 428,500 3 PFALSTP: Failed to stop 2   14,850   PFALTY: Failed to yield right of way 18 1 262,773   PIMPCCP: Improper casualty control pro 3 1 220,000   PIMPCGS: Improper cargo storage 5 3 331,000   PIMPFLT: Improper/faulty lights/shapes 13 2 325,406 1 PIMPLOD: Improper loading 40 19 16,966,678 28

OCR for page 199
FISHING VESSEL SAFETY: Blueprint for a National Program PIMPMNT: Improper maintenance 211 13 2,052,212   PIMPMOT: Improper mooring/towing 35 10 1,197,330   PIMPMWS: Improper/missing whistle/signal 1 1 77,000   PIMPSCR: Improper securing/rigging 29 2 888,158 2 PIMPSFP: Improper safety precautions 37 8 15,027,100   PINADSP: Inadequate supervision 3 3 2,552,000   PINATT: Inattention to duty 111 12 5,317,458   PLCKEXP: Lack of experience 11 3 682,000   PLCKKNO: Lack of knowledge 35 1 9,545,100   PLCKTNG: Lack of training 3   20,000   POPERER: Operator error 424 54 13,915,990 9 POPNFL: Open flame 3   86,700   PPVTMNT: Preventive maintenance not done 10 1 118,400   PRELFAN: Relied on floating ATON 1       PSVCCEX: Service conditions exceeded 3 1 54,500   PTIRED: Fatigue 33 8 2,535,500   MINSAFT: Inadequate own/op safety prog 3 1 437,000   VINFUEL: Insufficient fuel 34   1,148   VESSEL CAUSES 3,042 288 78,064,944 32 VBRIFA: Brittle fracture 1   200   VCGOSHF: Cargo shift 1 1 125,000   VCORROS: Corrosion 15   20,709   VFATFRA: Fatigue fracture 17   174,634   VFLDFST: Failed fastenings 10 3 60,100   VFLDMEL: Failed materials, electrical 291 29 10,909,397   VFLDMME: Failed materials, mechanical 1,370 57 20,410,037 2 VFLDMOT: Failed materials, other 404 36 13,756,118 2 VFLDMST: Failed materials, structural 324 107 16,393,048 13 VIMPWEL: Improper welding 8   58,985   VINADFF: Inadequate fire-fighting equip 1       VINADLT: Inadequate lighting 2   40,000   VINADMG: Inadequate/missing guarding 5   10,940  

OCR for page 199
FISHING VESSEL SAFETY: Blueprint for a National Program VINADNE: Inadequate navigation equipment 6 1 181,000 3 VINADST: Inadequate stability 18 12 3,395,500 5 VINALUB: Inadequate lubrication 17   75,830   VINHRSP: Inadequate horsepower 3   41,000   VNORMLW: Normal wear 56 3 517,496   VPROFAL: Propulsion failure 110 11 2,341,870 2 VSTRFAL: Steering failure 24 2 356,277 3 VSTRFRA: Stress fracture 3   82,250   VVIBRAT: Vibration 13   124,741   VDRGANC: Dragging anchor 34 17 7,186,300   VFOUPRO: Fouled propellor 291 8 1,341,962 2 MFLTDSG: Faulty design 18 1 461,550   WEATHER/SEA CAUSES 232 83 17,987,853 34 EADVCRT: Adverse current/sea conditions 85 27 7,003,150 14 EADVWTH: Adverse weather 147 56 10,984,703 20 OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL CAUSES 333 80 13,676,209 6 ECHNMNT: Channel not maintained 4       EDEBRIS: Debris 76 10 1,519,342  

OCR for page 199
FISHING VESSEL SAFETY: Blueprint for a National Program EHZBDPC: Hazardous bridge/dock/pier com 1   10,000   EICE: Ice 8 3 259,750   ESHOAL: Shoaling 53 2 789,501   ESUBOBJ: Submerged object 161 59 10,505,741 4 ESUCBBV: Suction bank/bottom/vsl 3   2,055   EUNCCHZ: Uncontrollable channel hazard 4 1 150,000 1 EUNMCHZ: Unmarked channel hazard 16 3 341,420   MIMADLO: Improper AID location 1   3,400   MINADWI: Inadequate width 1 1 45,000   MINADWI: Inadequate AID maintenance 1 1 25,000 1 NVANDAL: Vandalism 4   25,000   UNKNOWN CAUSES 1,147 589 168,695,684 206 PREVNAT: Result of previous nature 2   5,500   NEC: Not elsewhere classified 131 24 5,634,909 1 UNKNOWN: Unknown 1,004 564 162,431,019 201 No primary cause coded 10 1 624,256 4 TOTAL 6,558 1298 377,539,947 348 Source: U.S. Coast Guard 1982-1987 CASMAIN data for fishing industryvessels.

OCR for page 199
FISHING VESSEL SAFETY: Blueprint for a National Program TABLE E-3 Documented Fishing Vessel Casualties, by Primary Nature of Casualty and Study Region, 1982-1987: All Casualties   Study Region   Primary Nature of Casualty North Atlantic South Atlantic Gulf of Mexico West Coast Alaska Other Total Capsizing 13 6 26 43 34 16 138 Collision 158 45 284 104 85 63 739 Disappearance 2 0 3 11 3 1 20 Fire/Explosion 123 55 117 107 113 84 599 Flooding 176 50 150 138 60 71 645 Foundering 112 32 106 123 84 69 526 Grounding 161 162 150 165 195 79 912 Material Failure 733 91 192 928 160 269 2373 Other 210 35 77 187 36 61 606 Total 1,688 476 1,105 1,806 770 713 6,558 Source: U.S. Coast Guard 1982-1987 CASMAIN data for fishing industryvessels.

OCR for page 199
FISHING VESSEL SAFETY: Blueprint for a National Program TABLE E-4 Documented Fishing Vessel Casualties, by Primary Nature of Casualty and Study Region, 1982-1987: Total Vessel Losses   Study Region   Primary Nature of Casualty North Atlantic South Atlantic Gulf of Mexico West Coast Alaska Other Total Capsizing 5 5 13 33 30 8 94 Collision 20 11 50 25 9 18 133 Disappearance 2 0 3 10 3 0 18 Fire/Explosion 49 38 63 61 63 50 324 Flooding 16 5 16 17 21 6 81 Foundering 65 22 68 95 70 42 362 Grounding 16 20 23 33 49 14 155 Material Failure 13 9 24 22 15 17 100 Other 4 4 9 4 8 2 31 Total 190 114 269 300 268 157 1,298 Source: U.S. Coast Guard 1982-1987 CASMAIN data for fishing industryvessels.

OCR for page 199
FISHING VESSEL SAFETY: Blueprint for a National Program TABLE E-5 Documented Fishing Vessel Casualties, by Vessel Length and Study Region: All Casualties   Study Region   Vessel Length (feet) North Atlantic South Atlantic Gulf of Mexico West Coast Alaska Other Total 26-49 586 177 399 1173 416 299 3050 50-64 349 89 254 302 99 124 1217 65-78 433 165 388 201 78 195 1460 79 or more 316 42 61 95 173 92 779 Unknown or <25 4 3 3 35 4 3 52 Total 1,688 476 1,105 1,806 770 713 6,558 Source: U.S. Coast Guard 1982-1987 CASMAIN data for fishing industryvessels.

OCR for page 199
FISHING VESSEL SAFETY: Blueprint for a National Program TABLE E-6 Documented Fishing Vessel Casualties, by Vessel Length and Study Region: All Casualties—Total Vessel Losses   Study Region   Vessel Length (feet) North Atlantic South Atlantic Gulf of Mexico West Coast Alaska Other Total 26-49 62 42 102 192 157 70 625 50-64 48 30 69 49 24 34 254 65-78 51 37 88 34 27 38 275 79 or more 29 3 9 22 58 14 135 Unknown or <25 2 1 3 2 1 9   Total 190 114 269 300 268 157 1,298 Source: U.S. Coast Guard 1982-1987 CASMAIN data for fishing industryvessels.

OCR for page 199
FISHING VESSEL SAFETY: Blueprint for a National Program TABLE E-7 Primary Causes of Non-Vessel-Casualty-Related Commercial Fishing Fatalities, 1982-1987 HUMAN CAUSES 82 Carelesness 15 Failure to use PFD 1 Improper loading/storage 0 Improper supervision 1 Inadequate training 3 Misuse of equipment 1 Psychological factors 3 Unsafe movement (self) 10 Unsafe practice (another) 3 Unsafe practice (self) 34 Intoxication (self) 10 Narcotics 1 VESSEL CAUSES 20 Slippery Deck 2 Equipment failure 7 Chemical reaction 1 Improper maintenance 1 Insufficient ventilation 2 Material failure 2 Physical factors 5 ENVIRONMENTAL CAUSES 10 Weather 10 UNKNOWN 98 Unknown 79 Missing 3 Definition unknown 1 Not elsewhere classified 11 Vessel casualty and adjustment* 4