Appendix D
Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff

Ralph E. Gomory (Chair) is president of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. He was Vice President for Science and Technology for the IBM Corporation and is a former IBM Fellow. He has served on departmental visiting committees and advisory councils at Harvard, Princeton, Stanford, and Yale Universities and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and as a trustee of Hampshire College and Princeton University. He holds a B.A. degree from Williams College and a Ph.D. in mathematics from Princeton University. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. He was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1988.

Norman M. Bradburn is director of the National Opinion Research Center and Tiffany and Margaret Blake Distinguished Service Professor of behavioral science at the University of Chicago. Previously, he served as provost of the University of Chicago. He is a member of the Committee on National Statistics of the Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education at the National Research Council and serves as chair of its Board on International Comparative Studies in Higher Education. He holds B.A. degrees from the University of Chicago and Oxford University and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in social psychology from Harvard University.

David W. Breneman is a visiting professor at the Graduate School of Education of Harvard University and former president of Kalamazoo College. He has recently completed a study of liberal arts colleges and is author and editor of several books, including Academic Labor Markets and Careers (with Ted I. K. Youn) and Public Policy and Private Higher Edu-



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Ending Mandatory Retirement for Tenured Faculty: The Consequences for Higher Education Appendix D Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff Ralph E. Gomory (Chair) is president of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. He was Vice President for Science and Technology for the IBM Corporation and is a former IBM Fellow. He has served on departmental visiting committees and advisory councils at Harvard, Princeton, Stanford, and Yale Universities and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and as a trustee of Hampshire College and Princeton University. He holds a B.A. degree from Williams College and a Ph.D. in mathematics from Princeton University. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. He was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1988. Norman M. Bradburn is director of the National Opinion Research Center and Tiffany and Margaret Blake Distinguished Service Professor of behavioral science at the University of Chicago. Previously, he served as provost of the University of Chicago. He is a member of the Committee on National Statistics of the Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education at the National Research Council and serves as chair of its Board on International Comparative Studies in Higher Education. He holds B.A. degrees from the University of Chicago and Oxford University and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in social psychology from Harvard University. David W. Breneman is a visiting professor at the Graduate School of Education of Harvard University and former president of Kalamazoo College. He has recently completed a study of liberal arts colleges and is author and editor of several books, including Academic Labor Markets and Careers (with Ted I. K. Youn) and Public Policy and Private Higher Edu-

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Ending Mandatory Retirement for Tenured Faculty: The Consequences for Higher Education cation (with Chester E. Finn, Jr.). He previously served as a senior fellow of the Brookings Institution and as staff director of the National Board on Graduate Education at the National Research Council. He holds a B.A. from the University of Colorado and a Ph.D. in economics from the University of California at Berkeley. F. Albert Cotton is Doherty-Welch Distinguished Professor of Chemistry at Texas A&M University and a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He has previously served on the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has won several awards for his research, including a 1990 National Academy of Sciences award for outstanding contributions to science. He holds an A.B. from Temple University and a Ph.D. in chemistry from Harvard University. Pamela Ebert Flattau is director of the Studies and Surveys Unit of Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel at the National Research Council. She has worked as an NRC staff officer for a variety of studies within the Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education and the Commission on Human Resources and as a science policy analyst with the Science Indicators Unit of the National Science Foundation. She was an American Association for the Advancement of Science-American Psychological Association Congressional Science Fellow with the U.S. Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, focusing on education policy issues. She holds a Ph.D. in experimental psychology from the University of Georgia. Dorothy M. Gilford is director of the National Research Council's Board on International Comparative Studies in Education. Formerly, she served as director of the National Center for Education Statistics and as director of the mathematical sciences division of the Office of Naval Research. Her interests are in research program administration, organization of statistical systems, and education statistics. A fellow of the American Statistical Association, she has served as vice president of the association and chair of its committee on international relations in statistics. She received B.S. and M.S. degrees in mathematics from the University of Washington. Mary W. Gray is a professor of mathematics, statistics, and computer science at the American University. She is also a member of the District of Columbia Bar and the American Bar Association. She served on the Commission on College Retirement, and she has served on many committees and boards of the American Association of University Professors, where she is currently chair of the Committee on the Status of Women in the Profession and a member of the Committees on Academic Freedom and Retirement. She received an A.B. degree in mathematics and physics from Hastings

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Ending Mandatory Retirement for Tenured Faculty: The Consequences for Higher Education College, M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in mathematics from the University of Kansas, and a J.D. from the American University. P. Brett Hammond is director of Academy Studies at the National Academy of Public Administration. Previously, he served as Associate Executive Director of the Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education at the National Research Council. While at the NRC, he also served as a senior staff officer for studies on valuing health risks for regulatory decisions and evaluating sites for the superconducting supercollider. He holds B.A. degrees in economics and politics from the University of California at Santa Cruz and a Ph.D. in political science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Donald C. Hood is James F. Bender Professor of Psychology and a former Vice President for Arts and Sciences at Columbia University. He is a trustee of Smith College and is on the Faculty Planning Committee at Columbia. He is also a member of the National Research Council's Committee on Vision. He holds a B.A. in psychology and mathematics from Harpur College of the State University of New York at Binghamton and M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees from Brown University. Harriet P. Morgan served as research associate of the Committee on Mandatory Retirement in Higher Education. Her research interests include access to higher education and the structure of higher education systems. She holds a B.A. in public policy and economics from Duke University and an M.Sc. in social research and social policy from Oxford University. Robert M. O'Neil is University Professor at the University of Virginia and director of the Thomas Jefferson Center for the Protection of Free Expression. He is former president of the University of Virginia and of the University of Wisconsin system. He serves on the boards of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, the Educational Testing Service, the Johnson Foundation, and the Commonwealth Fund. He holds A.B., A.M., and LL.B. degrees from Harvard University and LL.D. degrees from Indiana University and Beloit College. Robert E. Parilla is president of Montgomery College, a three-campus community college system serving Montgomery County, Maryland. He has chaired the Statewide Committee on the Future of Maryland Community Colleges and the Maryland Council of Community College Presidents. He has also been a member of the American Council on Education's Commission on Leadership Development and Academic Administration and of the Committee to Study the Role of Allied Health Personnel of the Institute of Medicine. He holds a Ph.D. in higher education from Florida State University.

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Ending Mandatory Retirement for Tenured Faculty: The Consequences for Higher Education Mitchell W. Spellman is Dean Emeritus for International Projects and was formerly professor of surgery and Dean for Medical Services at Harvard Medical School. He has served on advisory committees and boards of visitors of medical schools at Duke University, the University of Michigan, Stanford University, and the University of California at Los Angeles; as a trustee of Occidental College; and as a member of the Georgetown University Board of Directors and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Corporation. He also serves on the Board of Overseers of the Harvard Community Health Plan. He holds an A.B. from Dillard University, an M.D. from Howard University, and a Ph.D. in surgery from the University of Minnesota. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine.