Index

A

Accounting systems ,11 ,23-25 ,33 ,60

Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) , 39-41 ,44 ,45 ,69-70

Activity-based costing ,23 ,33

Advanced Civilian Technology Agency ,71

Advisory boards, industrial-university ,49

Analytical models ,21

Automobile industry ,5 ,6 ,29

B

Benchmarking, competitive ,23 ,30

Boothroyd, G .,27

Box, G. E. P .,29

Break-even-Time (BET) metric ,23 ,24 ,76

C

CAM ,59

Change agents ,16 ,45 ,47 ,49

Clearinghouse for instructional material , 3 ,47

Commerce Department, U.S .,73

Communication models ,61

Competitive advantage ,2 ,15

Competitive advantage methods

development of supportive design environment as , 29-33

steps for design improvement as ,15-17

use of design practices that implement product realization process , 19-29

use of product realization process tailored to product , 17-19

Competitive benchmarking ,23 ,30

Competitiveness ,5-7

Computational prototyping ,58

Computer-aided design (CAD)

in product realization process ,2

as research area ,53-55 ,59

use of ,11 ,26

Computer-aided engineering (CAE) ,2 ,26

Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) systems , 24 ,30

Conceptual design ,52 ,53 ,56 ,60 ,62

Concurrent design ,27

Concurrent engineering ,5

Configuration design ,56

Consortium for engineering design .See

National Consortium for Engineering Design

Continuing education ,33 ,43 .See also

Engineering design education



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IMPROVING ENGINEERING DESIGN: Designing for Competitive Advantage Index A Accounting systems ,11 ,23-25 ,33 ,60 Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) , 39-41 ,44 ,45 ,69-70 Activity-based costing ,23 ,33 Advanced Civilian Technology Agency ,71 Advisory boards, industrial-university ,49 Analytical models ,21 Automobile industry ,5 ,6 ,29 B Benchmarking, competitive ,23 ,30 Boothroyd, G .,27 Box, G. E. P .,29 Break-even-Time (BET) metric ,23 ,24 ,76 C CAM ,59 Change agents ,16 ,45 ,47 ,49 Clearinghouse for instructional material , 3 ,47 Commerce Department, U.S .,73 Communication models ,61 Competitive advantage ,2 ,15 Competitive advantage methods development of supportive design environment as , 29-33 steps for design improvement as ,15-17 use of design practices that implement product realization process , 19-29 use of product realization process tailored to product , 17-19 Competitive benchmarking ,23 ,30 Competitiveness ,5-7 Computational prototyping ,58 Computer-aided design (CAD) in product realization process ,2 as research area ,53-55 ,59 use of ,11 ,26 Computer-aided engineering (CAE) ,2 ,26 Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) systems , 24 ,30 Conceptual design ,52 ,53 ,56 ,60 ,62 Concurrent design ,27 Concurrent engineering ,5 Configuration design ,56 Consortium for engineering design .See National Consortium for Engineering Design Continuing education ,33 ,43 .See also Engineering design education

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IMPROVING ENGINEERING DESIGN: Designing for Competitive Advantage Continuous improvement .See Incremental improvement Correlational models ,21 ,22 Cost accounting systems ,11 ,24 ,60 Cost-of-ownership approach ,25 Creativity .See Innovation Cross-functional teams .See Interdisciplinary design teams Customer needs ,18 Cycle time .See Time to market D Defense Department, U.S .,71 Denial ,16 Denial of deficiencies ,16 ,45-46 Department of Commerce, U.S .,73 Department of Defense, U.S .,71 Department of Energy, U.S .,71 Design cost evaluating systems ,27 Design environment ,2 ,15 ,29 ,33 ,34 ,54 ,63 Design for assembly (DFA) methods ,59-60 Design for manufacturing (DFM) methods , 59-60 Design for “X,” 54 ,59-60 Design knowledge ,11 ,14 ,26 ,37 ,43 ,51 ,53 ,55 Design rating systems ,27 Design representations ,26 ,47 Design reviews ,21 Design support tools ,57-60 Design Theory and Methodology Program (National Science Foundation) , 13 ,71 Designed experiments ,28-29 Designers academic experience for industry-based , 49 methods of obtaining and rewarding ,32-33 as part of change team ,17 qualities necessary for ,30-32 tasks and requirements of ,29-31 Designer's dilemma ,27 Detailed design .See Parametric design DF(X) techniques ,26-27 Dissemination of research results ,14 ,47 ,63 E Education .See Engineering design education Embodiment design .See Configuration design Energy Department, U.S .,71 Engineering design as activity of engineers ,35 ,36 benefits of improvement in ,13-14 categories of variables and abstractions of , 51-52 for competitive advantage ,2 ,15-34 elements of supportive environment for , 33-34 function of ,6-9 impact and components of effective ,1 ,10 ,29 ,31 problems with U.S .,1 ,10-13 ,67 research in improving design knowledge base for , 55-56 as task ,29-30 Engineering design education course outline for university ,30 ,78-80 for faculty ,47-48 goals of ,36-38 improvement in ,2-3 ,12-14 ,44-49 industry-based ,12 ,17 ,39 instructional material for ,3 ,47 need for continuing ,33 ,43 recommendations for improving ,68-70 status of ,35 ,38-44 Engineering design practices for competitive advantage ,2 ,15-33 ,67 modern ,21 ,23-29 overview of ,19-20 recommendations for improving ,4 ,68 traditional ,20-22 Engineering design research benefits of improvement in ,14 ,50 ,62

