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D Committee and Staff Biographical Information ALBERT CARNESALE, Chair, is chancellor emeritus and professor at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). He was chancellor of the university from 1997 through 2006 and now serves as a professor of public policy and of mechanical and aerospace engineering. Prior to joining UCLA, Dr. Carnesale served at Harvard University for 23 years as the Lucius N. Littauer Professor of Public Policy and Administration, dean of the John F. Kennedy School of Government, and provost of the university. He also previously served in both government and industry. His research and teaching focus on public policy issues having substantial scientific and technological dimensions. Dr. Carnesale is the author or co- author of six books and more than 100 articles on a wide range of subjects, including national security strategy, arms control, nuclear proliferation, the effects of technological change on foreign and defense policy, domestic and international energy issues, and higher education. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Dr. Carnesale serves on the mission committees of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the board of directors of Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, and the advisory board of the RAND Corporation’s Center for Global Risk and Security. He is also a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and he is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Dr. Carnesale holds a B.M.E from the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, an M.S. in mechanical engineering from Drexel University, and a Ph.D. in nuclear engineering from North Carolina State University. He has served as a member of the Secretary of Energy’s Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future. He has previously served as chair of the National Research Council (NRC) Committee on Conventional Prompt Global Strike Capability, the Committee on Sustaining and Improving the Nation’s Nuclear Forensics, and the Committee on America’s Climate Choices. RONALD M. SEGA is vice president and enterprise executive for energy and the environment for Colorado State University (CSU) and Ohio State University (OSU). At CSU, Dr. Sega is also the Woodward Professor of Systems Engineering, the director of graduate programs in systems engineering, and serves as chair of the Sustainability, Energy, and Environment Advisory Committee. At OSU he is also the chair of the President’s and Provost’s Council on Sustainability. Dr. Sega most recently was the undersecretary of the Air Force where he served as the Department of Defense (DOD) Executive Agent for Space and led the Air Force team that won the Overall Presidential Award for Leadership in Federal Energy Management for 2006. From 2001-2005, he was the director of Defense Research and Engineering, the chief technology officer for DOD. He retired from the Air Force Reserve as a major general in the position of reserve assistant to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff after 31 years in the Air Force, having served in various assignments at Air Force Space Command and as a pilot. A former astronaut, Dr. Sega flew aboard the space shuttles Discovery and Atlantis. Dr. Sega has also been a faculty member in the College of Engineering and Applied Science at University of Colorado, Colorado Springs, and served as dean from 1996-2001. He holds a B.S. in mathematics and physics from the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, an M.S. in physics from OSU, and a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the University of Colorado. He is currently a member of the NRC Division Committee on Engineering and Physical Sciences and has previously served as chair of the Committee on Cost 61
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62 NASA’S STRATEGIC DIRECTION AND THE NEED FOR A NATIONAL CONSENSUS Growth in NASA Earth and Space Science Missions and is an ex officio member of the Government- University-Industry Research Roundtable. MARK R. ABBOTT is dean of the College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State University, Corvallis. His research focuses on the interaction of biological and physical processes in the upper ocean, remote sensing of ocean color and sea surface temperature, phytoplankton fluorescence, and length and time scales of phytoplankton variability. He deployed the first array of bio-optical moorings in the Southern Ocean as part of the U.S. Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS). Dr. Abbott chaired the U.S. JGOFS Science Steering Committee and was a member of the MODIS and SeaWiFS science teams. He is currently a member of the board of trustees for the Consortium for Ocean Leadership and a consultant to the National Science Board. Dr. Abbott earned a B.S. in conservation of natural resources at the University of California, Berkeley, and a Ph.D. in ecology from the University of California, Davis. Dr. Abbott has also served as the chair of the SSB’s Committee on Earth Studies. Other prior NRC service includes the Committee on Indicators for Understanding Global Climate Change, the Committee on the Role and Scope of Mission-Enabling Activities in NASA’s Space and Earth Sciences Missions, and the Panel on Land-Use Change, Ecosystem Dynamics, and Biodiversity for the 2007 decadal survey on Earth science and applications from space. Dr. Abbott was a member of the NRC’s Committee on an Assessment of NASA’s Earth Science Program, which carried out a mid-decade assessment of the implementation of the Earth science and applications from space decadal