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INVERTEBRATES Listings in this section are arranged alphabetically by phylum and class, with individual animals presented alphabetically by common name within classes. In most instances only a phylum heading is used; in some cases division is made at the sub-phylum level. Insofar as is possible, the scientific and common names have been verified using references listed on the following page. The invertebrates in this section are only a sample of the many animals supplied by each company. Even if the specific animal you re- quire is not listed, it may still be available from one of the listed companies. Contact companies in the appropriate geographic region di- rectly to discuss specific requirements. Investigators should recognize that suppliers may not keep wild- caught animals "in stock," and there may be considerable delay in obtain- ing some species. None of the animals in this section are included in the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants (U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, 1979). Any trade in endangered or threatened animals requires a permit from the Federal Wildlife Permit Office, Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C. 20240. Contact them directly for information and appro- priate forms. The following symbols are used in this section: Source CR Availability G REFERENCES: colony reared generally available W available in winter SP available in spring Barnes, R. D. 1974. Invertebrate zoology. Saunders Company, Philadelphia. 870 pp. 106 WC wild caught SU available in summer F available in fall Third edition. W. B.

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107 INVERTEBRATES REFERENCES - cont. Committee on Common Names of Insects. 1978 revised. Common names of insects and related organisms. Entomological Society of America, College Park, MD. 132 pp. Gosner, K. L. 1979. A field guide to the Atlantic seashore. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 329 pp. Hyman, L. H. 1967. The invertebrates: Book Company, New York. 792 pp. Mollusca I. McGraw-Hill Milne, L., and M. Milne. 1972. Invertebrates of North America. Doubleday and Company, Inc., New York. 249 pp. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1979. Title 50-Wildlife and Fisheries, Chapter 1, Part 17-Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants. Federal Register 44(12, Part II): 3635- 3654.

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108 INVERTEBRATES C~ ~~ Scient~fic Name Source Availability Code ANNELI DS OLIGOCHAETES Earthworm, Lumbricus terrestris WC -- Gbs Common Worm, Manure Eisenia foetida CR G Esc POLYCHAETES Worm, Blood Glycera spp. WC G Mrn Nme Glycera dibranchiata WC G Mbc Wonm, Clam Nereis sp. WC G Mrn Nereis virens WC G Mbc Nme Wonm, Tub Phragmatopoma WC G Sea (Honeycombed) californica Worm, Tube Mercierella sp. WC G Dah ARTHROPODS ARACHNIDS Tarantula Aphonopelma spp Tarantula, Orange Brachypelma smith) Knee (Mexican) . WC Mrs Bit Scorpion, South Hadagonesa bicolor WC G Bit African CHILOPEDS Cockroach, Blatta orientalis WC G Zoo Oriental

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109 INVERTEBRATES Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code ARTHROPODS - cont. CRUSTACEANS Barnacle Balanus sp. WC -- Aas G Mrn Mme Sea Copepod Tigriopus cali- WC G Sea fornicus Crab Pachygrapsus WC G Sea crassipes Crab, Arrow Stenorhynchus WC G seticornis Cau Crab, Blue Callinectes sapidus WC -- Aas G Gul SU Mrn G Tcl Crab, Calico Ovalipes sp. WC -- Aas or Lady SP Nme Crab, Fiddler Uca sp. WC -- Aas Uca pugnex Crab, Fiddler (Sand) WC Uca pugilator WC Crab, Hermit Eupagurus bernhardus WC Mrn Gul Mrn Nme Aas Sea Crab, Mud Panopeus sp. WC -- Aas G Mrn Crab, Shore Carcinus maenas WC Aas .Mrn Mme Crab, Spider Libinia sp. WC G Aae Aas Crawfish, Red Procambarus clarkii WC G Dah Swamp, or Southern Crayfish

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110 INVERTEBRATES Common Name ARTHROPODS - cont. CRUSTACEANS - cont. Scientific Name Source Availability Code . _ Crayfish, Fresh- Cambarus sp. WC -- Gbs water G Sws Pacifastacus sp. WC SP, SU, F Dah Lobster, American Homarus americanus CR G Alh WC G Aas Nme Sea Lobster, Spiny Panulirus spp. WC G Cau Pill Bug Oniscus sp. WC G Dah ShrLmp, Gulf Penaeus sp. WC G Tcl (Common) Shrimp, Sand Crangon sp. WC -- Aas Shrimp, Shore Palaemonetes sp. WC -- Aas G Mrn Tcl Palaemonetes pugio WC G Gul Water Flea Daphnia sp. CR G Dah INSECTS Butterfly, Pieris rapae WC -- Gbs Cabbage (European) Cricket, House Acheta domesticus CR G Fcf WC G Fcf Fly, Fruit or Drosophila melano- CR G Sws Vinegar gaster Drosophila pseudob- CR scura Drosophila virilis CR G Sws Sws

