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Contributors LEWIS M. BRANSCOMB is Professor from Public Service at Harvard Uni- versity and director of the Science, Technology, end Public Policy Program at the John F. Kennedy School of Government. Dr. Branscomb came to Harvard University in October 1986 from the IBM Corporation, where he was vice president and chief scientist and a member of He Corporate Management Board. HARVEY BROOKS is Benjamin Peirce Professor of Technology and Public Policy Emeritus at Harvard University and a member of He National Academy of Engineenng and He National Academy of Sciences. YVES DOZ is associate professor of business policy at He European Institute for Business Policy. His current research interests cover the management of Innovation in large, complex firms, win emphasis on information technologies and phannaceuncal industries. HENRY ERGAS is counsellor in He Advisory Unit to the Secretary-General at die Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), in Paris. He joined the OECD in 1978 and has mainly been responsible for work in the areas of telecommunications, industnal, and made policy. BRUCE R. GUILE is associate director of the Program Office of the National Academy of Engineering. Alvin P. LEHNERD is executive vice president, North American Appliance 259

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260 ABOUT TlIE AUTHORS Group, Allegheny International. Before joining Allegheny International in 1982, Mr. Lehnerd spent 13 years with He Black & Decker Manufac- tunng Company, where his last position was as vice president for advanced technology, new business, and new ventures. JAMES BRIAN QUINN is William and Josephine Buchanan Professor of Management at the Amos Tuck School of Business Administration, Dart- mou~ College. Professor Quinn is a consultant to leading U.S. and foreign companies, the United States and foreign governments, and a number of small enterprises. He has published extensively on strategic planning, entrepreneurship, and technology policy and has served on numerous committees for the National Research Council and the National Academy of Engineering. DAVID J. TEECE is professor of business administration at He School of Business and director of the Center for Research in Management at He University of California, Berkeley. He earned his Ph.D. in economics at the University of Pennsylvania and joined the faculty of die Stanford Business School in 1975. Professor Teece came to the University of California in 1982. JAMES M. UTTERBACK is the director of the hndustrial Liaison Program of the Massachusetts hnstitute of Technology and an associate professor in MIT's School of Engineenng. Since receiving his Ph.D. in the MIT Sloan School's technology management program, Professor Utterback has held faculty positions at Indiana University and the Harvard Business School. RAYMOND VERNON is Clarence Dillon Professor of International Affairs Emeritus at Harvard University. He was formerly the director of Harvard's Center for International Affairs, as well as director of He Multinational Enterprise Study of the Harvard Business School.