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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard to appropriate balance.

This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

The Institute of Medicine was chartered in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to enlist distinguished members of the appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. In this, the Institute acts under both the Academy's 1863 congressional charter responsibility to be an advisor to the federal government and its own initiative in identifying issues of medical care, research, and education.

Support for this project was provided by the National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, pursuant to Contract No. NO1-HO-09008.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee to Evaluate the Artificial Heart Program of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

The artificial heart: prototypes, policies, and patients / Committee to Evaluate the Artificial Heart Program of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Division of Health Care Services, Institute of Medicine; John R. Hogness and Malin VanAntwerp, editors.

p. cm.

“Support for this project was provided by the National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, pursuant to contract no. NO1–HO–09008”—T.p. verso.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN 0-309-04532-0 (casebound)

1. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Artificial Heart Program. 2. Heart, Artificial. 3. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Artificial Heart Program. I. Hogness, John R. II. VanAntwerp, Malin. III. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. IV. Title.

[DNLM: 1. Heart, Artificial. 2. Program Evaluation. WG 169.5 I59a]

RD598.35.A78I56 1991

617.4'120592—dc20

DNLM/DLC

for Library of Congress

91-31142

CIP

Copyright © 1991 by the National Academy of Sciences

No part of this book may be reproduced by any mechanical, photographic, or electronic process, or in the form of a phonographic recording, nor may it be stored in a retrieval system, transmitted, or otherwise copied for public or private use, without written permission from the publisher, except for the purpose of official use by the United States government.

Printed in the United States of America

The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The image adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is based on a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatlichemussen in Berlin.



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