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Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems: Science, Technology, and Public Policy
basin to adopt. The ordinance stated that low-intensity agriculture would be the highest-intensity land use allowed in the basin (K. A. Loftin, former project manager, Kissimmee Alternative Plan Evaluation and Preliminary Design Report, South Florida Water Management District, West Palm Beach, Fla., personal communication, April 24, 1991). One basin county adopted the ordinance; however, four have not. These counties will now have to submit their comprehensive growth management plans for review by the state's Department of Community Affairs. In general, if recommendations of a Resource Management Committee are not implemented by the local governing bodies, the state can then designate the locality as an Area of Critical State Concern and can set land use standards that the local government must meet. Having a resource planning and management committee is an alternative to being designated a state critical management area and is generally preferred by a locality to more explicit state control in which local areas must develop management plans that meet state standards. The Areas of Critical State Concern Program and the cogent directive given to the Kissimmee River committee are well worth study by resource managers interested in new institutional mechanisms for guiding complex restoration programs (Graham, 1984).
Current Status of the Kissimmee River Restoration
Congress in 1990 agreed to appropriate another $6 million in federal funds for the Kissimmee restoration, bringing the total federal contribution to $12.3 million in addition to the $20 million put up by the state of Florida (Woody, 1991). Federal spending was originally authorized under Section 1135 of the Water Resources Development Act (amended).
At the insistence of U.S. Senator and former Florida Governor Bob Graham, the 1990 version of the act directed the COE to do a feasibility study on the Level II Backfilling Plan recommended by the Alternative Plan Evaluation and Preliminary Design Report of the SFWMD (Loftin et al., 1990). The act also requires COE to submit the final feasibility report to Congress by April 1, 1992, and to complete a design memorandum, construction bidding plan, and all other preparatory work for the the Kissimmee restoration by June 1, 1994 (Executive Office of the Governor, 1991). The COE in conjunction with the SFWMD is already doing design work on water control modifications that will be required in the upper Kissimmee lakes basin, and the SFWMD is acquiring flowage easements over floodplain lands so that more water can be stored in the headwaters region (R. Smith, government analyst,