TABLE 19-1 Daily newspapers per 1,000 people

1980 1990 1994
N. America 247 231 209
Europe 188 220 244
Asia 87 106 116
S. America 88 95 98
Oceania 64 44 46
Africa 14 16 14

UN Statistical Yearbook; UNESCO Statistical Yearbook.

Another statistical figure indicating the underprivileged access of developing countries to information is the low number of television receivers per one thousand habitants. At the same time, it is significant to note the sixfold increase in numbers in the developing parts of the world between 1980 and 1997, as compared with only some 25 percent in the developed regions (Table 19-2).

TABLE 19-2 TV receivers per 1,000 people

1980 1990 1997
Developing Countries 27 124 157
Developed Countries 424 492 548

UNESCO Statistical Yearbook

Radios have been an even more important source of information in the developing countries, and an almost 400 percent increase can be noted from 1980 to 1997, as compared with only 50 percent in the developed countries (Table 19-3).

TABLE 19-3 Radio receivers per 1,000 people

1980 1990 1997
Developing Countries 398 895 1,124
Developed Countries 986 1,181 1,308

UNESCO Statistical Yearbook

All of the above figures indicate that the issue of information flow has been of great relevance to the developing countries, and that some development and progress can be discerned with them gaining increased access.



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