The committee recommends that resources be allocated to develop and disseminate malaria treatment guidelines for physicians, drug vendors, pharmacists, village health workers, and other health care personnel in endemic and non-endemic countries. The guidelines should be based, where appropriate, on the results of local operational research and should include information on the management of severe and complicated disease. The guidelines should be consistent and compatible among international agencies involved in the control of malaria.
The committee recommends that support for malaria control initiatives include funds to develop and implement locally relevant communication programs that provide information about how to prevent and treat malaria appropriately (including when and how to seek treatment) and that foster a dialogue about prevention and control.
One of the major criticisms of malaria control programs during the past 10 to 15 years has been that funds have been spent inappropriately without an integrated plan and without formal evaluation of the efficacy of control measures instituted. In many instances, this has led to diminished efforts to control malaria.
The committee strongly encourages renewed commitment by donor agencies to support national control programs in malaria-endemic countries.
The committee recommends that U.S. donor agencies develop, with the advice of the national advisory body, a core of expertise (either in-house or through an external advisory group) to plan assistance to malaria control activities in endemic countries.
The committee believes that the development, implementation, and evaluation of such programs must follow a rigorous set of guidelines. These guidelines should include the following steps:
Identification of the problem
Determine the extent and variety of malaria. The paradigm approach described in Chapter 10 should facilitate this step.
Analyze current efforts to solve malaria problems.
Identify and characterize available in-country resources and capabilities.
Development of a plan
Design and prioritize interventions based on the epidemiologic situation and the available resources.