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References Chapter 2 U.S. Commission on Large Dams (USCOLD). Guidelines for selecting seismic parameters for dam projects. USCOLD Committee on Earthquakes. 1985. 2-2 Clough, R. W., K. T. Chang, H. Q. Chen, and Y. Ghanaat. "Dynamic Interaction Effects in Arch Dams." Report No. EERC-85/11. Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, Berkeley. 1985. 2-3 Fok, K. L., J. F. Hall, and A. K. Chopra. "EACD-3D, A Computer Program for Three- Dimensional Earthquake Analysis of Concrete Dams." Report No. EERC 86/09. Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of Califomia, Berkeley. 1986. 2-4 Fenves, G., and A. K. Chopra. "EAGD-84, A Computer Program for Earthquake Analysis of Concrete Gravity Dams." Report No. EERC 84/11. Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, Berkeley. 1984. 2-5 Clough, R. W., J. M. Raphael, and S. ~ojtahedi. "ADAP, A Computer Program for Static and Dynamic Analysis of Arch Dams." Report No. EERC 73/14. Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of Califomia, Berkeley. 1973. 2-6 Trifunac, M. D. "Scattenng of Plane SH Waves by a Semi-Cylindncal Canyon." Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 1, pp. 267-281. 1973. 2-7 Wang, H. L., and M. D. Trifunac.~"Scattering of Plane SH Waves by a Semi-Elliptical Canyon." Earthquake Engineering And Structural Dynamics, Vol. 3, pp. 157-169. 1974. 2-8 Wong, H. L., and P. C. Jennings. "Effects of Canyon Topography on Strong Ground Motion." Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 65, pp. 1239-1257. 1975. 127

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128 Sanchez-Sesma, F. J., and E. Rosenbleuth. "Ground Motion at Canyons of Arbitrary Shape Under Incident SH Waves." Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol.o7, pp. 441-450. 1979. 2-10 Sanchez-Sesma, F. J. "Ground Motion Amplification Due to Canyons of Arbitrary Shape Under Incident SH Waves." Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Microzonation, San Francisco, Vol. II, pp. 729-738. 1978. 2-11 Wang, H. L. "Diffraction of P. SV, and Rayleigh Waves by Surface Topographies." Report No. CE 79-05. University of Southem California. 1979. 2-12 Wang, H. L. "Effect of Surface Topography on the Diffraction of P. SV, and Rayleigh Waves." Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 72, No. 4, pp. 1167- 1183. 1982. 2-13 Bouchon, M. "Effect of Topography on Surface Motion." Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 63, No. 3, pp. 615-632. 1983. 2-14 Boore, D. M. "A Note on the Effect of Simple Topography on Seismic SH Waves." Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 62, No. 1, pp. 275-284. 1972. 2-15 Boore, D. M., S. C. Harmsen, and S. T. Harding. "Wave Scattering from a Step Change in Surface Topography." Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 71, No. 1, pp. 117-125. 1981. 2-16 Clayton, R., and B. Engquist. "Absorbing Boundary Conditions for Acoustic and Elastic Wave Equations." Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 67, No. 6, pp. 1529-1540. 1977. 2-17 Smith, W. D. "The Application of Finite Element Analysis to Body Wave Propagation Problems." Geophysics Journal, Vol. 42, pp. 747-768. 1975. 2-18 Smith, W. D. "A Nonreflecting Plane Boundary for Wave Propagation Problems." Journal of Computational Physics, Vol. 15, pp. 492-503. 1974. 2-19 Lysmer, J., and K. L. Kuhlemeyer. "Finite Dynamic Model for Infinite Media." Journal of Engineering Mechanics, ASCE, Vol. 95, pp. 859-877. 1969. 2-20 Lysmer, J., and G. Waas, "Shear Waves in Plane Infinite Structures," Joumal of Engineering Mechanics, ASCE, Vol. 98, pp. 85- 105. 1972. 2-21 Lysmer, J. "Analytical Procedures in Soil Dynamics." ASCE Specialty Conference, Pasadena, California. 1978. 2-22 Castellani, A., A. Peano, and L. Sardella. "On Analytical and Numerical Techniques for Seismic Analysis of Topographic Irregularities." Proceedings of the 7th European Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Athens, Greece, Vol. 2, pp. 415-423. 1982. 2-23 Ohtsuki, A., and K. Harumi. "Effects of Topography and Subsurface Inhomogeneities on Seismic SV Waves." Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 11, pp. 441-462. 1983.

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129 2-24 Chen, H., and J. Wang. 1987. "Free-Field Seismic Motions at Arch Dam Canyon." China-US Workshop on Earthquake Behavior of Arch Dams, Tsinghua University, Beijing. June l9B7. 2-25 Sanchez-Sesma, F. J., E. Faccioli, and R. Fregonese. "An Index for Measuring the Effects of Topography on Seismic Ground Motion Intensity." Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 14, pp. 719-734. 1986. 2-26 Lee, V. W. "A Note on the Scattering of Elastic Plane Waves by a Hemispherical Canyon." Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 1, pp. 122-129. 1982. 2-27 Sanchez-Sesma, F. J. "Diffraction of Elastic Waves by Three-Dimensional Surface Irregularities." Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 73, No. 6, pp. 1621-1636. 1983. 2-28 Reimer, R. B., R. W. Clough, and J. M. Raphael. "Seismic Response of Pacoima Dam in the San Femando Earthquake." Proceedings, 5th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Rome, Vol. 2, pp. 2328-2337. 1974. 2-29 "Earthquake Engineering Research." Report by the National Research Council Committee on Earthquake Engineering. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 1982. 2-30 Shinozaka, M. Stochastic fields and their digital simulation. Lecture Notes, CISM Course on Stochastic Methods in Structural Mechanics, Udine, Italy (August 28-30). 1985. 2-31 Vanmarcke, E. Random Fields, Analysis and Synthesis. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 1 984. 2-32 Loh, C. H. "Analysis of the Spatial Variation of Seismic Waves and Ground Movements from SMART-1 Array Data." Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 13, pp. 561-581. 1985. 2-33 Vanmarcke, E. H., and R. S. Harichandran. "Models of the Spatial Variation of Ground Motion for Seismic Analysis of Structures." Proceedings of the 8th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, San Francisco, Vol. 2, pp. 597-604. 1984. 2-34 Abrahamson, N. A., and B. A. Bolt. "The Spatial Variation of the Phase of Seismic Strong Ground Motion." Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 75, No. 5, pp. 1247-1264. 1985. 2-35 Loh, C., H. J. Penzien, and Y. B. Tsai. "Engineering Analysis of SMART-1 Array Accelerograms." Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 10, pp. 575- 591. 1982. 2-36 Okamoto, S., M. Yoshida, and K. Nakayama. "Observation of Dams During Earthquakes." Eighth Congress, ICOLD, Edinburgh, Q. 29, R. 15, pp. 261-293. 1964. [Note: Q and R are standard ICOLD designations for Questions, Communications, and Reports. They are a standard part of reference identification for ICOLD.] 2-37 Okamoto, S., M. Yoshida, K. Kato, and M. Hakuno. "Dynamic Behavior of an Arch

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130 Dam During Earthquakes." Report of the Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 54-119. December 1964. 2-38 Alarcon, P. N. "Dynamic Behavior of Concrete Gravity Dams During Earthquakes." Individual Studies, International Institute of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering, Tokyo, Vol. 11, November, pp. 192-206. 1975. 2-39 Nose, M. "Observation and Measurement of Dynamic Behavior of the Kurobe Dam." Tenth Congress, ICOLD, Montreal, C4, pp. 461479. 1970. [Note: C is a standard ICOLD designation for Reports. It is a standard part of reference identification for ICOLD.] 2-40 Mickey, W. V., V. Perez, and W. K. Cloud. "Amplification Studies of the Pacoima Dam from Aftershocks of the San Fernando Earthquake." Proceedings, 5th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Rome, Vol. 1, pp. 755-762. 1974. 