TABLE 7-3 Areas of Study at Teaching and Research Nursing Homes

Institution

Research Activities

University of California, San Diego

Nosocomial infections; predictors of institutionalization; sleep apnea

Yeshiva University

Dementia; osteoarthritis; motor control impairment; age-associated memory failure; congestive heart failure

Harvard University

Syncope and altered blood pressure; homeostasis in the elderly; urinary incontinence; vitamin D physiology and nutrition; risk of institutionalization; Alzheimer's disease: depression, neuroendocrine function

Case Western Reserve University

Respiratory and gastrointestinal infections; immune processes and tuberculosis; visual perception and Alzheimer's disease; neuroendocrine function in Alzheimer's disease

Johns Hopkins University

Metabolic regulation; cardiopulmonary physiology; sleep physiology; neuropsychological function

University of Pennsylvania

Urinary tract infection; regional cerebral structure and function in dementia; sleep apnea

Stanford University

Modifiable factors influencing health status/health care; hormones and hip fractures; cognitive function in diabetics; care in nursing homes

University of Iowa

Parkinson's disease; chronic conditions involving functional or cognitive impairment; interaction of stress and social supports

institutions of origin of scientific papers in 1982, 1983, and 1987 were assessed by ISI and by King Research, Inc., at the request of the Institute of Medicine.

In 1983, about 4,900 papers (or 1.7 percent of the total file of scientific reports) focused on aging; by 1987 the number of age-related research reports had risen to 8,900 (2.7 percent of the total file). The total file increased by 9 percent during this interval, resulting in an absolute increase in published studies on aging of 70 percent. Major areas of growth in the literature were in the neurosciences, including Alzheimer's disease, neurologic aging, cognition/ memory, and Parkinson's disease. Reports in the area of neurological function and Alzheimer's disease increased fourfold. Second in



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