litigate has already come and gone. Could someone come back and say, “Well, we did not think about that. Let us review it again.” They could. Our greater-good concern, however, is that the information is so important that it cannot be lost, and we have to take this step and make sure that erosion is stopped.

PARTICIPANT: Do you also get data from other countries?

MR. CHENEY: We do. Not all are equally sharing, but there is outreach. As we have done networking and have improved our networking process, the efficiency is increasing, with recognition that this is a product that will benefit world aviation, not just U.S. aviation. It is getting much better.

PARTICIPANT: Victoria Bakhtina, how difficult is it to get access to the data that support the statistics for the different countries? Are the data collected by the countries themselves and made available to the World Bank, or does the World Bank pay people to collect the data and work with the different ministries? It is not clear how the data are compiled, and whether it is comparable kind of coverage.

DR. BAKHTINA: In terms of access, with the launch of open data policy, it becomes very easy. Now the set of all development reports that include underlying data will be available. Just visit the World Bank website, and you can easily download and research the statistics from different countries. Moreover, you can visualize the data and map the country statistics to the World Bank projects information. I am also using the UN data which are also publicly available. There are various methods and strategies of collecting the data and multiple approaches can be applied depending on what is measured. The World Bank Data Group partners with other organizations on data collection and statistical capacity-building. I would recommend that you consult the World Bank web site for details. When using any publicly available data, it is important to understand what is behind the numbers, and depending on the end goal of your research, determine what coverage would be acceptable, and most importantly, always conduct the analysis within a specific context.



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