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Pay for Performance: Evaluating Performance Appraisal and Merit Pay References Abowd, J. 1990 Does performance based management compensation affect corporate performance? Industrial and Labor Relations Review 43(3):52-73. Adams, J. 1965 Inequity in social exchange. Pp. 272-283 in L. Berkowitz, ed., Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. New York: Academic Press. Advisory Committee on Federal Pay 1990 Advisory Committee on Federal Pay: 19th Annual Report to the President of the United States. Washington, D.C.: Advisory Committee on Federal Pay. Allan, P., and Rosenberg, S. 1986 An assessment of merit pay administration under New York City's managerial performance evaluation system: three years of experience. Public Personnel Management 15:297-309. Allison, G. 1983 Public and private management: are they fundamentally alike in all unimportant ways? In J. Perry and K. Kraemer, eds., Public Management: Public and Private Perspectives. Palo Alto, Calif.: Mayfield. American Compensation Association 1987 Report on the 1987 Survey of Salary Management Practices. Scottsdale, Ariz.: American Compensation Association. American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, and National Council on Measurement in Education 1985 Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
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Pay for Performance: Evaluating Performance Appraisal and Merit Pay Angoff, W. 1988 Validity: an evolving concept. Pp. 19-32 in H. Wainer and H. Braun, eds., Test Validity. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum. Argyris, C. 1964 Integrating the Individual and the Organization. New York: Wiley. Babchuk, N., and Goode, W. 1951 Work incentives in a self-determined work group. American Social Review 16:679-687. Balkin, D., and Gomez-Mejia, L. 1984 Determinants of R and D compensation strategies in the high tech industry. Personnel Psychology 37(4):635-650. 1987a An integrated framework for the compensation system. Pp. 1-6 in D. Balkin and L. Gomez-Mejia, eds., New Perspectives on Compensation . Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. 1987b Toward a contingent theory of compensation strategy. Strategic Management Journal 8:169-182. 1990 Matching compensation and organizational strategies. Strategic Management Journal 11:153-169. Banks, C., and Murphy, K. 1985 Toward narrowing the research-practice gap in performance appraisal. Personnel Psychology 38:335-345. Bann, C., and Johnson, J. 1984 Federal employee attitudes toward reform: performance evaluation and merit pay. P. 79 in P. Ingraham and C. Ban, eds., Legislating Bureaucratic Change: The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978. Albany: N.Y.: SUNY Press. Baron, J., Dobbin, F., and Jennings, P. 1986 War and peace: the evolution of modern personnel administration in U.S. industry. American Journal of Sociology 92:350-383. Bartlett, C., and Ghoshal, S. 1988 Organizing for worldwide effectiveness: the transnational solution. California Management Review Fall:54-74. Beer, M., Eisenstat, R., and Spector, B. 1990 The Critical Path: Mobilizing Human Resources for Corporate Renewal. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Business School Press. Beer, M., Spector, B., Lawrence, P., Mills, D., and Walton, R. 1985 Human Resource Management: A General Manager's Perspective. New York: The Free Press. Berg, N. 1965 Strategic planning in conglomerate companies. Harvard Business Review May/June:79-92. Berkshire, J., and Highland, R. 1953 Forced-choice performance rating—a methodological study. Personnel Psychology 6:355-378. Bernardin, H. 1977 Behavior expectation scales versus summated scales: a fairer comparison. Journal of Applied Psychology 62:422-427.
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Pay for Performance: Evaluating Performance Appraisal and Merit Pay Bernardin, H., and Beatty, R. 1984 Performance Appraisal: Assessing Performance at Work. Boston: Kent Press. Bernardin, H., and Buckley, M. 1981 Strategies in rater training. Academy of Management Review 6:205-212. Bernardin, H., Morgan, B., and Winne, P. 1980 The design of a personnel evaluation system for police officers. JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology 10:1-280. Bialek, H., Zapf, D., and McGuire, W. 1977 Personnel Turbulence and Time Utilization in an Infantry Division . Report #FR-WD-CA 77-11. Alexandria, Va.: Human Resources Research Organization. Bjerke, D., Cleveland, J., Morrison, R., and Wilson, W. 1987 Officer Fitness Report Evaluation Study. Navy Personnel Research and Development Center Report, TR 88-4. Blanz, F., and Ghiselli, E. 1972 The mixed standard scale: a new rating system. Personnel Psychology 25:185-199. Blau, P. 1955 The Dynamics of Bureaucracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Blinder, A., ed. 1990 Paying for Productivity. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution. Borman, W. 1978 Exploring upper limits of reliability and validity in job performance ratings. Journal of Applied Psychology 63(2):135-144. 1983 Implications of personality theory and research for the rating of work performance in organizations. Pp. 127-172 in F. Landy, S. Zedeck, and J. Cleveland, eds., Performance Measurement and Theory . Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum. 1987 Personal constructs, performance schemata, and ''folk theories" of subordinate effectiveness: explorations in an Army officer sample. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 40:307-322. Borreson, H. 1967 The effects of instructions and item content on three types of ratings. Educational and Psychological Measurement 27:855-862. Brett, J. 1986 Commentary on procedural justice papers. Pp. 81-90 in R. Lewicki, B. Sheppard, and M. Bazerman, eds., Research on Negotiation in Organizations . Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press. Bretz, R., and Milkovich, G. 1989 Performance Appraisal in Large Organizations: Practice and Research Implications. Working paper #89-17. Center for Advanced Human Resource Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y. Brown, C. 1990 Firms' choice of pay method. Industrial and Labor Relations Review 43(3):165-182.
