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_ F 0~ ~ CO~~ PINS @ COAST OL~D LIONS SEARCH ED RESCUE Paw MAR 6, PROCEDURES FOR UNDER INCIDENT" (ha. -) @ OPAL SOB~ISS~UBSUNK BILL (pp. ~-~0) @ USED SUB~ISS~LBSUNK BILL FOR SUBMARINES AD MINED NONCOMBAT SUBMERSIBLES (NOSED INSERTION 4740.1~ a. elm 706

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EXCERPI FROM COAST GUARD ADDENDUM TO THE NATIONAL SAR MANUAL CHAPTER 6. PROCEDURES FOR UNDERWATER INCIDENTS (a) CG Diving Policies & Procedures Manual, COMDTINST M10560.4 series (NOTAL) (b) CG Navigation and Vessel Inspection Circular, COMDTPUB P16700.4 series (NOTAL) (c) CG Helicopter Rescue Swimmer Operations Manual, COMDTINST M3710.4 series (NOTAL) (d) CG Boat Crew Seamanship Manual, COMDTINST M16114.5 series (NOTAL) (e) CG Cutter Swimmer Instruction, COMDTINST 16134.1 series (NOTAL) (f) NAVSEA SUBMISS/SUBSUNK Bill for Submarines and Manned Noncombatant Submersibles, NAVSEAINST 4740.1 series (NOTAL) A. Purpose. 1. This chapter gives Coast Guard SAR response procedures for underwater incidents. It focuses on life-threatening incidents requiring assistance from military or civilian divers or dive resources. 2. Though not mandated to perform rescues, the Coast Guard is responsible for developing, maintaining and operating facilities for the promotion of safety under, as well as on and over the high seas and waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States; and, traditionally, has assisted distressed persons wherever and whenever possible. The responsibility extends submersibles operating on scientific, missions; capsized or sunken vessels; in which persons may be trapped. B. Submersibles. 1. 2. 3. to civilian industrial or other or crashed aircraft Most SAR cases involving submersibles have occurred on the surface. The Coast Guard or local resources handle these. Rescues of persons trapped in sunken vessels will normally require assistance from outside resources. Submersibles have good safety records, but a few accidents have demonstrated the difficulty of rescue and the potential for high public interest. The number of submersibles, especially for recreational and passenger- for-hire use, is increasing, and, therefore, increasing the probability of rescue incidences. The Coast Guard has no special equipment to assist submerged vessels or persons trapped in underwater habitats. It must request suitable outside equipment and assistance. 109

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4. 5. The U.S. Navy is the primary source of expertise and resources for complex underwater SAR incidents. The Navy Department's point of contact is the Navy Command Center Duty Captain at the Pentagon. This Navy command center can provide fleet resources, specialized experimental equipment and civilian undersea salvage specialists. When the Navy responds, it normally assumes SAR mission coordination and the Coast Guard takes on a support role. Until then the Coast Guard must respond with its own or other available resources. Reference (a), Coast Guard Diving Policies and Procedures, states that a Commanding Officer may use military divers, commercial divers or similarly highly trained diving resources, such as local police divers. If a commanding officer is faced with a life threatening situation and none of the military, commercial or other highly trained diving resources are reasonably available, he may consider using personnel with recreational diver qualifications who volunteer their services. Reference (a) states clearly that this discretion should be exercised most carefully after seriously considering the training, qualification, medical, physical, and psychological condition of the volunteer, the condition of the diver's equipment, and the hazards of the dive. 6. Submersible operators have no mutual assistance plans at this time. Plans are being developed to possibly create a mutual assistance program for research/construction deep submersible owners and operators. This initiative is being facilitated by NOAA and members of the deep diving submersible community. 7. recreational Commandant (G-MTH) has described various safety procedures for passenger-carrying-submersibles in reference (b). Various requirements for safety of submersible vessels carrying more than six passengers include maximum depth of water for the submersible's operating area, means of escape from the pressure hull, predetermined route of the submersible, support vessel, lifesaving equipment, life support systems, etc. This publication also outlines the authority and recommended actions of the Captain of the Port (COTP) regarding ~ submersibles. llO