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111 INVERTEBRATES Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code ARTHROPODS - cont. INSECTS - cont. Mealworm Tenebrio molitor CR G Gbs Tenmite MEROSTOMES Crab, Horseshoe MYRIAPODS Centipede ASCHELMINTHS ROTIFERS Zootermopsis spp. WC Limulus polyphemus WC Scolopendra sp. WC Rmw Dah G (eggs in SU) G G Aae Gul Mrn Nme Bit Rotifer Brachionis sp. CR G Cau CHORDATES (Subphylum Cephalochordata) Amphioxus or Branchiostoma WC G Gul Florida Lancelet (=Amphioxus) floridae CHORDATES (Subphylum Urochordata) Tunicate Ciona sp. WC G Mrn Nme Stgela sp. WC G Mrn Tunicate, Simple, Ciona intestinalis WC G Sea or Sea Squirt Tunicate, Stalked Stgela montereyensis WC G Sea

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112 DNVERTEBRATES Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code COELENTERATES ANTHOZOANS Anemone, Green Anthopleura WC G Sea xanthogrammica Sea Anemone Condylactis gigantea WC G Aae Cau Metridium sp. WC G Mrn Sea Anemone, Netridium senile WC G Large Nme Sea Sea Anemone, Aiptasia pallida CR G Aae Pale Cau Sea Anemone, Corynactis cali- WC G Sea Red f ornica Sea Pansy Renilla sp. WC G Gul HYDROZOANS Hydra, Brown Pelmatobydra oli- CR G ( Big ) gactis Dah Po lyp, Marine Tubularia sp. WC G Nme SCYPHOZOANS Jellyfish, Cassiopeia sp. WC G Aae Mangrove Cau ECH INODERMS ASTEROIDS Star, Bat Patiria miniata WC G Sea Star, Brittle Ophiothrix spiculata WC G Sea Starfish, Common Asterias sp. WC -- Aas G Nme

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113 INVERTEBRATES Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code ECH I NODERMS - cont. ECHINOIDS Sea Urchin Arbacia sp. WC G Mrn Nme Lytechinus varie- WC SP, SU Gul gatus Strongglocentrotus WC G Mrn sp. Nme Sea Urchin, Arbacia punctulata WC W. SP Gul Atlantic Sea Urchin, Strongglocentrotus WC G Nme Green drobachiensis Sea Urchin, Lytechinus pictis WC SU Pbm Panamanian Sea Urchin, Strongglocentrotus W. SP Pbm Purple purpuratus Urchin, Slate- Eucidaris tribuloides WC G Cau pencil HOLOTHUROIDS Sea Cucumber Eupentacta WC G Sea quinquesemita Sea Cucumber, Cucumaria miniata WC G Sea Red ECHIURA Innkeeper Worm, Urechis caupo WC G Sea Fat l~lOLLUSCS BIVALVES Clam Anodonta sp. WC -- Gbs

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114 INVERTEBRATES Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code MOLLUSCS - cont. BIVALVES - cont. Clam Mercenaria spp. WC G Mrn Nme Mya sp. WC G Mrn Nme Clam, or Mercenaria WC G Gul Quahog campechiensis Clam, Hard-shell, Mercenaria mercenaria WC -- Aas or Quahog Clam, Soft-shell Mya arenaria WC -- Aas Jingle Shell Anomia simpl ex WC Aas Limpet Acmaea spp. WC G Mrn Sea Mussel Mytil us sp. WC G Mrn Mussel, Bay Mytil us edul is WC N MuSSel r Freshwater Mussel, Ribbed Oyster Oyster, Virginia or Eastern or North American Scallop Aas G G G G __ G Octopus, Atlantic Octopus wl garis WC G Aae (Common) Bfa E1 l i ptio crassid ens WC Modiol us demissus WC Crassostrea sp. WC Crassostrea virginica WC Aequi pecten sp. WC Scallop, Bay Aequi pecten irradians WC "Atlantic) CEPHALOPODS Sea Sws Aas Mrn Mrn Aas Mrn

