FIGURE 3-1 USAID malaria funding, all accounts (FY 1985 to FY 1990). Note: “Other Global” refers to those projects funded from all accounts, including the Vector Biology and Control Project, Diagnostic Technology for Community Health, Primary Health Care Operations Research, Maternal/Neonatal Health and Nutrition, and Communication for Child Survival, to name but a few. Data source: Center for International Health Information/ISTI, USAID Health Information System.

Department of Defense

DOD's interest in malaria stems from its commitment to protect the health of U.S. military personnel. Malaria exacted a heavy toll on U.S. troops during World War I, World War II, and both the Korean and Vietnam conflicts.

In 1982, Congress directed the United States Army Medical Research and Development Command (USAMRDC) at Fort Detrick, Maryland, to oversee all research on infectious diseases, including malaria, for the military. The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), part of USAMRDC, and the Naval Medical Research Institute both have active



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