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EXCERPT FROM COAST GUARD ADDENDUM TO THE NATIONAL SAR MANUAL S. The Coast Guard operates a voluntary reporting system for civilian submersible operations for salvage, research, construction, etc. Submersible operators may provide the nearest Coast Guard district with details of a planned submersible operation. C. Persons Trapped in Capsized Vessels. 1. Incidents do occur where persons are trapped under capsized vessels or in compartments of vessels, aircraft, automobiles, etc. Coast Guard resources for rescue in these cases are severely limited. Immediate Coast Guard SAR response resources may include SRU's which may have rescue swimmers. Rescue of persons trapped below the surface of the water is an inherently dangerous exercise and therefore the long standing policy of the Coast Guard regarding placing of Coast Guard personnel in "unreasonable danger" applies. 2. Policy regarding the use of rescue swimmers is: a. Helicopter Rescue Swimmers. Outlined in reference (c). The decision to deploy a helicopter rescue swimmer is initiated by the pilot-in-command, but the rescue swimmer has the authority to decline deployment if the rescue swimmer assesses the situation to be beyond his/her capabilities. A helicopter rescue swimmer shall not swim into nor under a capsized or submerged vessel, aircraft, or vehicle. The helicopter rescue swimmer may search visually and reach inside from the exterior of the object. If it is determined that someone is trapped under or in the object and cannot be reached from the exterior, alternative assistance must be used such as divers. b. Small Boat Swimmers. Procedures for small boat swimmers are presented in reference (d). Swimmers from small boat SRUs are normally boat crewmembers without specialized rescue swimmer training and operate tethered to the small boat. c. Cutter Swimmers. The training requirements and intent of the use of swimmers from cutters are outlined in reference (e). Cutter swimmers are not meant to act on their own and are to be tethered and serve as the means of transporting a victim back to the cutter or its small boat. a. Procedures recommended for rescuing personnel trapped in a capsized vessel are:

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OCEDI,JRES FOR UNDERWATER INCIDENTS Upon arrival on scene attempt to find out if anyone is trapped inside and where they might be. Question survivors, especially those who escaped from the hull. Communicate through the hull by tapping or shouting. If successful, keep trapped persons advised throughout the operation. Stabilize the hull with other boats tied alongside or with a buoy tender. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO RIGHT THE BOAT at this stage. c. Estimate the volume of air remaining in the compartment. This estimation need not be exact, but it is necessary in order to calculate the remaining survival time of the trapped persons. An approximation of the total minutes of breathable air remaining from the time of capsizing can be calculated by multiplying the volume of trapped air (in cubic feet) by three and then dividing by the number of persons trapped. d. Rescue swimmers may dive beside the vessel and attempt to lead trapped persons out by reaching under or inside the vessel. The rescue swimmer shall not dive under or into the vessel or any of its compartments. e. Inject clean air only from diving tanks or diving compressors so that it bubbles up inside. This will help keep the boat afloat and may provide more breathing air. Unless one end of the hose is connected to a source of air pressure or unless the hose has a check valve, do not put the air hose in the air pocket. This precaution is to prevent siphoning air out of the pocket through the hose. DO NOT puncture the hull to get air to victims--this can cause loss of the air they have. f. Only if no rescue from the capsized vessel is possible, rerighting the craft may be considered. Refer to reference (d) for direction and procedures for rerighting a craft. If rerighting cannot be accomplished safely, very carefully tow the vessel close to shore and attempt beaching. Do not allow vessel to roll over because it may sink. Keep the trapped persons informed of your intentions. Do not use gas cutting torches on powered vessels to cut through the hull to remove trapped personnel. ~2

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EXCERPT FROM COAST GUARD ADDENDUM TO THE NATIONAL SAR MANUAL D. Use of Underwater Acoustic Beacons (fingers). 1. Many aircraft downed in moderate or shallow waters have not been found, or excessive time and funds have been expended in determining crash locations. Some of these aircraft could have been located if they had an installed Underwater Acoustic Beacon, commonly called a pinger. A pinger emits a sound in a submerged aircraft that may be detected by surface craft or divers using an underwater acoustic locator. All Coast Guard aircraft have been equipped with gingers. 2. Pingers may be attached to the hull of an overturned vessel that is in danger of sinking, when personnel are known or suspected to be trapped inside the hull. This action is not routine, and is not taken in all SAR cases involving overturned hulls. When such action is needed, the OSC should request a pinger from the SMC. Pingers are not readily available in all locations. They may be obtained from a Coast Guard or U. S. Navy air station or by calling the U. S. Navy Duty Captain desk at the Pentagon for supply by the Supervisor of Salvage. Personnel trained to locate pingers using locator receivers are available through the U. S. Navy Supervisor of Salvage office. For emergencies, requests for service are to made with the U. S. Navy Duty Captain Desk in the Pentagon. E. ~ _~' 1. Coast Guard Rescue Coordination Centers shall: a. Monitor civilian submersible and underwater habitat activity within the district and advise the Commandant of developments which may affect procedures and policies of this directive. b. Inform submersible manufacturers, owners and operators within the district of the voluntary reporting system for submersible operations. When informed of a civilian submersible operation, send a message to Chief of Naval Operations and issue a Notice to Mariners giving the locationts) and timers) of the operation. Tourist submersibles are approved for specific sites and have as many as 12 dives per day; therefore, notification for tourist submersibles should be as a permanent record. d. Maintain files of copies of the Certificate of Inspection (COT) and a copy of the submersible operations manual as approved by the COTP in the RCC for reference in the event of a rescue incident. ,,~

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PROCEDURES FOR UNDERWATER INCIDENTS Establish a resource file of local, state, commercial, military rescue and/or salvage divers and submersibles for use in underwater search and rescue. f. When assistance is required for a civilian underwater SAR incident: (1) Call the Navy Department Duty Captain at the Pentagon (On duty 24 hours: Commercial (202) 695- 0231, Autovon 225-0231~. If the incident involves a civilian submersible, request implementation of SUBMISS/SUBSUNK per reference (f). Send a fOllOW-UD message confirming the request. ~ _ _~ _ (2) Respond with Coast Guard resources as appropriate (On-Scene Commander, rescue platform such as buoy tender, traffic control, aircraft, communications, and/or logistics.) (3) Serve as SAR Mission Coordinator (SMC). If Navy resources are used, the Navy may assume SMC. If the Navy assumes SMC, continue to assist as requested. (4) Inform the Area Commander and Commandant of the progress of the rescue before and after the Navy assumes SMC. (5) Prepare a SAR Case Study in addition to the normal assistance report. 2. Commandant (G-NRS) shall: a. Maintain liason with the Navy and other organizations to coordinate planning for civilian underwater SAR emergencies. b. Distribute available reports on U.S. submersibles and other appropriate information to district commanders and to Rescue Coordination Centers. ~4

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EXCERPT FROM COAST GUARD ADDENDUM TO THE NATIONAL SAR MANUAL 3. Marine Inspection Offices/COTPs shall: a. Forward copies of the Certificate of Inspection (COI) and the approved operations manual of passenger carrying submersibles to the appropriate RCC showing safety features and conditions, determined route, depth and any other applicable information necessary to prosecute a SAR case with the vessel. b. Submit to the appropriate RCC information on any requirements developed for recreational submersibles Authorizations for recreational submersible operations should be copied to the RCC. 115

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up From: Chief of Natural Operations Subj: OPNAV .SUBMISS/SUBSUNK BILL DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF NAVAL OPERATIONS WASHINGTON. DC 203S0 2000 IN REPLY REFER TO 3130 Ser 02/9U576280 12 September 1989 Encl: (1) Information Regarding Action to be Taken in the Washington Area (2) Washington Area Notification List (3) Information Regarding Capabilities of Forces Afloat (4) Information Regarding Manned Noncombatant Submersibles/Submarines (S) Status of Rescue Agreements with Foreign Countries 1. Enclosures (l) through (5) provide information to assist the Navy Department Duty Captain (NDDC) and Navy Command Center (NCC) personnel in the event SrJBMISS/SUBSUNK is declared for a submarine or manned noncombatant submersible. 2. This letter supersedes CNO ltr 3130 Ser 02/8U576271 of 9 May 88. 3. Enclosures (1) through (5) are to be incorporated into the "Submarine Disaster Binder" maintained in the Navy Command Center and the OP-02 Duty Officer's safe. OP-231 will verify and update this binder on a semiannual basis. The OPNAV point of contact is OP-231 at 202-697-2069. ~~- D . L . Cp O~: R By direc~n Distribution: CNO (OP-OON, O9C, 092, 093, 21, 22, 23, 24, 29, 03, 04, 05, 06, 64, 07) COMNAVSEASYSCOM (SEA-OOP2 for Duty Officer, PMS-393 TIC, PMS-395) COMNAVMILPERSCOM (Code NOll for Duty Officer) 116

