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Bibliography CLINICAL BIBLIOGRAPHY Bacon, W. E., Smith, G. S. and Baker, S. P. Geographic Variation in the Occurrence of Hip Fracture Among the Elderly White U.S. Population. Amencan Journal of Public Health 79:1556-1558, 1989. Danish Medical Bulletin. The Prevention of Falls in Later Life. A Report of the Kellogg International Work Group on the Prevention of Falls by the Elderly. Special Supplement Series, Vol. 4. April 1987. DeVito, C. A, Lambert, D. A, Sattin, R. W., et al. Fall Injuries Among the Elderly: Community-Based Surveillance. Joumal of Amencan Geriatncs Society 36:1029-1035, 1988. Felson, D. T., Kiel, D. P., Anderson, J. J., et al. Alcohol Consumption and Hip Fractures: The Framingham Study. Amencan Journal of Epidemiology 128:1102-1110, 1988. Fitzgerald, J. F., Fagan, L. F., Tierney, W. M., et al. Changing Patterns of Hip Fracture Care Before and After Implementation of the Prospective Payment System. Journal of American Medical Association 258:218-221, 1987. Fitzgerald, J. F., Moore, P. S. and Dittus, R. S. The Care of Elderly Patients with Hip Fracture. New England Joumal of Medicine 319:1392-1397, 1988. Fowles, J., Bunker, J. P. and Schurman, D. J. Hip Surgery Data Yield Quality Indicators. Business and Health 4:44-46, 1987. Ford, A. B. Reducing the Threat of Hip Fracture. Editorial. Amencan Journal of Public Health 79:269-270, 1989. 43

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44 BIBLIOGRAPHY Fried, L. P. and Bush, T. L. Morbidity as a Focus of Preventive Health Care in the Elderly. Epidemiologic Reviews 10:48-64, 1988. Gartland, J. J. Orthopaedic Clinical Research Deficiencies in Expenmen- tal Design and Determination of Outcomes. Joumal of Bone and Joint Surgery 70A: 1357-1363, 1988. Harris, P. B. Organizational and Staff Attitudinal Determinants of Falls in Nursing Homes. Medical Care 27:737-749, 1989. Hemenway, D., Colditz, G. As, Willett, W. C., et al. Fractures and Lifestyle: Effect of Cigarette Smoking, Alcohol Intake, and Relative Weight on the Risk of Hip and Forearm Fractures in Middle-Aged Women. American Joumal of Public Health 78:1554-1558, 1988. Hogue, C. C. Injury in Late Life: Epidemiology. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 30:183-190, 1982. Hogue, C. C. Mobility. In Schneider, E., Wendlan, C. J., Zimmer, ~ W., et al., eds. The Teaching Nursing Home: A New Approach to Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Care. New York: Raven Press, 1985. Hogue, C. C. Assessing Mobility. In Funk, S. G., ~rnquist, E. M., Cham- paign, M. P., et al., eds. ~ Aspects of Recovery: Improving Nutrition, Rest, and Mobility. New York: Springer, 1990. Hughes, R. G., Garnick, D. W., Luft, H. S., et al. Hospital Volume and Patient Outcomes: The Case of Hip Fracture Patients. Medical Care 26:1057-1067, 1988. Kelsey, J. L. and Hoffman, S. Risk Factors for Hip Fracture. New England Journal of Medicine 316:404-406, 1987. Kennie, D. C., Reid, J., Richardson, I. R., et al. Effectiveness of Geri- atric Rehabilitative Care After Fractures of the Proximal Femur in Elderly Women: A Randomised Clinical Dial. British Medical Journal 297:1083-1086, 1988. Magaziner, J., Simonsick, E. M., Kashner, T. M., et al. Survival Experience of Aged Hip Fracture Patients. American Journal of Public Health 79:274-278, 1989. Martin, ~ D., Silverthorn, K G., Houston, C. S., et al. Hip Fracture fiends inTwoMillion Canadians, 1972-1984.Winnipeg,Manitoba: Sport and Exercise Research Institute, University of Manitoba, 1988. Mossey, J. M., Mutran, E., Knott, K, et al. Determinants of Recover 12 Months after Hip Fracture: The Importance of Psychosocial Factors. American Joumal of Public Health 79:279-286, 1989. Nevitt, M. C., Cummings, S. R., Kidd, S., et al. Risk Factors for Recur- rent Nonsyncopal Falls. Joumal of the American Medical Association 261:2663-2668, 1989. Poss, R. and Sledge, C. B. Orthopedic Surgery. Joumal of the American Medical Association 261:2869-2870, 1989.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY 45 Ray, W. As, Griffin, M. R., Schaffner, W., et al. Psychotropic Drug Use and the Risk of Hip Fracture. New England Joumal of Medicine 316:363- 369, 1987. Ray, W. As, Griffin, M. R., Downey, W., et al. Long-Term Use of Thiazide Diuretics and Risk of Hip Fractures. Lancet 687~90, April 1, 1989. Ray, W. As, Griffin, M. R., and Downey, W. Benzodiazepines of Long and Short Elimination Half-Life and the Risk of Hip Fracture. Joumal of the American Medical Association 262:3303-3307, 1989. Rodriquez, J. G., Sattin, R. W. and Waxweiler, R. J. Incidence of Hip Frac- ture, United States, 197~83. American Joumal of Preventive Medicine 5:175-181, 1989. Roos, ~ L. Non-experimental Data Systems in Surgery. Intemational Joumal of Technology Assessment in Health Care 5:3421-356, 1989 Roos, L. L., Fisher, E. S., Newhouse, J. P., et al. Postsurgical Mortality in Manitoba and New England. Joumal of the American Medical Association. In Press. Rubenstein, L. Z., Robbins, ~ S., Schulman, B. L*, et al. Falls and Instability in the Elderly. Joumal of the American Gena~ics Society 36:266-278, 1988. Sattin, R. W., Nevitt, M. C., Wailer, P. F., et al. Health Promotion and Aging "Injury Prevention". Pp. dl-d20. In Abdellah, F. G., and Moore, S. R., eds. Background Paper for Surgeon Generals Workshop on Health Promotion and Agyng. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Public Health Service, March, 1988. Stewart, ~ L., Greenfield, S., Hays, R. D., et al. Functional Status and Well-Being of Patients with Chronic Conditions Results from the Medical Outcomes Study. Journal of the American Medical Association 262:907-913, 1989. Tinetti, M. E., and Speechley, M. Prevention of Falls Among the Elderly. New England Jountal of Medicine 320:1055-1059, 1989. WORMING PAPERS AND WORK Itl PROGRESS REI^TED TO HIP FRACTURE Bunker, J. P. Cost Effectiveness of Total Hip Replacement. Work in progress. Palo Alto, California: Stanford University. DeVito, C. ~ The Study to Assess Falls Among the Elderly. Phases I & II. Work in progress. Miami: University of Miami. Hayes, W. C., Myers, E. R., Morris, J. N., et al. Fall Biomechanics as Determinants of Hip Fracture RisL Grant from National Institutes of Health. Accepted for presentation. Annual meeting of Orthopaedic Research Society, February 1990.

