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THE DECADE OF DISCOVERY IN ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS
facilities on the moon. The advanced technology should be testedby obtaining scientific results at each stage of development.
NASA should initiate science and technology development so that facilitiescan be deployed as soon as possible in the lunar program. The NASAoffice responsible for space exploration and technology should supportthe long-term development of technologies suitable for possible lunarobservatories.
Site survey observations from the Lunar Observer(s), possibly withsoft landed experiments such as a small transit telescope, shouldbe a high priority for a lunar program. The requirements for astronomicalobservations should be carefully considered in the selection of thesite for a lunar base.
Multiwavelength (ultraviolet to infrared) observations with a large (16-m-class) telescope and infrared observations with a large, cold infrared telescope in a polar crater, or radio observations from the far side of the moon could offer unprecedented capabilities for astronomy. These projects are, however, formidable technical challenges.
NASA should develop the technology necessary for constructing largetelescopes and should investigate which of these facilities are bestplaced in earth orbit and which are best placed on the moon.
NASA, along with other governmental and international agencies, shouldstrive to have the far side of the moon declared a radio-quiet zone.