The President of the United States should task senior executive-branch officials to align agency and department strategies; identify gaps or shortfalls in policy coverage, policy implementation, and resource allocation; and identify new opportunities for space-based endeavors that will help to address the goals of both the U.S. civil and national security space programs (p. 8).

2009 Seeking a Human Spaceflight Program Worthy of a Great Nation. Review of U.S. Human Spaceflight Plans Committee. Executive Office of the President. (Augustine Commission 2)

The Committee developed five alternatives for the Human Spaceflight Program. It found:

•   Human exploration beyond low-Earth orbit is not viable under the FY 2010 budget guideline.

•   Meaningful human exploration is possible under a less constrained budget, increasing annual expenditures by approximately $3 billion in real purchasing power above the FY 2010 guidance.

•   Funding at the increased level would allow either an exploration program to explore the Moon First or one that follows the Flexible Path. Either could produce significant results in a reasonable time frame (p. 17).

2010 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2010.

While commercial transportation systems have the promise to contribute valuable services, it is in the United States national interest to maintain a government operated space transportation system for crew and cargo delivery to space.

The United States must develop, as rapidly as possible, replacement vehicles capable of providing both human and cargo launch capability to low-Earth orbit and to destinations beyond low-Earth orbit.

2010 National Space Policy of the United States of America. June 28.

The United States will pursue the following goals in its national space programs:

•   Energize competitive domestic industries …

•   Expand international cooperation …

•   Strengthen stability in space …

•   Increase assurance and resilience of mission-essential functions …

•   Pursue human and robotic initiatives …

•   Improve space-based Earth and solar observation …

2010 Departments of Commerce and Justice, and Science, and Related Agencies Appropriations Bill for FY 2011.

The Committee believes this bill represents a solid compromise for human spaceflight that reaches beyond low Earth orbit with affordable vehicles; makes key investments in the burgeoning commercial launch industry that is already poised to bring cargo to the ISS; before the Shuttle is retired in 2011, authorizes one additional Shuttle flight, if determined to be safe, to preposition supplies at the ISS; and revitalizes NASA technology programs. The Committee invests in a new heavy-lift rocket to be built by 2017, along with the Orion capsule to carry astronauts, so NASA can again send humans on new journeys of discovery.

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