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115 INVERTEBRATES Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code MOLLUSCS - cont. CEPHALOPODS - cont. Squid, Brief Lolliguncula brevis WC SP, SU, F Mbi Squid, Long- Loligo pealed WC G Aas finned Squid, Pacific Loligo opalescens WC G Sea Coast GASTROPODS Moon Shell Polinices sp. WC G Nme Polinices duplicatus WC G Mrn Nudibranch, or Hermissenda WC G Sea Sea Slug crassicornis Oyster Drill Urosalpinx sp. WC P.as Mrn Nme Periwinkle Littorina sp. WC G Mrn Periwinkle, Common Sea Hare Littorina littorea WC Aplysia californica WC Aas Pbm Sea Hare, Bursatella sp. WC G Gul Frilled Sea Hare, Aplysia willcoxi WC SP, SU Gul Willcox's Sea Lemon Archidoris pseudo- WC G Sea argus Slug, Banana Ariolimax sp. WC W Dah Snail Helix sp. WC G Sws Nassarius spp. WC G Mrn Snail, Bladder Physa sp. WC -- Gbs

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117 INVERTEBRATES Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code S I PUNCULANS Peanut Worm Golfingia spp. WC G Mrn Golfingia WC G Sea (=Phascolosoma) agassizi Golfingia WC G Nme (=Phascolosoma) gouldi SPONGES ~ Pori fera ~ DEMOSPONGIDS Sponge Microciona sp. WC G Mrn Sponge, Chicken Chondrilla sp. WC G Cau Liver Sponge, Red Microciona prolifera WC G Gul Beard Nme HEXACTINELLIDS Sponge, Simple Leucosolenia sp. WC G Nme

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118 INVERTEBRATES INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES Scientific Name Common Name Page Number Acheta d omesti cus House Cricket 110 Acmaea spp. L'mpet 114 Aequi pecten sp. Scallop 114 Aequipecten irradians Atlantic Bay Scallop 114 Ai ptasia pal l ida Pale Sea Anemone 112 Anod onta s p. Clam 113 Anomia simpl ex Jingle Shell 114 Anthopl eura xanthogrammica Green Anemone 112 Aphonopel ma spp. Tarantula 108 Apl ysia cal i f ornica Sea Hare 115 Apl ysia wil l coxi Willcox's Sea Hare 115 Arbacia s p. Sea Urchin 113 Arbacia punctul ata Atlantic Sea Urchin 113 Archid oris pseud oargus Sea Lemon 115 Ariol imax s p. Banana Slug 115 Asterias s p. Common Starfish 112 Bal anus sp. Barnacle 109 Bl atta oriental is Oriental Cockroach 108 Brachionis s p. Rotifer 111 Brachypel ma smi thi Branchiostoma (=Amphioxus) fl oridae Mexican Orange Knee 108 Tarantula Amphioxus or Florida 111 Lancelet Bursatel l a sp. Frilled Sea Hare 115 Busycon sp. Whelk 116

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119 INVERTEBRATES INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES Scientific Name Common Name Page Number Callinectes sapidus Blue Crab 109 Cambarus sp. Carcinus maenas Cassiopeia sp. Freshwater Crayfish Shore Crab 1 1 0 109 Mangrove Jellyfish 112 Chondrilla sp. Chicken Liver Sponge 117 Ciona sp. Tunicate 111 Ciona intestinalis Simple Tunicate or Sea 111 Squirt Condylactis gigantea Sea Anemone 112 Corynactis californica Red Sea Anemone 112 Crangon sp. Sand Shrimp 110 Crassostrea sp. Oyster 114 Crassostrea virginica Cryptochiton stelleri Virginia or Eastern or 114 North American Oyster Gumboot or Sea Boot 116 Chiton Cucumaria miniata Red Sea Cucumber 113 Daphnia sp. Water Flea 110 Drosophila melanogaster Fruit or Vinegar Fly 1 1 0 Drosophila pseudobscura Fruit or Vinegar Fly 110 Drosophila virilis Fruit or Vinegar Fly 110 Dugesia subtentaculata Flat Wbrm 116 Eisenia foetida Manure Worm 108 Elliptio crassidens Freshwater Mussel 114 Eucidaris tribuloides Slate-pencil Urchin 113 Eupagurus bernhardus Hermit Crab 109