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Pay for Performance: Evaluating Performance Appraisal and Merit Pay Cascio, W. 1987 Costing Human Resources: The Financial Impact of Behavior in Organizations. Boston: Kent. Chandler, A. 1962 Strategy and Structure: Chapters in the History of American Industrial Enterprise. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Christal, R. 1974 The United States Air Force Occupational Research Project (AFHRL-TR-73-75). Brooks Air Force Base, Tex.: Air Force Human Resources Laboratory. Clark, C., and Primoff, E. 1979 Job elements and performance appraisal. Management: A Magazine for Government Managers 1:3-5. Cleveland, J., Murphy, K., and Williams, R. 1989 Multiple uses of performance appraisal: Prevalence and correlates. Journal of Applied Psychology 74(1):130-135. Cohen, R., and Greenberg, J. 1982 The justice concept in social psychology. Pp. 1-41 in J. Greenberg and R. Cohen, eds., Equity and Justice in Social Behavior. New York: Academic Press. Conference Board 1977 Appraising managerial performance: current practices and future directions. Conference Board Report No. 723. New York: Conference Board. 1984 Pay and performance: the interaction of compensation and performance appraisal. Conference Research Bulletin No. 155. New York: Conference Board. 1990 Variable pay: new performance rewards. Conference Board Research Bulletin No. 246. New York: Conference Board. Cook, F. 1981 When long-term incentives are not long-term incentives. Proceedings of the American Compensation Association's Regional Conferences. Scottsdale, Ariz.: American Compensation Association. Cooper, W. 1981 Ubiquitous halo. Psychological Bulletin 90:218-244. Cornelius, E., Hakel, M., and Sackett, P. 1979 A methodological approach to job classification for performance appraisal purposes. Personnel Psychology 32:283-297. Cronbach, L. 1990 Essentials of Psychological Testing. New York: Harper and Row. Deci, E. 1975 Intrinsic Motivation. New York: Plenum. DeCotiis, T. A. 1977 An analysis of the external validity and applied relevance of three rating formats. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance 19:247-267. Deming, E. 1986 Out of the Crisis. Cambridge, Mass.: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Center for Advanced Engineering.
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Pay for Performance: Evaluating Performance Appraisal and Merit Pay Fay, C., and Latham, G. 1982 Effects of training and rating scales on rating errors. Personnel Psychology 35:105-116. Feild, H., and Holley, W. 1982 The relationship of performance appraisal system characteristics to verdicts in selected employment discrimination cases. Academy of Management Journal 25(2):392-406. Feldman, J. 1981 Beyond attribution theory: cognitive processes in performance appraisal. Journal of Applied Psychology 66:127-148. 1986 Instrumentation and training for performance appraisal: a perceptual-cognitive viewpoint. In K. Rowland and G. Ferris, eds., Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management. Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press. Flanagan, J. 1954 The critical incident technique. Psychological Bulletin 51(4):327-358. Flanders, L., and Utterback, D. 1985 The management excellence inventory: a tool for management development. Public Management Forum May-June:403-410. Folger, R., and Konovsky, M. 1989 Effects of procedural and distributive justice on reactions to pay raise decisions. Academy of Management Journal 32(1):115-130. Ford, J., Kraiger, K., and Schectman, S. 1986 Study of race effects in objective indices and subjective evaluations of performance: a meta-analysis of performance criteria. Psychological Bulletin 99:330-337. Fossum, J., and Fitch, M. 1985 The effects of individual and contextual attributes on the size of recommended salary increases. Personnel Psychology 38:587-603. Freeman, R., and Medoff, J. 1984 What Do Unions Do? New York: Basic Books. Gaertner, K., and Gaertner, G. 1984 Performance evaluation and merit pay results in the Environmental Protection Agency and the Mine Safety and Health Administration. Pp. 87-112 in P. Ingraham and C. Ban, eds., Legislating Bureaucratic Change. Albany, N.Y.: SUNY Press. Galbraith, J. 1977 Organization Design. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley. Galbraith, J., and Kazanjian, R. 1986 Organizing to implement strategies of diversity and globalization. Human Resource Management 25(1):37-54. Gawthrop, L. 1984 Public Sector Management Systems and Ethics. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press.
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Representative terms from entire chapter: