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OTHER VERTEBRATES Included in this section are mammals and birds less commonly used in research, as well as the amphibians, fishes, and reptiles. Topics in this section are arranged alphabetically by class and within classes. Insofar as is possible, the scientific and common names have been ver- ified using references listed on the following page. The vertebrates in this section are only a sample of the many ani- mals supplied by each company. Even if the specific animal you require is not listed, it may still be available from one of the listed compan- ies. Contact companies directly to discuss specific requirements. Investigators should recognize that suppliers may not keep wild- caught animals "in stock," and there may be considerable delay in obtain- ng some species. None of the animals in this section are included in the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants (U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, 1979). Any trade in endangered or threatened animals requires a permit from the Federal Wildlife Permit Office, Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C. 20240. Contact them directly for information and ap- propriate forms. Symbols used in this section are as follows: Source CR Availability G colony reared generally available available in winter SP available in spring Surgical modifications available: adr adrenalectomy cas castration hyp hypophysectomy nep unilateral nephrectomy ova ovariectomy WC wild caught SU available in summer F available in fall pan pancreatectomy pare parathyroidectomy thr thyroidectomy thy thymectomy 7s

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76 OTHER VERTEBRATES REFERENCES: American Fisheries Society, Committee on Names of Fishes. 1970. A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Third edition. Special Publication No. 6. American Fisheries Society, Washington, D.C. 150 pp. Conant, R. 1975. A field guide to reptiles and amphibians of eastern and central North America. Second edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 429 pp. Edwards, E. P. 1974. A coded list of birds of the world. Edition a - limited edition. Ernest P. Edwards-publisher, Sweet Briar, VA. 147 pp. Leviton, A. E. 1971. Reptiles and amphibians of North America. Doubleday and Company, Inc., New York. 250 pp. Nace, G. W., and J. K. Rosen. 1978. Sources of amphibians for research. II. Appendix V, pages 251-279 in R. G. McKinnell. Cloning: Nuclear transplantation in amphibia. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1979. Title 50-Wildlife and Fisheries, Chapter 1, Part 17-Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants. Federal Register 44(12, Part II): 3635- 3654. Walker, E. P. 1975. Mammals of the world. Third edition. Vols. I and II. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. 1500 pp.

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77 OTHER VERTEBRATES AMPH I B IANS Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code Amphillm~ Amphi uma spp. WC SP, SU, F Con Swn Amphiuma, Amphiuma tridacLyl um WC ~ Cls Three-toed, or W. SP, SU Gsb Congo Eel Amphiuma, Amphi uma means WC G Cls Two-toed * Axolotl Ambystoma mexicanum CR G Tax Bullfrog Rana catesbeiana CR G Roc WC G (adults & Cls G eggs) W. SU, F SP, SU, F G SP, SU, F G SP, F Dah Gbs Gsb Sbl Sbs Swn Wbs Frog, Chorus Pseudacris triseriata WC SP, F Cls Frog, Common, Rana temporaria WC G Cls or Grass * Available mNtants carried on inbred Ambystoma mexicanum: Name albino arrest at blastula stage; variable v cardiac nonfunction eyeless fluid imbalance fragile gills gill lethal limb development arrested melanoid ova deficient renal insufficiency twisted gills wh~te Symbol a c e f x g y m o r t d

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78 OTHER VERTEBRATES AMPHIBIANS Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code Frog, Cricket Acris crepitans WC SP, F Cls (Northern) Frog, Edible Rana escul enta WC G Cls Frog, Green Rana cl amitans WC SP, SU, F Cls (adults & eggs) SP, SU Gbs Frog, Greenhouse E1eutherodacLyl us WC SP, SU, F Cls ricordi pl aniros- tris Frog, Horned Megophrys nasuta WC G Bit (Asiatic) Frog, Leopard Rana magnocul aris WC G Swn Frog, Leopard Rana pipiens CR SP, SU, F Roc (Northern) WC G Bit SP, SU, F Gbs W. SP, F Gsb G Mog G Sbl SP, SU, F Sbs G Swn G Sws G Wan G Wbs Frog, Leopard Rana berl andieri WC G (adults & Cls (Rio Grande) eggs) G Mog Swn Frog, Leopard Rana utricul aria WC SP, SU, F Cls (Southern) (=spenocephal a ) Swn Frog, Marsh, Rana ridibunda WC SP, SU, F Cls or Lake Frog, Painted Kal oul a pul chra WC G Bit (Asiatic) Frog, Pickerel Rana palustris WC SP, F (adults & Cls eggs)