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120 INVERTEBRATES INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES Scientific Name Common Name Page Number Eupentacta quinquesemita Sea Cucumber 113 Fasciolaria tulipa Tulip Shell 116 Glycera spp. Blood Worm 108 Glycera dibranchiata Blood Worm 108 Golfingia spp. Peanut Worm 117 Golfingia (=Phascolosoma) Peanut Worm . . agasslz 1 Golfingia (=Phascolosoma) Peanut Warm gouldi Hadagonesa bicolor 117 117 South African Scorpion 108 Helix sp. Snail 115 Helix asperse Common or Garden Snail 116 Hermissenda crassicornis Nudibranch or Sea Slug 115 Homarus americanus American Lobster 110 Katharina tunicata Common Black Chiton 116 leucosolenia sp. Simple Sponge 117 Libinia sp. Spider Crab 109 limulus polyphemus Horseshoe Crab 111 Littorina sp. Periwinkle 115 Littorina littorea Loligo opalescens loligo pealed Lolliguncula brevis Common Periwinkle 115 Pacific Coast Squid 115 Long-finned Squid 115 Brief Squid 115 Lumbricus terrestris Common Earthworm 108 Lytechinus pictis Panamanian Sea Urchin 113

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121 INVERTEBRATES INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES Scientific Name Common Name Page Number Lytechinus variegatus Sea Urchin 113 Mercenaria spp. Clam 114 Mercenaria campechiensis Clam or Quahog 114 Mercenaria mercenaria Hard-shell Clam or Quahog 114 Mercierel l a sp. Tube Worm 108 Metridi um s p. Sea Anemone 112 Metridium senil e Large Sea Anemone 112 Microciona sp. Sponge 117 Microciona prolif era Red Beard Sponge 117 Modiol us de~russus Ribbed Mussel 114 Mya sp. Clam 114 Mya arenaria Soft-shell Clam 114 Mytil us sp. Mussel 114 Mytil us edul is Bay Mussel 114 Nassari us spp. Snail 115 Nassarius obsoletus Mud Snail 116 Nereis s p. Clam Worm 108 Nereis virens Clam Worm 108 Octopus ~rul garis Common Atlantic Octopus 114 Oniscus sp. Pill Bug 110 Ophiothrix spicul ata Brittle Star 112 Ovalipes sp. Calico or Lady Crab 109 Pachygrapsus crassipes Crab 109 Pacif astacus s p. Freshwater Crayfish 110

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122 INVERTEBRATES INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES Scientific Name Common Name Page Number Palaemonetes sp. Shore Shrimp 110 Palaemonetes pugio Shore Shrimp 110 Panopeus sp. Mud Crab 109 Panulirus spp. Spiny Lobster 110 Patiria miniata Bat Star 112 Pelmatobydra oligactis Big Brown Hydra 112 Penaeus sp. Phragmatopoma californica Common Gulf Shrimp 110 Honeycombed Tub Worm 108 Physa sp. Bladder Snail 115 Pieris rapae European Cabbage 110 Butterfly Polinices sp. Moon Shell 115 Polinices duplicates Moon Shell 115 Procambarus clarkii Red Swamp Crawfish or 109 Southern Crayfish Renilla sp. Sea Pansy 112 Scolopendra sp. Centipede 111 Stenorhynchus seticornis Arrow Crab 109 Strongglocentrotus sp. Sea Urchin 113 Strongglocentrotus dro- Green Sea Urchin 113 bachiensis Strongglocentrotus purpuratus Purple Sea Urchin 113 Stgela sp. Tunicate 111 Stgela montereyensis Stalked Tunicate 111 Tegula sp. Turban Shell 116 Tenebrio molitor Mealworm 111

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123 INVERTEBRATES INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES Scientific Name Common Name Page Number Tigriopus californicus Copepod 109 Tritrichomonas Augusta Flagellate 116 Tubul aria sp. Marine Polyp 112 Uca s p. Fiddler Crab 109 Uca pupil ator Sand Fiddler Crab 109 Uca pugnax Fiddler Crab 109 Urechis caupo Fat Innkeeper Warm 113 Urosalpinx sp. Oyster Drill 115 Zootermopsis spp. Termite 111