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INFORMATION REGARDING ACTION SO BE TAKEN I N THE WASH I NGTON AREA _ SUBt4ISS/SUBSUNK declaration is made as follows: a. For a U.S. or fr iendly foreign submar ine operating under U.S. control, SUBbSISS/SVBSUNK will be declared by the Submar ine Operating Author ity under whose control the submar ine is opera t ing . b. For a manned noncombatant stabber s ible opera ted by the Navy or operating under a Nary lease, SUBMISS/SUBSVNK will be declared by the Submar ine Operating Author ity in whose area the submersible is operating. U.S. c. For the loss of a civilian submersible not operated by or under lease to the U. S. Navy, the U. S. Coast Guard may reques t Nary assistance in accordance with the National Search and Rescue Plan, 1969. Under federal law, the Coast Guard is responsible for developing, establishing, maintaining and operating, with due regard to the requirements of national defense, rescue facilities for the promotion of safety on, under, and over the high seas and waters sub ject to the jur isdiction of the United States. The Navy is assigned no direct responsibility in the National SM Plan for the re scue of per sonnet or sa Ivage of c iv i ~ i an owned and ope r a ted submersibles. However, provision is made for the use of Navy facilities to meet civil needs on a not-to-interfere basis with higher pr for ity military missions. If Navy assistance is requested by the Coast Guard, SUBMISS/SUBSUNK will be declared by the Navy Depar tmen t Du ty Capta in ~ N~DC) af te r consu I ta ~ ion w i th the cognizant fleet commander and the Assistant Chief of Naval Opera t ions ( Under sea war f are ) ( 08-02 ~ . ~ f SUBMISS/SUBSUNK i s declared, the Navy will respond to the fullest extent possible within its existing capabilities. If Navy assistance is provided, the NDDC, when requested by OP-02, wi Il des ignate a Naval Command as SAR Mission Coordinator (SMC) and will notify the cognizant Coast Guard Area or Distr ict Commander of this designation. The SAC wilt designate an appropr late naval of f icer on scene as the On Scene Commander {OSC). The OSC shall be qualified for succession to command at sea, and if practicable, be a submar ine of f icer serving in a submarine billet. d. OP-02 will evaluate any request for submarine or submersible rescue not addressed above and direct action as may be deemed appropriate by cognizant U.S. authority. 2. When SUBMISS/SUBSUNR is declared by a Submarine Operating Author ity or when a canned civilian non-combatant submersible eme agency ar i ses, the fol l ow ing act ions wi Il be taken w i th i n OPNAV: Enclosure (~) ~7

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a . The NDOC she ~ I: (~) Notify the persons and activities listed in the Washington Area Notif ication List, enclosure {2) . Notif ication should be made in the order listed us ing the most exped i t ious means ava i fable . (2) Coordinate with the OP-02 Cr isis Action Team (CAT) leade r . (3) Upon receipt of a request for naval assistance from a cognizant Coast Guard area or distr ict commander, declare SUBMISS/SUBSUNK for the loss of a manned civilian submersible not operated by or under Navy lease, after consultation with the Assistant Chief of Naval Operations (Undersea Warfare) (OP-02) and the cognizant f lee t commander . Request that the f lee t commander take appropr late action and author i ze ~ irect liaison with the cognizant V. S. Coast Guard commander . (4 ~ Inform the Chief of Naval Information (CHINF,O) in order to coordinate preparation of a statement con- c e r n i ng th e SUBMI SS/SUBSUNK ev en t . Al ~ i n f orma t i on releases will be coordinated with the cognizant fleet commander and OPNAV staff offices. If a nuclear submar ine is involved, the release must be cleared through the Nuclear Propulsion Directorate (SEA-08 ~ . b. OP-02 shall determine the type of watch to be set in the CNO Cr Isis Action Center to coordir~ate follow-on actions. A Cr Isis Action Team {CAT) or a response cell will be formed to coordinate actions and remain stationed until the SUBMISS/SUBSUNK condition is terminated. In some instances, such as responding to a foreign country under a rescue agreement, a one-officer continuous watch in the COO Crisis Action Center may be su f f ic tent . For the loss of a U. S . submar ine, the comple te CAT would be required. (1) The following are designated to report to the NCC to form the CAT or response cell. C_ I II III Leader OP-21 OP-22 OP-23 Asst Invader OP-212C OP-232 OP-223C Member OP-231 OP-223E OP-212D Cler ical Suppor t OP-21W OP-22W OP-02S1 118