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79 OTHER VERTEBRATES AMPHIBIANS Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code Frog/ Pig Rana gryl io WC SP, SU Gsb Frog, Yellow- Rana boyl i legged WC SP, F (adults & eggs) Hellbender Cry ptobranchus WC G Cls al l eganiensis -- Mrs Mudpuppy Necturus macul osus WC G Cls W. SP, F Con Gbs G Sbl Newt, Alpine Triturus alpestris WC SP, SU Cls Newt, Common Notophthal mus WC SP, SU, F Con v~r ~ d escens Newt, Marbled Triturus marmoratus WC SP, SU Cls Newt, Palmate Triturus hel veticus WC SP, SU Cls Newt, Red- Notophthal mus WC G Bit spotted viridescens G Cls virid escens -- Mrs Newt, Red- Notophthal mus WC SP, F Cls spotted: Red viridescens Eft stage vi rid escens Newt, Rough- Taricha granul osa WC G Bit skinned Newt, Smooth Triturus vul garis WC SP, SU, F Cls Newt, Warty Tri t urus cr i sta t us WC SP, SU, F Cls SP Zoo Salamander, Desmognathus WC SP, SU, F Cls Black-bellied quadramacul at us Salamander, Cave Eurycea 1ucif uga WC SP, F Cls ~~ Mrs Salamander, Aneides spp. WC SP, F Cls Climbing

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80 OTHER VERTEBRATES AMPHIBIANS Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code Salamander, Desmognathus fuscus WC G Dusky Cls Mrs Salamander, Fire Salamandra salamandra WC SP, SU, F Cls (European) SP, SU Zoo Salamander, Hemidactilum scutatum WC SP ( adults & Cls Four-toed eggs) Salamander, HynobJus keyserlingii WC SU, F zOO Hynobius Salamander, Ambystoma WC SP, F (adults & Cls Jefferson jeffersonianum eggs) __ Mrs Salamander, Eurycea longicauda WC SP, F Cls Long-tailed -- Mrs Salamander, Ambystoma opa cum WC SP, F (adults & Cls Marbled eggs) __ Mrs Salamander, Ambystoma talpoideum WC SP, F (adults & Cls Mole eggs) Salamander, Desmognathus WC SP, SU, F Cls Mountain ochrophaeus Salamander, Mud Pseudotriton montanus WC SP, F Cls Salamander, Red Pseudotriton ruber WC SP, F Cls Salamander, Plethodon cinereus WC CP, SU, F Cls Red-backed Mrs Salamander, Seal Desmognathus monticola WC SP, SU, F Cls Salamander, Batrachoseps spp. WC SP, F Cls Slender Salamander, Plethodon glutinosus WC SP, SU, F Cls Slimy __ Salamander, Ambystoma texanum WC SP ( adults & Small-mouthed Mrs eggs) __ Mrs

