million records from biological collections (botanical and zoological specimens and microbial strain data of samples collected in Brazil).

His current work includes the assessment of initiatives worldwide to improve data release and analysis. He is a member of the Board of Directors of Species2000 (Catalogue of Life), the Board of Directors of ETI Bioinformatics (University of Amsterdam) and of the Advisory Board of Global Research Data Infrastructures (GRDI 2020).

David Carlson has served as Director of the Atmospheric Technology Division of the US National Centre for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Colorado for nine years between 1994-2003. Prior to that he was for three years the Director of the office coordinating the 'Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean - Atmosphere Response Experiment' (TOGA COARE) leading oceanic and atmospheric scientists from twelve nations in a large ICSU/WMO climate research programme. He was appointed to the post of Director of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 International Programme Office (IPO) in June 2006. David is originally from the mid west of the United States and holds a PhD in Oceanography from the University of Maine.

Daniel I. Cheney is Manager of Safety Programs for the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration’s Transport Airplane Directorate. Mr. Cheney has been involved in nearly all aspects of certification activities of Boeing commercial airplanes from the B707, through current activities of the B787 program. He has also been involved in supporting numerous accident and incident investigations, and their resolution. It has been through his involvement in accident investigation, and the realization that costly lessons from major accidents were being lost through the passage of time, that led Mr. Cheney to initiate FAA’s development of the web-based “Lessons Learned from Transport Airplane Accidents” knowledge information system. This accident library, now containing 57 accident modules, is available to the public on the FAA’s main web site at

Farouk El-Baz is Research Professor and Director of the Center for Remote Sensing at Boston University. He participated in NASA’s Apollo program (1967-72) as secretary of the lunar landing site selection committee, and chairman of astronaut training in visual observations and photography. In 1973-82 he established and directed the Center for Earth and Planetary Studies at the National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC and served as Principal Investigator of the Earth Observations and Photography Experiment on the Apollo-Soyuz mission of 1975.

He became Vice President for Science and Technology at Itek Optical Systems in 1982, before joining Boston University in 1986. He pioneered the applications of space photography to desert studies, with emphasis on groundwater concentration. He served in 1978-1981 as science adviser to Anwar Sadat, the late President of Egypt. His honors include NASA’s Apollo Achievement Award, the Nevada Medal, and the Egyptian Order of Merit - First Class. He served for six years as chair of the U.S National Committee for the International Union of Geological Sciences of the National Academies, and is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering.

Stephen M. Griffin is a Program Director in the Division of Information and Intelligent Systems at the National Science Foundation (NSF). For the period 1994-2004, Mr. Griffin managed the Special Projects Program that included the Interagency Digital Libraries Initiatives and the International Digital Libraries Collaborative Research and Applications Testbeds program. He has been active in working groups for Federal high performance computing and communications programs, and serves on numerous domestic and international advisory committees related to digital libraries and advanced computing and networking infrastructure. In 2004-2005 he was on special assignment to the Library of Congress, Office of Strategic Initiatives, to assist with the National Digital Information and Infrastructure Preservation Program. He is

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