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DEPARTMENT OF TH E NAVY NAVAl RFA SYSTFMS COMMAN[) ~JA:~H'NGrON t)C 20367 5 1,'1 NAVSEA IN STRUCT ION 4740 .1A CHAN GE TRAN SM I TTAL 1 _ .. .. ... . . . . .. . .. From: Commander, Naval Sea Systems Command 1N REPL' REFER ro NAVSEA IN ST 4740. 1A CH -1 r)pH PMS395 ,\ .14N 1 98R, Subj: NAVSEA SUBMISS/SUBSUNK B ILL FOR SU8MAR INKS AND MANNED NONCOI.lBATANT SIJBMERS IBLES Encl: ( 1 ) New Encl os ure ( 1 ) 1. Purpose. To update the NAVSEA SUBMISS/SUBSUNK BILL. 2. Action a. Replace old enclosure (1) with new enclosure (1). b. Make the fol l owi ng pen and i nk changes. (1) Change reference (a) to 'iCNO ltr Ser 02/6U385030 of 1 Apr 86, Subj: OPNAV SUBMISS/SUBSUNK Bi] l ". (2) In pare 2.d, third line, of enc~osure (2) delete "SLM or SHAPM" and i nsert " Program Manager " . (3) In pare 5. first two ~ ines, of enclosure (2) del ete "PDS 350. SHAPM" and insert "the applicable NAVSEA Program Manager". (4) In pare 4, second l ine, of appendix A to enclosure (2) del ete "921R" and i nsert "92Q" Di stri button: ~ See next page s-003 /' ~ ~ \~. 11. Cantrell Deputy Commander Submarine Directorate 129

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NAVSEA IN ST 4740. l A CH- 1 8 dAN 1988 Di stri but~on: SNDL Al A2A A3 A5 B5 21A 23 24G 26V V2 28K C84B FB 3() FD1 FF1 FF5 FKQ6C EKQ6 G rKQ6E FKQ6B F Kl\12 2 FKP6D F OCR for page 108
NAVSEA SUBMISS/SUBSUNK Notification List .. . . . . . . . . . ~ . .. ... . . . . . . . . . .. NAVSEAINST 4740.1 A CH-1 8 JAN 1988 Code T l I Ll ()Ff ICE** SEA 92 Deputy Commander for Submarines 692-l 564 SEA 00 Commander. NAVSEA 692-3381 SEA 08 Deputy Commander for Nucl ear 692-3887 Pro pul s i o n ( I F N UCLEAI? SUBMAR IN E ~ SEA 09 Vi ce Commander, NAVSEA 692-3681 *PMS395 Program Manager, Deep Submergence Systems 692-3421 Pro g r am ~ See No te 1 ~ SEA OOC Director of Ocean Engineering, 697-7386 Supervisor of Sal vage and Diving *PMS 350 Program Manager, SEA WOLF Class Submarine 692-5503 Acquisition Program Management Office *PMS393 Program Manager, Attack Submari ne 692-3405 Program (See Note 1) *PMS396 Program Manager, Strategic Submarine 692-7207 Pro g ram SEA 08 Appl icahl e SEA 08 Pro ject Officer (as determined by the app] icabl e EMS) SEA OOD Di rector, Congres signal /Publ i c Af fai rs Of fi ce 692-6928 * Applicable Program Manager for particular submarine. **NAVSEA duty officer has access to all home phone numbers. Note 1. PMS395 i s the Program Flanager for the fol 1 owi ng SSNs: ... . _ USS SAM HOUSTON (SSN 609) USS JOHN ~RSHALL (SSN 611) USS PARCHE (S~ 683) USS RICHARD 13. RUSSELL (SSN 687) 131 Encl os ure (1 )