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81 OTHER VERTEBRATES AMPHIBIANS Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code Salamander. Ambystoma macul atum WC Spotted W. SP, SU Cls (adults & eggs) SP __ Con Mrs Salamander, Gyrinophil us WC SP, F Cls Spring porphyriticus -- Mrs Salamander, Eurycea l ongicauda WC SU, F Cls Three-lined guttol ineata Salamander, Ambystoma tigrinum Tiger: Eggs WC -- Cls Larval stage WC G Bit SP, SU Cls Neotenic stage WC G Cls Terrestrial stage WC W. SP Cls __ Mrs Salamander, Eurycea bisl ineata WC SP, F Cls Two-lined -- Mrs Salamander, Pl ethodon dorsal is WC W. SP Zigzag __ Siren, Dwarf Pseudobranchus WC SP striat us Cls Mrs Cls Siren, Greater Siren l acertina WC SP Cls Siren, Lesser Siren intermedia WC SP Cls Toad Buto spp. WC SP, SU, F Cls (adults & eggs) Toad, American Buto americanus WC SP, F (adults Cls & eggs) __ Mrs Toad, Black- Buf o mel anostictus WC G Bit spined

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82 OTHER VERTEBRATES AMPH I B IANS Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code Toad, Boreal Buto boreas boreas WC SU, F (adults Cls & eggs) Toad, Clawed Xenopus borealis WC G Cls (Kenyan) Toad, Clawed Xenopus tropicalis WC G Cls (Nigerian) Toad, Clawed Xenopus laevis CR G Cls (South African) Det Nco RDC Wbs WC G Cls Cwf Mog Toad, Colorado Buto alvarius WC SU (adults & Cls River eggs) Toad, Common Buto buto WC SP, SU ( adults Cls & eggs) Toad, Fire- Bombina orientalis CR G Det bellied Toad, Fowler's Buto woodhousei WC SP, F (adults Cls fawleri & eggs) SU, F Mrs Swn Toad, Giant BuLo marinus WC G Chc G (adults & Cls eggs) SP, SU, F G G G G Con Mrs Sbs Swn Wan Wbs Zoo Toad, Great BuTo cognatus WC SP, F (adults Cls Plains & eggs)

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83 OTHER VERTEBRATES AMPHIBIANS Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code Toad, Green Buto viridis WC SP, SU, F Cls (adults & eggs) Toad, Narrow- Gastrophryne WC SP, SU, F Cls mouthed carolinensis (Eastern) Toad, Narrow- Gastrophryne WC SP, SU Cls mouthed olivacea (Western) Toad, Oak Buto quercicus WC SP, SU, F Cls (adults & eggs) Toad, Rocky Buto woodhousei WC Mountain woodhousei SP, F (adults Cls & eggs) Toad, Southern Buto terrestris WC SP, F (adults Cls & eggs) Toad, Spadefoot Scaphiopus spp. WC SP, SU, F Cls Toad, Spadefoot Scaphiopus holbrooki WC SP, SU, F Cls (Eastern) -- Mrs Toad, Texas BuTo speciosus WC SP, F (adults Cls & eggs) Treefrog Hyla spp. WC G (adults Cls & eggs) Mrs Treefrog, lIyla gratiosa WC SP (adults Cls Barking & eggs) Mrs Treefrog, Hyla septentrionalis WC SP, SU, F Cls Cuban (adults & eggs) __ Mrs Treefrog, Hyla versicolor WC SP, F (adults Cls Gray & eggs) __ Mrs Treefrog, Hyla cinerea WC SP, SU, F Cls Green (adults & eggs) __ Mrs SU, F Swn

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84 OTHER VERTEBRATES AMPH I B IANS Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code Treefrog, Pachymedusa WC SU, F Swn Green dacnicol or (found only in Mexico) Treefrog, Hyl a regil l a WC SP, F (adults Cls Pacific & eggs) W. SP Ebv Treefrog, Hyla squirella WC SP ( adults Cls Squirrel & eggs) SU, F Swn Various Species, WC Chc live Sbs Various Species, preserved

