TABLE 3.1 Large Nonfederal Telescope Projects

Project

Location

No. of Telescopes × Size

Status

Keck

U.S. (Caltech, Univ. of California)

1 × 10 m

Construction

Very Large Telescope

Europe (ESO)

4 × 8 m

Funded

MMT conversion

U.S. (Smithsonian Inst., Univ. of Arizona)

1 × 6.5 m

Funded

Spectroscopic Survey Telescope

U.S. (Penn State Univ., Univ. of Texas)

1 × 8 m

Proposed

Columbus

U.S. (Ohio State Univ., Univ. of Arizona), Italy

2 × 8 m

Proposed

Japan National Telescope

Japan

1 × 7 m

Proposed

Keck II

U.S. (Caltech, Univ. of California, NASA)

1 × 10 m

Proposed

Magellan

U.S. (Carnegie Inst., Univ. of Arizona, Johns Hopkins Univ.)

1 × 8 m

Proposed

Note: Access to all these telescopes is restricted largely by institutional affiliation or nationality.

community will have access to 40 percent of the telescope time. The 3.5-m ARC telescope is being built by a consortium of universities (University of Chicago, University of Washington, Princeton University, New Mexico State University, and Washington State University). The NSF provided a fraction of the capital funding for ARC with the stipulation that about 10 to 15 percent of the time on the telescope would be available for users outside the consortium. Harvard University and Cambridge University are planning to build a 4-m telescope in the Southern Hemisphere.

LARGE MIRRORS

The Steward Observatory Mirror Laboratory at the University of Arizona operates at the forefront of optical technology and constitutes a crucial element in the U.S. astronomy program. The laboratory is developing advanced techniques of optical design, casting, polishing, and testing, which are necessary to make the 8-m-diameter mirrors needed by the next generation of telescopes (Plate 3.1). The laboratory also plays a unique role in training students in optical engineering and in strengthening interactions between industry, government, and the university community.



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