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IMPROVING ENGINEERING DESIGN: Designing for Competitive Advantage dissemination of results to industry ,63-64 efforts to revitalize university ,13 and establishment of consortium for engineering design , 64-66 need for ,11 ,50-52 recommendations for improving ,71-73 resources for ,3 ,62-63 topical agenda for ,52-53 Engineering design research topics creating and improving design support tools , 57-60 developing scientific foundations for models and methods , 53-57 relating design to business ,60-62 Engineering design support tools ,57-60 Engineering design theory assessment of research in ,11 ,51 National Science Foundation's program in , 13 Engineering Research Centers (National Science Foundation) , 13 ,71 Engineering societies ,45 ,70 Engineers, activities of ,11 ,36 Environmental issues ,52 F Faculty members .See University faculty First-Cut system ,59 Fisher, R. A .,29 Focus on the Future (National Academy of Engineering) , 41 Foreign competition, forced awareness due to , 16 G GE-Hitachi ,27 Graduate engineering design education ,2 ,3 ,37-38 ,41-42 .See also Engineering design education H Hewlett-Packard ,16 ,17 ,76-77 I Incremental improvement ,28 Industry .See also U.S. industry dissemination of research results to ,63-64 interaction between universities, research and , 3 ,4 ,12 ,48-49 ,72 need for commitment for continuous improvement , 15-17 Initiative for Engineering Design ,71 Innovation process ,61-62 Instructional materials, national clearing house for , 3 ,47 Interdisciplinary design teams in design courses ,40 ,44 in industry ,18-19 to support design education process ,61 J Japanese industry ,9 ,29 L Lead time .See Time to market Life cycle cost ,7 ,8 Life cycle curve ,23 Literature, study of engineering ,20 M Manufacturing ,7 ,9 Manufacturing process design ,19 Market share ,9 Metrics ,23 ,46 Metrology tools ,21 MICON system ,59 N National clearinghouse for instructional material , 3 ,47 National Consortium for Engineering Design (NCED) , 4 ,64-66 ,72-73

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IMPROVING ENGINEERING DESIGN: Designing for Competitive Advantage National Institute of Standards and Technology . See U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technolgy National Science Foundation (NSF) Engineering Research Centers ,13 research support by ,71 ,73 support for faculty by ,70 O Organization models ,61 P Parametric design ,52 ,56 ,57 Patents ,20 Pedersen, Donald ,28 Peer design reviews ,21 Petroski, Henry ,33 Physical prototyping ,58-59 PIMS data base ,5-7 Polaroid's Product Delivery Process ,75-76 Polya, G .,32-33 Product evolution ,2 ,18 Product quality-cost models ,21 ,23 ,60 Product realization process (PRP) elements and use of ,2 ,16-19 ,29 ,30 examples of ,75-77 focus of engineering curricula on ,12 management's understanding of ,11 setting strategy and specifications for , 21 Production ,19 Products concept to delivery time of U.S .,9 difficulties in design of complex ,7-9 ,19 Professional engineering societies ,45 ,70 Professional journals ,41 Profitability ,5-6 Prototyping ,21 ,58-59 Q Quality impact of component ,7-9 relationship between profitability and , 5-6 Quality-cost models ,21 ,23 ,60 Quality function deployment (QFD) ,23 Quality-loss function ,25-26 R Research .See Engineering design research ; Engineering design research topics Return on investment ,7 Reverse engineering ,23 ,30 Robust design ,28 S “S” curve ,23 Simplification ,27-28 Simulation ,21 ,26 ,53 ,54 ,58 ,62 ,76 Simultaneous engineering .See Concurrent engineering Six sigma approach ,25-26 Societies, professional engineering ,45 ,70 Software design ,10 SPICE program ,28 Spira, Joel ,30 Standards ,20 Steel industry ,5 Synthesis models ,56-57 T Taguchi, S .,25 ,28 ,29 Taguchi methods ,2 ,60 Time to market ,1 ,4 ,23 ,30 ,33 ,50 ,51 ,60 Tolerances ,21 ,28 ,57 Trade balance .See Trade deficit Trade deficit ,6 U Undergraduate engineering design education , 2 ,36-41 .See also Engineering design education

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IMPROVING ENGINEERING DESIGN: Designing for Competitive Advantage Universities .See also Engineering design education course outline for ,30 ,78-80 faculty members in ,42-44 graduate engineering design education in , 2 ,3 ,37-38 ,41-42 inadequacies of design education in ,2 ,3 ,12-13 ,38-44 ,47 initiatives for reform in ,45-47 ,68-69 interaction between industry, research, and , 3 ,4 ,12 ,48-49 ,72 undergraduate engineering design education in , 2 ,36-41 University faculty industrial experience for ,48-49 ,72 limitations of ,42-44 methods of support for ,47-48 ,70 U.S. industry .See also Industry benefits of improvement in design practice on , 13-14 current state of design in ,10-13 decline in world dominance of ,5 U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) , 71 V Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) design , 10 W Wilson, E. Bright ,32 X Xerox ,16 ,17

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IMPROVING ENGINEERING DESIGN: Designing for Competitive Advantage