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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY NAVAL SEA SYSTEMS COMMAND WASHINGS TON. ~ ~2 5 t 01 NAVSEA I NSTRUCT ION 4740 .1A f rom: Commander , Naval Sea Systems Command To: All Offices Reporting Di rectly to COblNAVSEA IN. REFLY REFER T0 NAVSEAI NST 4740. Ser 92/34 12 Sep 85 Subs: NAVSEA SUBb1ISS/SUBSUNK BILL FOR Sl)13MARINES AND MANNED NONCOMBATANT StJB~tERS I BLES Ref: (a) OPNAVINST 31 30.2G of 3 Jul 84, Subj: OPNAV SUBllISS/SUBSUNK BILL Encl: (1 ~ NAVSEA SUBMISS/SUBSUNK Notification Li st (2) NAVSEA Action To Be Taken In Support Of A SlJBMISS/SUBSUNK Event 1 . Purpose. To ensure that the Navel Sea Systems Command i s al erted to provide assistance whenever a SU13~1ISS/SUBSUNK event is executed for submarines or manned noncombatant s~bmersi bl es . 9. ancel 1 ati on. NAVSEAINST 4740.1 of 23 January 1975. 3. Background a. Reference (a) outl ines the actions to be taken by the Navy Department !)uty Captain (()PNAV), Navy Command Center (ICC), in case of a SUBt4ISS/SUBSUNK event involving a U.S. submarine, ~ friendly foreign submarine operating under U.S. control ~ or a manned noncombatant submersible operated by the U.S. Navy or operating under Navy 1 ease. "EVENT SUBMISSJSUBSUNK" wi 1 1 be placed in effect by the submarine operating authority under whose control the submarine is operating. A submarine may be reported missing (SUBMISS) if the crew fails to observe a scheduled contact (in accordance with its operational orders) within a prescribed time lapse. If a submarine is known to be lost through accident or has been listed SUBMISS for a prescribed period, a SUBSUNK report may be issued. In either case the report will be issued by the parent command of the missing submarine by naval message of FLASH precedence. The Navy Department Duty Captain is directed by reference (a) to noti fy the NAVSEA Headqua rters Duty Of fi cer of the si tuati on . b. "EVENT SUBMISS/SUBSUNK" wi 1 1 al so be p1 aced i n ef feet by the Navy [)epartment Duty Captai n when U. S. Navy assi stance i s requested by the U. S. Coast Guard in the event of the loss of a submersible not operated by or under 1 ease to the U.S. Navy. Under the terms of the National Search and Rescue pl an, a federal government i nteragency agreement, the Coast Guard has author) ty to call upon the facilities of other signatory agencies for assistance in Search and Rescue (SAR) cases. If so requested, the Navy wil 1 respond to the f u] lest extent pos si bl e wi thi n i ts capabi 1 i ti es . A SUSHI SS/ SUB SUNK report wil 1 be issued by naval message of FLASH precedence. The Navy Department Duty Captai n i s di rected by reference (a) to noti fy the NAVSEA Headquarters Duty Of fi cer of the si tuati on. 5 - 1 44 132

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FJAVSEA I NST 4740. 1A 19 Sep 85 4. _cope a. Thi s i nstructi on serves to: (1) Ensure NAVSEA codes who may receive notification of a S~J8MISS/ SUBSUNI; event al ert appropri ate personnel . (2) I:)esignate and assign responsibil ities to hIAVSE,) codes for support o f SUSh1ISS/SUBSUNK events . b. The provisions of this instruction wi] 1 cease to apply should the operation become one of a salvage nature. Appropriate salvage instructions wil 1 then apply. This could occur should: ~1 ) The personnel in the submarine escape or be rescued and the submarine or parts thereof remain on the bottom. (2) The personnel entrapped have perished due to exhaustion of their life support or some other casualty and rescue is no longer possible. 5. Acti on a. NAVSEA personnel who receive noti fication of a SUBMISS/SU8SlJNK event shall immediately ensure that the NAVSEA Headquarters Duty Officer (duri ng non-work) ng hours) or the NAVSEA Deputy Commander for Submari nes (SEA 92) (during working hours) is notified. b. When noti fled that "EVENT SUBblISS/SlJ85UNK" has been pl aced in effect, the NAUSEA Headquarters Duty Officer (during non-working hours) or the NAVSEA Deputy Commander for Submarines (during working hours) shal 1 contact the personnel 1 i sted i n encl osure ( 1 ~ i n the order 1 i sted, and inform them of the situation and any actionts) requi red of them by encl osure (2~. c. The Deputy Commander for Submarines (SEA 92) seal 1 di rect the NAVSEA response to SUBMISS/SlJ8SUNK events. The Program Manager, Deep Submergence Systems Program, (PHS395) shall assist SEA 92 and shall act in his absence. Responsibil ities are assigned by enclosure (2) to affected NAVSEA codes. d. The Of fi ce of Eli 1 i tary Personnel ~ SEA ()OV) shal 1 ensure that a copy to this instruction and reference (a) are readi ly available to the NAVSEA Headquarters Duty Of fi cer i n the stand) ng i nstructi ons . Copy to: ~ See page H. L~OUNg~ Vice C\mmand;, 33

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IMAVSEAINST 4740.1 A 19 SeD 85 Distribution: (2 copies each unless otherwise indicated) SNOL A1 ASSTSECNAV RES A2A CNR A3 CN() (OP 23, l~p O9B1 ) -A5 Bu reaus B5 COMDT COGARD 2l A Fleet Cormanders in Chief 23 Force Comrranders 24G Submari ne Force Canmander s 261/ V2 COMSUBGRU REP 28~1 Submarine Group and Squadron LANT 28K2 Submari ne Group and Squadron PAC C84B N~SYS~ FB30 NAVSHIPREPFAC fD1 COMNAVOCEANCOM F F 1 COMNAVD I ST WASH I NGTON DC f F5 NAVSAFECEN . . . . E3D3 ~V~STSYSCEN E3D4 NAV~ANSYSCEN E3D6 DINSEDC E3D9 NUSC FKM22 NAVPURFORMCEN (20() and negati ves ) F KP6D NAVXP I V I l1(;U FK`P7 NAVSH I PYD FKP8 SUPSH I D FT44 NAV[) IVESALVTRACEN f T88 ED()SCOL OOC (10) ~/ ( 2 ) 08 (5) 92 (5) 921 ( 1 O) PDS 350 ( 2 ) P~tS393 ( 5 ) PMS394 ( 5 ) Stocked: PMS395 ( 5 ) Canma nd i ng Of f i ce r PtlS 396 ( 5 ) Na va 1 Publ i cat i ons and Fo rms Cente r O9B12 ( 2 ) 5801 Tabor Avenue O9B352 (100) Phi 1 adel phia, PA 19120 134

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NAVSEA SUBMISS/SUBSUNK Noti fication Li st . llAVSEAI NST 474r).1 A 19 Sen 8 5 Code TITLE OFF ICE** SEA 92 Deputy Commander for S''l~mari nes 692-1 5fi5 .SEA f)0 Commander, NAVSEA 692-3381 SEA 08 Deputy Comn~ander for Nucl ear 692-3887 Propul s i on ~ IF NUCLEAR SUBMAR INK ~ SEA O? Vi ce Commander, rJAVSEA 692-3681 P,nIS395 Program Flanager, neep Submergence Systems 692-3421 Prog ram SEA noc Di rector of Ocean Engi neeri ng, 697-7386 Supervi sor of Sa 1 vage and [)i vi ng *PDS 35() ni rector, Attack Subrnari ne Acqui si ti on 692-7002 Program (SSN 21 C1 ass ~ *SEA 921 [)i rector, Submari ne Logi sti c Di vi si on 692-3405 *~15393 Program Manager, Attack Sub'~arine Acquisition 692-720() Prog ram *PMS.394 Progra~n Manager, SSN 21 Acqui si ti on Progra~n 692-1888 *DMS396 Program Manager,TRIl)ENT Submarine Acquisition 692-7208 Prog ram SEA oR Appl icable SEA na Project Officer (as determi ned by PDS 35(), SEA 921 or the PMS, as appl i cabl e) SEA OO Director, Congressional/Public Affairs Office 692-6928 * Applicable Ship Logistics Manager (SLM), Program Director (PnS) or Ship Acqui si ti on Project Manager ~ SHAP!~1) for parti cul ar submari ne . **NAVSEA duty officer has access to all home phone numbers. 135 Encl osure ( 1

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NAVSEA Action To Be Taken In Support Of A SUBMI.SS/SUBSUNK Event . _ . . _ . . 1. When notified that "EVENT SUBMISS/SUBSUNK" has been placed in effect, the Duty Officer (during non-working hours) or the Deputy Commander for Submarines (SEA 92) (during working hours) shall: NAV.SEAlKST 4740.1A 12 Seo 8S a. Contact the personnel listed in enclosure (1 ), in the order listed, either at work or home, using the most expeditious means avai 1 able. b. Inform them of the situation and the actionts) required of them as listed herein. (Appendix A hereto provides background information on noncombatant submarines and submersibles.) 2. Upon being noti fled of "EVENT SUBMISS/SUBSIJNK", SEA 92 shal 1 take the fol lowing action: a. Assi st the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Submarine Warfare) (OP-02) in coordinating CNO's action. A Crisis Action Team or a response cel 1 wil ~ have been established in the CNO Crisis Action Center (697-6573, 4, 5) under OP-07 d i rect i on . b. Contact the operational TYCOM to determine what technical assistance can be of fered. c. Establish a continuous watch in SEA 92. d. Provide advice and direction to the Supervisor of Salvage, the Program Manager, Deep Submergence Systems Program, (PMS395) and the appl icable SLY or SHAPE for the parti cul ar vessel . e. Al ert the Naval Shi pya rd Commander nea rest the scene . f. Alert the Supervisor of Shipbuilding, Conversion and Repair, USN nea rest the scene. 9. If the submarine is nuclear-powered, coordinate information and action with the Deputy Commander for Nuclear Propulsion (SEA ()8~. h. Establ i sh 1 i a i son wi th the Commander, Submari ne Devel opulent Group ONE. Encl osure (2) 136