survey. He is presently a member of the Space Studies Board and chairs the Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space. JACQUES E. BLAMONT is an advisor to the president of the French national space agency, Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES). Dr. Blamont previously served as CNES’s first scientific and technical director, as chief scientist, and as advisor to the director general. In addition to his career at CNES, he was a professor at the University of Paris. During that period, Dr. Blamont was the director of the largest space laboratory in France, CNRS’s Service d’Aéronomie. He was also a distinguished visiting scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and a professor at the California Institute of Technology. Dr. Blamont still teaches at the Ecole de Guerre (War College) of the French Ministry of Defense. Involved in atmospheric research, he discovered the turbopause, the interstellar wind, and the hydrogen halo of comets. He is the author of the first measurements of atmospheric temperature from an altitude of 100 to 500 km, he made the first determination of Einstein’s general relativity red shift on the Sun, and he conceived and led the French-Soviet mission of balloons in Venus’s atmosphere. Dr. Blamont was a member of the science groups of the NASA missions Voyager and Pioneer-Venus and the Soviet Union’s missions Vega and Phobos. He was a major contributor to the lunar Clementine mission led by the U.S. DOD, for which he developed an image data compression system later used in Cassini-Huygens, Mars Express, Venus Express, and the French missions SPOT-5 and Helios II. He is a member of the French Academie des Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences and is a foreign associate of the American Philosophical Society and of the Indian Natural Academy of Sciences. Among his honors are the NASA Medal for Exceptional Scientific Achievement (1972), the NASA Distinguished Service Medal (2000), the Gagarine Medal and Order of People’s Friendship of the USSR, the Guggenheim Medal and the Von Karman Medal, and the COSPAR Science Award (2004). Dr. Blamont has published five books, more than 200 scientific papers, and hundreds of papers on various science and policy subjects. He holds a D.Sc. and a B.S in physics from Ecole Normale Supérieure. Dr. Blamont was previously a member of the NRC Planetary and Lunar Exploration Task Group. JOHN C. BROCK is an independent aerospace technology consultant. He is recently retired from Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems, where he was director of technology strategy and planning. Before its acquisition by Northrop Grumman, Dr. Brock was chief technologist of TRW’s Space and Technology sector and a senior scientist with expertise in optoelectronics, high energy lasers, space systems and technologies, and technology planning and road mapping. Prior to joining TRW in 1980, Dr.
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APPENDIX D 63 Brock was a NASA-JPL NRC fellow studying atmospheric photochemistry. Dr. Brock has served as member of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board and chaired the board’s study on the Operational Utility of Small Satellites. He also has served on the Defense Science Board Advisory Group on Electron Devices, the Air Force Tactical Applications Center Space Advisory Group, and the advisory boards of numerous university optoelectronic Centers of Excellence. He is an associate fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), received the Air Force Exemplary Civilian Service Medal in 2008, and was a TRW/NGC senior technical fellow from 1995 until his retirement. Dr. Brock earned a B.S. in chemistry from the University of Washington and his Ph.D. in chemical physics from the University of California, Berkeley. ROBERT L. CRIPPEN is retired from Thiokol Propulsion Group, Brigham City, Utah, where he served as president. He is also a retired captain of the U.S. Navy. He joined NASA as an astronaut in 1969 and went on to serve as a member of the astronaut support crew for three Skylab missions, as well as the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project mission, which was completed in 1975. He served as pilot on STS-1 (1981), and was the spacecraft commander on STS-7 (1983), STS-41C (1984) and STS-41G (1984). From 1986- 1989, he was deputy director for shuttle operations at Kennedy Space Center (KSC), where he was responsible for final shuttle preparation and mission execution. He also served as director for the space shuttle at NASA Headquarters from 1990 until he was named KSC director in 1992. In his headquarters post, Captain Crippen presided over the overall shuttle program requirements and performance, and total program control. As KSC Center director, he managed the processing, launch, and recovery of space shuttle missions. He next served as vice president of Training Simulation Systems at Lockheed Martin Information Systems. In 1996, Captain Crippen was named president of the Thiokol Propulsion Group. He retired in 2001. He received his B.S. in aerospace engineering University of Texas, Austin. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and previously served on the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board. JOSEPH S. HEZIR is the co-founder and managing partner of the EOP Group, Inc., a consulting firm that specializes in federal government regulatory strategy development and budget policy. He previously served 18 years in the White House Office of Management and Budget in positions of increasing responsibility, serving for 6 years as deputy associate director for energy and science. He has also served on a number of advisory bodies, including the NASA Advisory Council and the Metropolitan Area Board of Directors for the Red Cross. From Carnegie Mellon University, Mr. Hezir earned a B.S. in chemical engineering and an M.S. from the Heinz School of Public Policy. He has served on numerous NRC committees, including the Committee on EPP2010: Elementary Particle Physics in the 21st Century, the Committee on Burning Plasma Assessment and the Committee on Cost of and Payment for Animal Research; he is currently a member on the Board on Physics and Astronomy. ANN R. KARAGOZIAN is a professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the UCLA. Her research interests are in fluid mechanics, propulsion, and combustion, with applications to high-efficiency energy generation and aerospace propulsion systems. Dr. Karagozian served as the vice chair of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board (SAB), and twice received the Air Force Decoration for Exceptional Civilian Service. She chaired a wide-ranging study for the SAB on the Future of Launch Vehicles for the U.S. Air Force and previously chaired studies for the SAB on Air Vehicle Fuel Efficiency and Persistence at Near Space Altitudes. She also served on the NASA Aeronautics Advisory Committee. Dr. Karagozian is the immediate past chair of the American Physical Society (APS) Division of Fluid Dynamics and also is immediate past chair of the UCLA Academic Senate, representing 3,500 UCLA faculty. She is a fellow of both AIAA and APS. She received her B.S. in engineering, summa cum laude, from UCLA and her M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in mechanical engineering from the California Institute of Technology. Dr. Karagozian is currently a member-at-large of the NRC U.S. National Committee on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics and has previously served as a member of the Committee to Identify Potential Breakthrough Technologies and Assess Long-Term R&D Goals in
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64 NASA’S STRATEGIC DIRECTION AND THE NEED FOR A NATIONAL CONSENSUS Aeronautics and Space Transportation Technology, the Panel on Platforms, and the Committee on Space Facilities. MARK J. LEWIS is the director of the Institute for Defense Analyses Science and Technology Policy Institute and a former Willis Young, Jr., Professor and chair of the Department of Aerospace Engineering at the University of Maryland. From 2004-2008, he served as the chief scientist of the U.S. Air Force. He is also the past president of AIAA. Dr. Lewis has been teaching and conducting basic and applied research in the fields of hypersonic aerodynamics, advanced propulsion, and space vehicle design and optimization. His work has spanned the aerospace flight spectrum from the analysis of conventional jet engines to entry into planetary atmospheres at hypervelocity speeds, with a specialty in the integration of high-speed engines with highly efficient airframes. Dr. Lewis is the author of more than 290 technical publications, and he has been adviser to more than 60 graduate students. A recipient of both the DOD Meritorious Civilian Service Award and Exceptional Civilian Service Award, Dr. Lewis received the IECEC/AIAA Lifetime Achievement Award and was named an Aviation Week and Space Technology Laureate in 2007. He is a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, a fellow of AIAA, and a president’s fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society. Dr. Lewis received a B.S. in aeronautics and astronautics and in Earth and planetary science and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in aeronautics and astronautics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is currently a member of the NRC Air Force Studies Board and has previously served as a member of Panel B: Robotic Access and Human Planetary Landing Systems and the Panel to Review Air Force Office of Scientific Research Proposals in Fluids. MARCIA S. SMITH is the president of Space and Technology Policy Group, LLC, and founder and editor of SpacePolicyOnline.com. Previously, she was the director of the Space Studies Board and the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board of the NRC. For the prior 31 years, she was a space and technology policy specialist for the Congressional Research Service (CRS), a department of the Library of Congress that provides objective and non-partisan research and analysis exclusively for members and committees of Congress. She took a leave of absence from CRS to serve as executive director of the congressionally chartered, presidentially appointed National Commission on Space. Chaired by (the late) former NASA Administrator Thomas O. Paine, the commission laid out a 50-year plan (through 2035) for the civilian space program in its report Pioneering the Space Frontier. She is the author of more than 200 reports and articles on military, civil, and commercial space programs; telecommunications (including the technology policy aspects of Internet privacy and other Internet issues); and nuclear energy. Ms. Smith is the North American editor for the quarterly journal Space Policy. Among her many professional affiliations, she is a fellow of AIAA and has served on many of its committees and as an AIAA distinguished lecturer. She is a fellow of the American Astronautical Society for which she is currently its vice president of public policy; in the past she has served as president and in other official capacities and received its John F. Kennedy Award in 2006. She is a founder, past president, and emeritus member of Women in Aerospace and received its Lifetime Achievement Award in 2003. She