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85 OTHER VERTEBRATES BIRDS Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code Bobwhite, Colinus CR -- Adv . . . Common v' rg~n~anus Dove, Ring- Streptopelia CR G Thr necked capicola Dove, Rock Columba livia CR G (several Mbf (Common) varieties) Thr G Wbs WC G Dla Roc Duck, American Aix sponsa Wood CR -- Adv Duck, Mallard Anas CR SP Adv platyrhynchos Goose, Canada Branta Peafowl, Indian canadensis Pavo cristatus Pheasant, Ring- Phasianus necke d colchicus Pigeon-See Rock Dove above Adv Adv CR SU, F Adv Quail, Japanese Coturnix cot urnix CR G (birds & Krr japonica eggs) Various Species WC G Chc (imported & Mrs U.S.), live Various Species, Sbs preserved

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95 OTHER VERTEBRATES REPTILES Common Name Scientific Name Source Availability Code Viper, Pit Trimeresurus wall eri WC .(Wagler's) Whipsnake Various Species, live Various Species, preserved Masticophis spp. G Bit Cls Chc Mrs Sbs

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96 OTHER VERTEBRATES INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES Scientific Name Acris crepitans Aix sponsa Alopex lagopus Ambystoma jeffersonianum Ambystoma maculatum Ambystoma mexicanum Ambystoma opacum Ambystoma talpoideum Ambystoma texanum Ambystoma tigrinum Ame~va ameiva Amphiuma spp . Amphiuma means Amphiuma tridacLylum Anas platyrhynchos Aneides spp. Anguilla rostrata Anolis carolinensis carolinensis Anolis equestris equistris Arizona elegant Artibeus jamaicensis Batrachoseps spp. Bison bison Boa constrictor Common Name _ Northern Cricket Frog American Wood Duck Arctic Fox Jefferson Salamander Spotted Salamander Axolotl Marbled Salamander Mole Salamander Small-mouthed Salamander Tiger Salamander (all stages) Giant Ameiva Amphiuma Two-toed Amphiuma Three-toed Amphiuma, or Congo Eel Mallard Duck Climbing Salamander American Eel Green Anole or Chameleon Cuban or Knight Anole Glossy Snake New World Fruit Bat Slender Salamander American Bison Baby Columbian Boa

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97 OTHER VERTERRATES I NDEX OF SC I ENTI FI C NAMES Scientific Name Common Name Bombina orientalis Fire-bellied Toad Branta canadensis Buto spp. Buto alvarius Buto americanus Buto boreas boreas Buto buTo Buto cognatus Buto marinus Buto melanostictus Buto quercicus Buto speciosus Buto terrestris Buto viridis Buto woodhousei fawleri Buto woodhousei woodhousei Canis latrans Castor canadensis Cervus elaphus (=canadensis) Cervus nippon Chelydra serpentine Chinchilla laniger Chrysemys spp. Chrysemys concinna Canada Goose Toad Colorado River Toad American Toad Boreal Toad Common Toad Great Plains Toad Giant Toad Black-spined Toad Oak Toad Texas Toad Southern Toad Green Toad Fowler's Toad Rocky Mountain Toad Coyote North American Beaver American Elk, or Wapiti Sika Snapping Turtle Chinchilla Slider or Turtle or Cooter Hieroglyphic Turtle

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98 OTHER VERTEBRATES INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES Scientific Name Chrysemys Dicta Chrysemys Dicta belly Chrysemys scripts elegant Chrysemys scripts scripts Clupeidae Family Coleanyx variegates Colinus virginianus Coluber spp. Coluber constrictor Columba livia Cordylus jonesi Coturnix coturnix japonica Crotalus atrox CrotaphyLus collards Common Name Painted Turtle Western Painted Turtle Red-eared Turtle Yellow-bellied Turtle Herring Western Banded Gecko Common Bobwhite Racer Black Racer Common Rock Dove Jone's Girdle Tail Lizard Japanese Quail Western Diamondback Rattlesnake Collard Lizard Cryptobranchus alleganiensis Hellbender Cuora ambionensis Cynomys ludovicianus Da ma dame Dasypus novemcinctus Desmodus rotundas Desmognathus fuscus Desmognathus monticola Desmognathus ochrophaeus Desmognathus quadramaculatus Malayan Box Turtle Prairie Dog Fallow Deer Nine-banded Armadillo Vampire Bat Dusky Salamander Seal Salamander Mountain Salamander Black-bellied Salamander

