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List of Acronyms AFNOR AIM AIP ANSI BCR BRITE BSI CAD CCITT CEC CEN Association Franchise de Normalisation Advanced Informatics in Medicine Academy Industry Program American National Standards Institute Community Bureau of References Basic Research in Industrial Technology for Europe British Standards Institution Computer-aided design Consultative Committee on International Telegraphy and Telephony Commission of the European Communities Comite Europeen de Normalisation (European Committee for Standardization) CENELEC Comite Europeen de Normalisation Electrotechniques (European Electrical Standards Coordinating Committee) CERN Organization Europeene pour la Recherche Nucleaire (European Organization for Nuclear Research) (Acronym represents previous name, Conseil Europeen pour la Recherche Nucleaire) CIMOSA Computer Integrated Manufacturing Open System Architecture CNMA Communication Network for Manufacturing Applications CNRS Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique COCOM Coordinating Committee on Export Controls COMETT Community Program on Cooperation Between Universities and Enterprises for Education and Training in Technology CPMP Committee for Proprietary Medicinal Products DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency 195

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196 DELTA DIN DRAM DRIVE EC ECU EEC EEIG EFTA ELDO EMPA ENS EOTC ERASMUS ESA ESI ESPRIT ESRO ETSI EURATOM EUREKA FCCSET FDA G7 GATT HDTV IEC IEEE IPCC IRDAC LIST OF ACRONYMS Development of European Learning through Technological Advances Deutsches Institut fur Normung (German Institute for Standardization) Dynamic Random Access Mechanization Dedicated Road Infrastructure for Vehicle Safety in Europe European Community European Currency Unit European Economic Community European Economic Interest Grouping European Free Trade Association (Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Austria, Switzerland) European Launcher Development Organization (superseded by ESA) Eidgenossische Materialprufungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Industrie, Bauwesen und Gerwerbe (Federal Institute for Testing Material and Research) EN European Norm ENEA Comitato Nazionale per la ricerca e lo sviluppo dell' Energia Nucleare e delle' Energie Alternative (National Commission for Nuclear and Alternative Energy Sources) European Nervous System European Organization for Testing and Certification European Action Scheme for Mobility of University Students European Space Agency Electro-Scientific Industries European Strategic Program for Research and Development of Information Technologies European Space Research Organization (superseded by ESA) European Telecommunications Standards Institute European Atomic Energy Community European Research Cooperation Agency Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology Food and Drug Administration Group of Seven (United States, Japan, Germany, France, Britain, Italy, and Canada) General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade High Definition Television International Electrotechnical Commission Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Industrial R&D Advisory Committee

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LIST OF ACRONYMS 197 ISO International Organization for Standardization ITER International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor JAERI Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute JESSI Joint European Submicron Silicon Initiative JTC Joint Technical Committee KfK Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH (Nuclear Research Center) MAG-LEV Magnetically-Levitated (high-speed ground transportation) MCC Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NRC National Research Council NRIM National Research Institute for Metals OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy PBX Private Branch Exchange PCAST President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology PCN Personal communication network PTT Post, Telegraph, and Telephone RACE Research and Development in Advanced Communications Technology for Europe RPI Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute RTD Research and technology development SCK/CEN Studiecentrum voor kernenergie/Centre d'Etudes de l'Energie Nucleaire SBIR Small Business Innovation Research Program SEMATECH Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology Consortium SNCI Service National des Champs Intenses VAMAS Versailles Activity for Materials and Standards VHSIC Very-High-Speed Integrated Circuit WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization

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