managed and guided by social scientists added to agency staffs for the purpose, outside advisory groups, or both. Where such approaches do not seem likely to be sufficient, government might also create new organizational entities that bring social and natural scientists together around focused human-environment issues, both basic and applied.


The necessary advances in theory, methodology, and data discussed in the earlier chapters will not be made without taking into account the concerns about human resources and organizations discussed in this chapter. In particular, we need to foster stronger partnerships between social and natural scientists and to stimulate social scientists to transcend the perspectives and methods that guide disciplinary research. These goals will not be achieved without a long-term commitment to providing adequate funds and appropriate institutional structures to administer these funds and sustain participation by a sufficient number of well-trained scientists.

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