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46 BIBLIOGRAPHY Hayes, W. C., Myers, E. R., Morris, J. N., et al. Fall Biomechanics as Determinants of Osteoporotic Hip Fracture Risk. Paper presented at the Steenbock Symposium on Osteoporosis, June 1989. Jacobsen, S. J., Goldberg, J., Miles, T. P., et al. Hip Fracture Among the Old and Very Old: A Population-Based Study of 745,435 Cases. Working paper. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Medical College of Wisconsin. Submitted for publication. Lotz, J. C., and Hayes, W. C. Biomechanical Estimates of Hip Fracture Risk Using Quantitative Computed Tomography. Paper presented at the Steenbock Symposium on Osteoporosis, June 1989. Magaziner, J. Determinants of Recovery from Hip Fracture: An Epidemi- ological Study. Work in progress. Baltimore, Maryland: University of Maryland. Funded by National Institute on Aging. Ray, W. ~ Mortality in Michigan Medicare Hip Fracture Patients Before and After Implementation of Prospective Payment. Working paper. Nashville, Tennessee: Vanderbilt University. Submitted for publica- tion. Rimm, ~ ~ and Jacobsen, S. J. The Epidemiology of Hip Fractures: 1984-1987. A National Study Using the HCFA MEDPAR File. Work- ing paper. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. PUBLICATIONS RELATED TO HEALTH STATUS AND QUALITY OF LIFE Ellwood, P. M. Special Report: Shattuck Lecture Outcomes Management. A Technology of Patient Experience. New England Journal of Medicine 318:1549-1556, 1988. Katz, S., ed. The Portugal Conference: Measuring Quality of Life and Functional Status in Clinical and Epidemiologic Research. Proceed- ings. Journal of Chronic Diseases 40~6~:459-650, 1987. Lohr, K N. guest editor. Advances in Health Status Assessment. Proceed- ings of a Conference. Medical Care 27 (March Supplement):S1-S294, 1989. Lohr, K N., and Ware, J. E. Jr., editors. Advances in Health As- sessment Conference Proceedings. Joumal of Chronic Diseases 40 (Supplement):lS-193S, 1987. McDowell, I., and Newell, C. Measuring Health. A Guide to Rating Scales and Questionnaires. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987. Mosteller, F., and Falotico-Taylor, J. Stalin of Life and Technology sessment. Monograph of the Council on Health Care Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1989.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY 47 OTHER MATERIALS Health Care Financing Administration. An excerpt entitled "Medicare sta- tistical system" from Health Care Financing Program Stad*iics. Medicare and Medicaid Data Book, 1986. HCFA Pub. No. 03247. Baltimore, Md.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Care Financing Administration, September 1987. Health Care Financing Administration. Excerpts from the Medicare Staiisa- cal Files ManuaL HCFA Pub. No. 03272. Baltimore, Md: Health Care Financing Administration, Bureau of Data Management and Strategy, July 1988. Health Care Financing Administration. An internal document entitled "Project to Redesign Information Systems Management (PRISM)." Baltimore, Md.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Care Financing Administration, mimeo, no date. i

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