1. High-Performance Computing

  2. Optoelectronics

  3. Artificial Intelligence

  4. Flexible Computer-Integrated Manufacturing

  5. Sensor Technology

  6. Biotechnology

  7. Medical Devices and Diagnostics

In addition to presenting this list, the Department of Commerce report also states that at present the United States is judged to be ahead in 6 of the 12 technologies in comparison with Japan and 9 of the 12 technologies in comparison with Europe. The United States is behind in 5 areas compared with Japan and 1 compared with Europe. However, future trends are less promising. In comparison with Japan, the United States is gaining ground in none of these areas, holding even in 2, and losing ground in 10. In comparison with Europe, the United States is gaining in 3 sectors, holding even in 6, and losing in 3.

Source: Emerging Technologies. A Survey of Technical and Economic Opportunities. Technology Administration. U.S. Department of Commerce, Spring 1990.

2. The Federal High Performance Computing Program

The Federal High Performance Computing Program is an inter-agency effort led by the Office of Science and Technology Policy in response to a report issued by the Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology (FCCSET, usually referred to as "Fixit"),7 calling for a five-year strategy for federally supported R&D in high-performance computing. High-performance computing represents a multibillion dollar world market, in which the United States is increasingly being challenged.


The U.S. Computer Industry. The White House, Washington, D.C., December 1987. See also the Annual Report FY 1989 of the FCCSET Subcommittee on Science and Engineering Computing, issued in March 1988.

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