2-41 Davis, L. L., and L. R. West. "Observed Effects of Topography on Ground Motion." Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 63, No. 1, pp. 283-298. 1973. 2-42 Chang, F. K. "The Effects of Elevation and Site Conditions on Ground Motion of the San Femando, Califomia, Earthquake, 9 February 1971." Proceedings of the 7th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 2, Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 207-214. 1980. 2-43 Castoldi, A. "Contribution of Surveillance to the Evaluation of the Seismic Efficiency of Dams, Example of the Ambiesta Dam." Seminar on Constructions in Seismic Zones, Bergamo, pp. 107- 118. 1978. 2-44 Skorik, L. A. "Analysis of the Earthquake Records in the Region of the Chirkey Hydroelectric Station." Translated from Gidrotekhnicheskoe Stroitel'stvo, No. 2, pp. 25-28. 1981. 2-45 "CSMIP Strong Motion Records from the Whittier, CA, Earthquake of 1 October 1987." Report OSMS 87-05, California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology. 1987. 2-46 Chang, S. C., I. C. Tsai, C. S. Yeh, C. C. Chem, D. C. Dzong, and Y. P. Hwang. "A Study on Seismic Response of the Techi Arch Dam." CEER Report R76-14, National Taiwan University. 1987. 2-47 Fujii, T., K. Egawa, and I. Kateyama. "Seismic Response of Nagawado Arch Dam." China-U.S. Workshop on Earthquake Behavior of Arch Dams, Beijing, People's Republic of China. 1987. 2-48 Katayama, I., and T. Tsuzuki. "Dynamic Modeling Experience in Simulating Earthquake Response of an Arch Dam." China-U.S. Workshop on Earthquake Behavior of Arch Dams, Beijing, People's Republic of China. 1987. 2-49 Lyatkher, V. M., A. D. Kaptsan, and I. V. Semenov. "Seismic Stability of the Toktogul Dam." Translated from Gidrotekhnicheskoe Stroitel'stvo, No. 2, pp. 8-14. 1977. 2-50 Zhang, G., Z. Zeng, Q. Wang, and W. Li. "Study of Dynamic Characteristics and Seismic Response of Arch Dam Abutment." China-U.S. Workshop on Earthquake Behavior of Arch Dams, Beijing, People's Republic of China. 1987.

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131 Calciati, F., A. Castoldi, R. Ciacci, and M. Fanelli. "Experience Gained During In Situ Artificial and Natural Dynamic Excitation of Large Concrete Dams In Italy: Analytic Interpretation of Results." 13th Congress, ICOLD, New Delhi, Q. 51, R. 32, pp. 1377- 1402. 1979. 2-52 Dumanoglu, A. A., and R. T. Sevem. "Dynamic Response of Dams and Other Structures to Differential Ground Motions." Proceedings, Institute of Civil Engineers, Part 2, Vol. 77, pp. 333-352. 1982. ~hang, X., and J. Mail "Vibration-Response of Arch Dams with Time-Lag Between Abutments." International Symposium on Earthquakes and Dams, China National Committee on Large Dams, Vol. 1, pp. 219-232. Beijing, People's Republic of China. May 1987. 2-54 Chen, H., and S. Hou. "Effect of Seismic Traveling Waves on the Response of Arch Dams." China-U.S. Workshop on Earthquake Behavior of Arch Dams, Beijing, People's Republic of China. June 1987. Victoria, A. F., I. Herrera, and C. Lozano. "Hydrodynamic Pressures Generated by Vertical Earthquake Component." 4th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Santiago, Chile, B-4, pp. 25-36. 1969. 2-56 Prater, E. G., and M. Wieland. "Hydrodynamic Pressures on Dams." Criteria and Assumptions for Numerical Analysis of Dams, D. N. Naylor et al., editors, Swansea, U.K., pp. 686-707. 1975. Wieland, M. "Earthquake Resistance of a Gravity Dam-Reservoir-Foundation System." 6th European Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, pp. 421- 428. 1978. 