hypothalamus, 18

obsessive-compulsive disorder, 50

panic disorder, 53

visual development, 109

Anterior commissure, 29

Antidepressant medication, 51 , 63

Antipsychotic medication, 65

Anxiety, 40 , 41 , 51 , 52

Arginine, 84

Aristotle, 8 , 46

Artificial brain, 140–142

Artificial intelligence, 8

Artificial perception, 140 , 141 , 144

“Association” cortex, 26–27 , 105

Asthma, 71

Atropine, 70 , 75

Attention, 105 , 115–117 , 123 , 129–130

neural circuitry, 117–118

pathology, 120–122

reticular activating system, 20

system development, 118–120

Auditory association area, 26

Auditory nerve, 141

Autism, 44

Autonomic nervous system, 17 , 70

Autopsy, 34

Autoradiography, 35–36

Axons, 71 , 139

AIDS and, 60

backward projection, 107

blood flow, 35

in brain development, 96 , 97–99 , 100

cerebral cortex, 29

myelin sheath, 30 , 31 , 72

reticular network, 20

signal transmission, 30 , 32 , 82 , 97 , 128 , 134

synapse connections, 30 , 33 , 97–98 , 101 , 127

AZT, plate 2 ,62

B

Balance and posture, 19 , 20

Barbiturates, 52–53 , 74

Barrestin, 81

Basal ganglia, 5 , 50

Behavioral studies, 147

Benzodiazepines, 52 , 53 , 74

Berthoz, A., 111

Beta adrenergic receptor kinase (BARK), 81

Beta-agonists, 71

Beta-endorphin, 77

Beta receptors, 78 , 79

Birds, 19 , 130

Birth defects, 10 , 88

Bisiach, E., 113

Bladder, 16

Blindness, 110

Blood-brain barrier, 58

Blood circulation

in the brain, 3 , 56 , 116

imaging techniques, 45 , 116

neurotransmitter control, 71–72

Blood vessels, 35

brainstem control, 15

hypothalamus control, 17

neurotransmitter control, 5 , 74–75 , 84

Body, 3 , 4

Body temperature, 17

Botulin, 70

Brain

aging and, 44 , 55 , 57

body and, 3 , 4

complexity of, 1 , 33 , 86 , 136

computer simulation, 136–137 , 140–144

drugs and, 10

evolution of, 13 , 26 , 93

imaging techniques, 7–8 , 34–35 , 45

information processing, 1 , 4 , 123 , 141 , 147

medical examination of, 34

and mind, 46–47 , 62–63 , 121–122

neuroscience approach, 3 , 7 , 9–12

parallel processing, 8

physical structure, 13–15 , 29–30 , 31

plasticity, 8 , 86–87 , 88–89



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