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NAYSEA I MIST 4740. 1A 12 Sep 85 3. Upon being notified of a SUB~tISS/SUBSt.)NK event, PMS395 shall provide advice to SEA 92 on submersibles and rescue matters. 4. tJpon hei ng noti fled of a SUBMISSJSUBSUNK event, the Supervi sor of Salvage (S'JPSALV) (SEA neck shall take the following action: a. Provide advice to SEA 92 on diving and salvage matters. to. Make al 1 preparations to deploy the Experimental Diving Unit's emergency di vi ng team. c. Al ert the Navy ni vi ng and Sal vage School of the event and pos si bl e drawdown of i ts i nstructor personnel . d. Alert SUPSALV Deep Drone contractor and CUR Y I II personnel for pos s i bl e depl oyment . Alert the closest emergency ship salvage material base. Al ert the appropri ate di vi ng contractor. 9. Al ert the appropri ate Sal vage contractor. h. When di rected by SEA 92, execute a rescue by Sal vase. 5. Upon bei ng noti fi ed of a S'JB'1ISS/SUBSkJNK event, POS 350 ~ SSN 21 ~ or the NAVSEA SLM or SHAPM for the particular submarine will take the following act i on: e. f. a. Provi de advice to SEA 92 and to SEA OOC on submari ne matters. h. Alert and coordinate with the SEA OS Program Officer (if a nuclear snarl ne i s i nvol ved ~ . c. Assemble the appl icable fol lowing publ ications for the submarine or suhn~ersi bl e as appropri ate: l ~ Bookl et of General Pl ens (2) Training Aid Booklets (3) Submarine Certi fication Boundary Book (4) F)amage Control Rook 137 Encl osure ( 2 )

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( 5 ) Shi p Sa 1 vage Drawi ngs (6) Ship Systems Manual s (7) Steam and Electric Plant Manuals 6. upon being notified of a SUBMISS/SUBSUNK event, the Public Affairs Office (SEA ODD) shall advise SEA 92 and prepare media notification (via the Navy's Office of Information) about the event, coordinating ef forts -with SEA 08 when a nucl ear powered submari ne i s i nvol ved . NAVSEAINST 4740. 1A 12 Sep 8 5 Encl osure ~ 2 138

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Background Information Regarding Noncombatant Submari nes and Sul~mersi bl es NAYSEAINST 4740. 1A 12 Sep 85 1. Noncombatant submarines and submersibles are generally designed to perform specific ocean engineering tasks. As ~ result the size, hul ~ form, and equi pment arrangements of such vessel s are usual ly quite di fferent from those of combatant submari nest 2. Noncombatant submarines and submersibles have the fol lowing common character) sti cs: a. The 1 i fe support i s short term except for NR-1 and USS DOLPHIN. b. Hatches are not compati bl e with the Submarine Rescue Chamber or the Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) used for submarine rescue. c. They are general ly not desi gned for escape using buoyant ascent. d. The most feasible method of saving the lives of the crew is to Sal v age the vessel . 3. The NAVSEA Deep Submergence Program Of fi ce ~ PMS395 ~ i s responsi bl e for the technical and logistic support of noncombatant submarines and subn~ersibles. These include NR-1, USS DOLPHIN, DSV TURTLE, DSV SEA CLIFF, OSRV MYSTIC and DSRV AVALON. PMS395 has detailed knowledge about these subT ari nes/submersi bl es. 4. F)SV AL\IIN is operated for the Navy by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute. SEA 921 R has detai 1 ed knowl edge about thi s submersi bl e. 139 Appendi x A Encl os ure ~ 2