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Interim Report of the Committee on Exclusive Economic Zone Information Needs Coastal States and Territories Marine Board Commission on Engineering and Techn ical Systems National Research Council National Academy Press Washington, D.C. 1990

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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the panel responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Frank Press is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its . _, administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Robert M. White is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Samuel O. Thier is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Frank Press and Dr. Robert M. White are chairman and vice-chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. The program described in this report is supported by Cooperative Agreement No. 14-35-0001- 30475 between the Minerals Management Service of the U.S. Department of the Interior and the National Academy of Sciences. The federal agencies that actively supported and participated in the committee's work were the United States Geological Survey and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Limited copies are available from: Marine Board Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems National Research Council 2101 Constitution Avenue Washington, DC 20418 Printed in the United States of America

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COMMITTEE ON EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE INFORMATION NEEDS PETER T. LUCAS, Chairman, Shell Development Company C. BARRY RALEIGH, Ace Chairman, University of Hawaii ROBERT CHASE, The Analytic Sciences Corporation DONALD ~ HULL, Oregon State Department of Geology and Mineral Industries ROBERT C. TYCE, University of Rhode Island J. ROBERT WOOLSEY, Mississippi Mineral Resources Institute ALAN G. YOUNG, Fugro-McClelland Marine Geosciences, Inc. Staff SUSAN GARBINI, Project Officer GLORIA GREEN, Project Assistant Government Liaisons BONNIE ~ McGREGOR, U.S. Geological Survey MILLINGTON LOCKWOOD, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . . .

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MARINE BOARD BRIAN J. WATT, Chairman, The Ralph M. Parsons Company Ltd. ROBERT N. STEINER, ~ce-Chairman, Delaware River Port Authority ROBERT G. BEA, NAE, University of California, Berkeley JAMES M. BROADUS, III, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution SYLVIA ALICE EARLE, Deep Ocean Engineering LARRY L. GENTRY, Lockheed Advanced Marine Systems ROBERT TURNER HUDSPETH, Oregon State University MARCUS J. JOHNSON, Sea-Land Service, Inc. JUDITH T. KILDOW, Tufts University BERNARD LE MEHAUTE, University of Miami WILLIAM R. MURDEN, NAE, Murden Marine, Ltd. JOSEPH D. PORRICELLI, ECO, Inc. PAUL A. SANDIFER, South Carolina Wildlife Marine Resources Department JERRY R. SCHUBEL, State University of New York, Stony Brook PETER R. TATRO, Scientific Applications International Corporation GEORGE P. VANCE, Mobile Research and Development Corporation DON WALSH, International Maritime Inc. EDWARD WENK, JR., NAE, University of Washington, Emeritus Staff CHARLES ~ BOOKMAN, Director DONALD W. PERKINS, Associate Director SUSAN GARBINI, Project Officer ALEXANDER B. STAVOVY, Project Officer WAYNE YOUNG, Project Officer DORIS C. HOLMES, Staff Associate AURORE BLECK, Senior Project Assistant DELPHINE D. GLAZE, Senior Project Assistant GLORLA B. GREEN, Project Assistant CARLA D. MOORE, Project Assistant 1V

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PREFACE This report is the first in a planned series by the Marine Board Committee on Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Information Needs. The committee's charge is to provide advice to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Joint Office for Mapping and Research (JOMAR) in the EEZ on the needs of non-federal users of data and information from mapping and research activities. Because these reports are intended as advice to JOMAR in relation to ongoing mapping and research programs, the focus of attention is on data related to geology, mapping, and bathymetry and on . non- 1vlng resources. The committee is not, in this report, prepared to consider questions about allocation of resources for existing or future activities in the EEZ but has focused its efforts on determining the substantive (rather than quantitative) needs for various categories of data. Therefore, it takes no stand on whether ongoing programs, such as bathymetry or seafloor imagery, need to be modified. This report is based on two courses of investigation linked by common aims: first, an analysis of responses to a questionnaire sent to the coastal states and territories asking them to prioritize their information needs in relation to present and planned uses of their offshore areas; and second, a determination of the data needs associated with specific present and potential EEZ uses or activities. The aims of this two-pronged approach are to encompass the core issues common to both the users and the uses of the EEZ. Future reports will examine information needs of other segments of the user community, including industry and research organizations that have an interest in information about the nation's offshore areas, and will further explore the issues of technology needs and data management concerns associated with present and potential uses of the EEZ. The committee's activities are sponsored by the USGS and NOAA

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CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY BACKGROUND OF STUDY The U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone, 3 USGS/NOAA Joint Office for Mapping and Research, 3 NRC Committees, 4 Committee Composition and Objectives, 4 COASTAL STATES' AND TERRITORIES' NEEDS FOR SEABED INFORMATION Description of Questionnaire, 7 Analysis of Responses, 8 INDEPENDENT ANALYSIS BY COMMI'l'l'~E Information Needs Based on Uses, 11 Data Management Architecture for Seabed Information, 13 FINDINGS AND CONCLUSIONS ........ General Findings, 15 Data Type Priorities of EEZ Activities, 15 Geographic Focus of EEZ Activities, 16 Data Management Issues, 17 . 11 . . V11 . 15

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