is member and past trustee of the International Academy of Astronautics; a member and past vice president of the International Institute of Space Law; and a life member of the New York Academy of Sciences, the Washington Academy of Sciences, and Sigma Xi. Ms. Smith earned an A.B. in political science from Syracuse University. She has previously served as a member of the NRC Committee on Human Exploration. MICHAEL S. TURNER is the Rauner Distinguished Service Professor and director of the Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago. He is also president-elect of APS. He has previously served as chief scientist at Argonne National Laboratory, as assistant director for the Mathematical and Physical Sciences at the National Science Foundation, and as president of the Aspen Center for Physics. Dr. Turner helped to pioneer the interdisciplinary field of particle astrophysics and cosmology. His scholarly contributions include predicting cosmic acceleration and coining the term “dark energy,” and showing how during cosmic inflation quantum fluctuations evolved into the seed
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APPENDIX D 65 perturbations for galaxies. His honors include the Warner Prize of the American Astronomical Society (AAS), the Lilienfeld Prize of the APS, the Klopsted Award of the American Association of Physics Teachers, the Heineman Prize (with Kolb) of the AAS and American Institute of Physics, and the 2011 Darwin Lecture of the Royal Astronomical Society. He is a fellow of the APS, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr. Turner received his B.S. from California Institute of Technology, his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Stanford University, all in physics, and an honorary doctorate from Michigan State University. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and of its Governing Board. He currently serves as a member of the NRC Board on Physics and Astronomy, the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, and has previously served on the Committee on Decadal Survey on Astronomy and Astrophysics 2010. WARREN M. WASHINGTON is a senior scientist and former head of the Climate Change Research Section and director of the Climate and Global Dynamics Division at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado. His expertise is in atmospheric and climate research. He has engaged in research for more than 40 years, and he has given advice, testimony, and lectures on global climate change. Dr. Washington has been a member the President’s National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere and has had presidential appointments under the Carter, Reagan, Clinton, and Bush administrations. More recently, he served on the National Science Board as a member and as chair. He has more than 150 publications and co-authored with Claire Parkinson a book that is considered a standard reference on climate modeling, An Introduction to Three-Dimensional Climate Modeling, and an autobiography, Odyssey in Climate Modeling, Global Warming, and Advising Five Presidents. Dr. Washington has many awards, including being a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the American Meteorological Society (former president), the American Philosophical Society, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Members of his group at NCAR shared in the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize as significant contributors to the Inter-governmental Panel of Climate Change (IPCC) Assessment. Dr. Washington has honorary degrees from OSU and Bates College. He has been the principal investigator on the Department of Energy (DOE) INCITE proposal for the Climate End Station, which coordinates computer time for development of state-of-art climate models and the use of such models for present and future climate change studies. He is also principal investigator for the University for Atmospheric Research and DOE cooperative agreement that carried out climate research. In November 2010, he was awarded the National Medal of Science by President Obama, the nation’s highest science award. Dr. Washington earned a B.S. in physics and M.S. in meteorology from Oregon State University and a Ph.D. in meteorology from Pennsylvania State University. He has served on a number of NRC committees, including as a member of the Space Studies Board, the Survey Steering Committee for Earth Science and Applications from Space: A Community Assessment and Strategy for the Future, and is currently serving as chair of the Committee to Advise the U.S. Global Change Research Program. STAFF DWAYNE A. DAY, Study Director, a senior program officer for the NRC’s Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board (ASEB), has a Ph.D. in political science from the George Washington University. Dr. Day joined the NRC as a program officer for the Space Studies Board (SSB). Before this, he served as an investigator for the Columbia Accident Investigation Board, was on the staff of the Congressional Budget Office, and also worked for the Space Policy Institute at the George Washington University. He has held Guggenheim and Verville fellowships and was an associate editor of the German spaceflight magazine Raumfahrt Concrete, in addition to writing for such publications as Novosti Kosmonavtiki (Russia), Spaceflight, and Space Chronicle (United Kingdom). He has served as study director for several NRC reports, including Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration (2006), Grading NASA’s Solar System Exploration Program: A Midterm Review (2008), and Opening New Frontiers in Space: Choices for the Next New Frontiers Announcement of Opportunity (2008).
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66 NASA’S STRATEGIC DIRECTION AND THE NEED FOR A NATIONAL CONSENSUS ALAN C. ANGLEMAN has been a senior program officer for ASEB since 1993, directing studies on the modernization of the U.S. air transportation system, system engineering and design systems, aviation weather systems, aircraft certification standards and procedures, commercial supersonic aircraft, the safety of space launch systems, radioisotope power systems, cost growth of NASA Earth and space science missions, and other aspects of aeronautics and space research and technology. Previously, Mr. Angleman worked for consulting firms in the Washington area providing engineering support services to the DOD and NASA Headquarters. His professional career began with the U.S. Navy, where he served for 9 years as a nuclear-trained submarine officer. He has a B.S. in engineering physics from the U.S. Naval Academy and an M.S. in applied physics from the Johns Hopkins University. DAVID H. SMITH joined the Space Studies Board (SSB) in 1991. He is the senior staff officer and study director for a variety of NRC activities in planetary science, astrobiology, and astrophysics. He also organizes the SSB’s Lloyd V. Berkner Summer Policy Internship program and supervises most, if not all, of the interns. He received a B.Sc. in mathematical physics from the University of Liverpool in 1976, completed Part III of the Mathematics Tripos at Cambridge University in 1977, and earned a D.Phil. in theoretical astrophysics from Sussex University in 1981. Following a postdoctoral fellowship at Queen Mary College University of London (1980-1982), he held the position of associate editor and, later, technical editor of Sky and Telescope. Immediately prior to joining the staff of the SSB, Dr. Smith was a Knight Science Journalism Fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. CATHERINE A. GRUBER, editor, joined the SSB as a senior program assistant in 1995. Ms. Gruber first came to the NRC in 1988 as a senior secretary for the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board and also worked as an outreach assistant for the National Science Resources Center. She was a research assistant (chemist) in the National Institute of Mental Health’s Laboratory of Cell Biology for 2 years. She has a B.A. in natural science from St. Mary’s College of Maryland. AMANDA R.THIBAULT, research associate, joined the ASEB in 2011. Ms. Thibault is a graduate of Creighton University, where she earned her B.S. in atmospheric science in 2008. From there she went on to Texas Tech University, where she studied lightning trends in tornadic and non-tornadic supercell thunderstorms and worked as a teaching and research assistant. She participated in the VORTEX 2 field project from 2009 to 2010 and graduated with an M.S. in atmospheric science from Texas Tech in August 2010. She is a member of the American Meteorological Society. ANDREA M. REBHOLZ, program associate, joined the ASEB in 2009. She began her career at the National Academies in October 2005 as a senior program assistant for the Institute of Medicine’s Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation. Prior to the Academies, she worked in the communications department of a D.C.-based think tank. Ms. Rebholz graduated from George Mason University’s New Century College in 2003 with a B.A. in integrative studies-event management and has more than 8 years of experience in event planning. LINDA WALKER has been with the National Academies since 2007. Before her assignment with the SSB, she was on assignment with the National Academies Press. Prior to her working at the National Academies, she was with the Association for Healthcare Philanthropy in Falls Church, Virginia. Ms. Walker has 28 years of administrative experience. DANIELLE PISKORZ, an SSB Lloyd V. Berkner space policy intern, recently graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with a degree in physics and a minor in applied international studies. She has done various research projects at L’Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, Los Alamos National Laboratories, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and spent her junior year studying at the University of Cambridge. Ms. Piskorz plans to begin her graduate studies in Fall 2012 in geophysics.
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APPENDIX D 67 MICHAEL H. MOLONEY is the director of the SSB and the ASEB at the NRC. Since joining the NRC in 2001, Dr. Moloney has served as a study director at the National Materials Advisory Board, the Board on Physics and Astronomy (BPA), the Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design, and the Center for Economic, Governance, and International Studies. Before joining the SSB and ASEB in April 2010, he was associate director of the BPA and study director for the Astro2010 decadal survey for astronomy and astrophysics. In addition to his professional experience at the NRC, Dr. Moloney has more than 7 years’ experience as a foreign-service officer for the Irish government and served in that capacity at the Embassy of Ireland in Washington, D.C., the Mission of Ireland to the United Nations in New York, and the Department of Foreign Affairs in Dublin, Ireland. A physicist, Dr. Moloney did his graduate Ph.D. work at Trinity College Dublin in Ireland. He received his undergraduate degree in experimental physics at University College Dublin, where he was awarded the Nevin Medal for Physics.
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