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99 OTHER VERTEBRATES INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES Scientific Name . . . Common Name Didelphis virginianus Dipodomys spp. Dipsosaurus dorsalis Echenies naucratus Elaphe spp. Elaphe guttata guttata Elaphe obsolete obsolete Elaphe obsolete quadrivittata Elaphe obsolete spiloides Elaphe schrenki EleutherodacLylus ricordi plan~rostris Emys orbicularis Eptesicus fuscus Erethizon dorsatum Euarctos americanus Eumeces spp. Eurycea bislineata Eurycea longicauda Eurycea longicauda guttolineata Eurycea lucifuga Fundulus spp. Fundulus sim~lis Gadus morhua Gastrophryne carolinensis North American Opossum Kangaroo Rat Desert Iguana Sharksucker Rat Snake Corn or Red Rat Snake Common Pilot Black or Black Rat Snake Yellow Rat Snake Gray Rat Snake Siberian Rat Snake Greenhouse Frog European Pond Turtle Big Brown Bat North American Porcupine American Black Bear Str_ped Skink Two-lined Salamander Long-tailed Salamander Three-lined Salamander Cave Salamander Killifish Longnose Killifish Atlantic Cod Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad

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100 OTHER VERTEBRATES l INDEX OF SCI ENTI FIC NAMES Scientific Name Common Name Gastrophryne olivacea Gecko gecko Geochelone elongate Gerrhonotus spp. Gerrhonotus multicarinatus Ginglymostoma cirratum Glaucomys volans Graptemys pseudogeographica Gymnothorax spp. Gyrinophilus porphyriticus Hemidactilum scutatum Heterodon spp. Hippocampus erect us Hippocampus zostera Hyla spp. Hyla cinerea Hyla gratiosa Hyla regilla e Hyla septentrionalis Hyla squirella Hyla versicolor HynobJus keyserlingii Hypsiglena torquata Iguana iguana Western Narrow-mouthed Toad Tokay Gecko Yellow-headed Tortoise Alligator Lizard Southern Alligator Lizard Nurse Shark Flying Squirrel False Map Turtle Moray Spring Salamander Four-toed Salamander Hognose Snake Lined Seahorse Dwarf Seahorse Treefrog Green Treefrog Barking Treefrog Pacific Treefrog Cuban Treefrog Squirrel Treefrog Gray Treefrog Hynobius Salamander Night Snake Green Iguana

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101 OTHER VERTEBRATES INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES Scientific Name Common Name Kaloula pulchra Kinosternon spp. Lampropeltis getulu s Lampropeltis getulus californiae lepisosteus osseus Mabuga macularia Malaclemys terrapin Masticophis spp. Megophrys nasuta Melanogrammus aeglefinus Merluccius bilinearis Mephitis mephitis Mustela erminea Mustela putorius Mustela putorius furo Myotis lucifugus Narcine brasiliensis Natrix spp . Natrix sipedon Necturus maculosus Asiatic Painted Frog Mud Turtle Common Kingsnake California Kingsnake Longnose Gar Orange-throated Skink Diamondback Terrapin Whipsnake Asiatic Horned Frog Haddock Silver Hake Striped Skunk Weasel European Ferret, or Polecat European Ferret, or Polecat Little Brown Bat Lesser Electric Ray Water Snake Common Water Snake Mudpuppy Notophthalmus viridescens Common Newt Notophthalmus viridescens . . Vl rl d eSCenS Notophthalmus viridescens . . vlrldescens Red-spotted Newt Red-spotted Newt: Red Eft stage