2-58 Lin, G., K. Sun, and X. Guo. "Dam-Reservoir-Foundation Interaction Analysis of Arch Dams." China-U.S. Workshop on Earthquake Behavior of Arch Dams, Beijing, People's Republic of China. June 1987. 2-59 Zhang, G., C. Zhao, and G. Wang. "A New Seismic Wave Input Procedure for Arch Dam Foundations." China-U.S. Workshop on Earthquake Behavior of Arch Dams, Beijing, People's Republic of China. June 1987. 2-60 Nowak, P. S., and J. F. Hall. "Arch Dam Response to Nonuniform Seismic Input." Joumal of Engineering Mechanics, ASCE, Vol. 116, No. 1. January 1990. 2-61 Dreher, K. J. "Seismic Analysis and Design Considerations for Concrete Dams." Proceedings, Conference on Dams and Earthquakes, Institution of Civil Engineers, London. October 1980. 2-62 Gilg, B., et al. "Special Design of Steno Arch Dam in Greece in Relation with Possible Fault Movements." Intemational Symposium on Earthquakes and Dams, Vol. 1, Chinese National Committee on Large Dams, Beijing, People's Republic of China. May 1987. Leps, T. M. "The Influence of Possible Fault Offsets on Dam Design." Water Power and Dam Construction, Vol. 41, No. 4. April 1989.

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132 2-64 Peugh, V. L. Technical Report on the Construction of Morris Dam. Pasadena Water Department, Pasadena, Califomia. 1935. 2-65 Hatton, J. W., J. C. Black, and P. F. Foster. "New Zealand's Clyde Power Station." Water Power and Dam Construction, Vol. 39, No. 12. December 1987. 2-66 Bolt, B. A., and D. E. Hudson. "Seismic Instrumentation of Dams." Joumal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division, ASCE, Vol. 101, No. GT1 1. November 1975. 2-67 Iwan, W. D., Ed. Strong-Motion Earthquake Instrumentation Arrays. International Workshop on Strong-Motion Earthquake Instrument Arrays, Honolulu, Hawaii. May 1978. 2-68 Iwan, W. D., Ed. U.S. Strong-Motion Earthquake Instrumentation, U.S. National Workshop on Strong-Motion Earthquake Instrumentation, Santa Barbara, Califomia. April 1981. 2-69 USCOLD. Compilation of United States dams with strong motion instruments and reservoir seismicity networks. USCOLD Committee on Earthquakes. 1985. 2-70 MacDonald, R., and A. Viksne. "Strong Motion Instrumentation in Bureau of Reclamation Programs." Bureau of Reclamation. 1980. Chapter 3 3-1 U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. Arch dams. In Concrete Dams (Chapter 1). Design Standards No. 2. Denver: U.S. Department of the Interior. 1965. 3-2 U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. Gravity dams. In Concrete Dams (Chapter 2). Design Standards No. 2. Denver: U.S. Department of the Interior. 1966. 3-3 Westergaard, H. M. Water pressures on dams during earthquakes. Transactions ASCE, Paper No. 1835,98:418-472. 1933. 3-4 Zangar, C. N. Hydrodynamic pressures on dams due to horizontal earthquake effects. Engineering Monograph No. 11, Bureau of Reclamation. 1952. 3-5 UNESCO Committee of Experts. Koyna earthquake of December 11, 1967, New Delhi. 1968. 3-6 Chopra, A. K., and P. Chakrabarti. The Koyna earthquake and the damage to Koyna Dam. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 63, No. 2, pp. 381-397. 1973. 3-7 Structural Engineers Association of Califomia, recommended lateral force requirements and tentative commentary. San Francisco, Califomia. 1988. 3-8 Fenves, G., and A. K. Chopra. Reservoir bottom absorption effects in earthquake response of concrete gravity dams. Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 111, No.3, pp.545-562. 1985. 3-9 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Gravity dam design. Design Manual EM 11 10-2-2200. Washington, D.C. 1958.

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