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102 OTHER VERTEBRATES INDEX OF SCI ENTI FIC NAMES Scientific Name Odocoileus virginianus Ondatra zibethicus Opheodrys spp. Opsanus tau PachdacLylus bibroni Pachymedusa dacnicolor Pavo cristatus Petrosaurus mearnsi Phasianus colchicus PhyllodacLylus xanti Pit uophis melanoleucus Pit uophis melanoleucus catenifer Plethodon cinereus Plethodon dorsalis Plethodon glutinosus Pollachius virens Procgon rotor Pseudacris triseriata Pseudobranchus striatus Pseudotriton montanus Pseudotriton ruber Raja spp. Rana berlandieri Rana boyli Common Name White-tailed Deer Muskrat Green Snake Oyster Toadfish African House Gecko Green Treefrog (found only in Mexico) Indian Peafowl Banded Rock Lizard Ring-necked Pheasant Leaf-toed Gecko Gopher or Pine or Bull Snake Pacific Gopher Snake Red-backed Salamander Zigzag Salamander Slimy Salamander Pollock Raccoon Chorus Frog Dwarf Siren Mud Sal~m~nder Red Salamander Skate Rio Grande Leopard Frog Yellow-legged Frog

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103 OTHER VERTEBRATES I NDEX OF SC I ENTI FI C NAMES Scientific Name Common Name - Rana catesbeiana Rana clamitans Rana esculenta Rana grylio Rana magnocularis Rana palustris Rana pipiens Rana ridibunda Rana temporaria Rana utricularia (=spenocephala) Salamandra salamandra Scaphiopus spp. Scaphiopus holbrooki Sceloporus spp. Sceloporus occidentalis Sciurus carolinensis Sciurus nicer Serranus spp. Silvilagus floridanus Siren intermedia Siren lacertina Spermophilus (=Citellus) tridecemlineatus Squalus acanthias Bullfrog Green Frog Edible Frog Pig Frog Leopard Frog Pickerel Frog Northern Leopard Frog Marsh or Lake Frog Common or Grass Frog Southern Leopard Frog European Fire Salamander Spadefoot Toad Eastern Spadefoot Toad Lizard Western Fence Lizard Eastern Gray Squirrel Fox Squirrel Bass Cottontail Rabbit Lesser Siren Greater Siren Thirteen-lined Ground Squirrel Spiny Dogfish

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104 OTHER VERTEBRATES INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES Scientific Name Common Name Sternotherus odoratus Storeria dekayi Streptopelia capicola Tamias striates Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Taricha grandiose Terrapene spp. Thamnophis spp. Thamnophis sauritus Thamnophis sirtalis Torpedo californica Torpedo nobiliana Trimeresurus wagleri Trionyx ferox Triturus alpestris Triturus cristatus Triturus helveticus Triturus marmoratus Triturus vulgaris Common Musk or Stinkpot Turtle Brown Snake Ring-necked Dove Eastern Chipmunk Red Squirrel Rough-skinned Newt Box Turtle Garter Snake Eastern Ribbon Snake Common Garter Snake Pacific Electric Ray Atlantic Torpedo Ray Wagler's Pit Viper Florida Soft-shell Turtle Alpine Newt Warty Newt Palmate Newt Marbled Newt &ooth Newt Tupinambis nigropunctatus Golden Tegu Urocgon cinerecargenteus Gray Fox Urolophus jamaicensis Urophycis chuss Urophycis tenuis White Hake Yellow Stingray Red or Squirrel Hake

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105 OTHER VERTEBRATES - INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES Scientific Name Common Name _ Uta stanaburiana Varanus exanthematicus Varanus niloticus Varanus salvator Vulpes fulva Xantusia spp. Xantusia henshawi Xantusia vigilis Xenopus borealis Xenopus laevis Xenopus tropicalis Ground or Side-blotched Uta Savannah Monitor Nile Monitor Indian Monitor Red Fox Night Lizard Granite Night Lizard Desert Night Lizard or Yucca Kenyan Clawed Toad South African Clawed Toad Nigerian Clawed Toad