Growth in NASA Earth and Space Science Missions and is an ex officio member of the Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable.
MARK R. ABBOTT is dean of the College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State University, Corvallis. His research focuses on the interaction of biological and physical processes in the upper ocean, remote sensing of ocean color and sea surface temperature, phytoplankton fluorescence, and length and time scales of phytoplankton variability. He deployed the first array of bio-optical moorings in the Southern Ocean as part of the U.S. Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS). Dr. Abbott chaired the U.S. JGOFS Science Steering Committee and was a member of the MODIS and SeaWiFS science teams. He is currently a member of the board of trustees for the Consortium for Ocean Leadership and a consultant to the National Science Board. Dr. Abbott earned a B.S. in conservation of natural resources at the University of California, Berkeley, and a Ph.D. in ecology from the University of California, Davis. Dr. Abbott has also served as the chair of the SSB’s Committee on Earth Studies. Other prior NRC service includes the Committee on Indicators for Understanding Global Climate Change, the Committee on the Role and Scope of Mission-Enabling Activities in NASA’s Space and Earth Sciences Missions, and the Panel on Land-Use Change, Ecosystem Dynamics, and Biodiversity for the 2007 decadal survey on Earth science and applications from space. Dr. Abbott was a member of the NRC’s Committee on an Assessment of NASA’s Earth Science Program, which carried out a mid-decade assessment of the implementation of the Earth science and applications from space decadal survey. He is presently a member of the Space Studies Board and chairs the Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space.
JACQUES E. BLAMONT is an advisor to the president of the French national space agency, Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES). Dr. Blamont previously served as CNES’s first scientific and technical director, as chief scientist, and as advisor to the director general. In addition to his career at CNES, he was a professor at the University of Paris. During that period, Dr. Blamont was the director of the largest space laboratory in France, CNRS’s Service d’Aéronomie. He was also a distinguished visiting scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and a professor at the California Institute of Technology. Dr. Blamont still teaches at the Ecole de Guerre (War College) of the French Ministry of Defense. Involved in atmospheric research, he discovered the turbopause, the interstellar wind, and the hydrogen halo of comets. He is the author of the first measurements of atmospheric temperature from an altitude of 100 to 500 km, he made the first determination of Einstein’s general relativity red shift on the Sun, and he conceived and led the French-Soviet mission of balloons in Venus’s atmosphere. Dr. Blamont was a member of the science groups of the NASA missions Voyager and Pioneer-Venus and the Soviet Union’s missions Vega and Phobos. He was a major contributor to the lunar Clementine mission led by the U.S. DOD, for which he developed an image data compression system later used in Cassini-Huygens, Mars Express, Venus Express, and the French missions SPOT-5 and Helios II. He is a member of the French Academie des Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences and is a foreign associate of the American Philosophical Society and of the Indian Natural Academy of Sciences. Among his honors are the NASA Medal for Exceptional Scientific Achievement (1972), the NASA Distinguished Service Medal (2000), the Gagarine Medal and Order of People’s Friendship of the USSR, the Guggenheim Medal and the Von Karman Medal, and the COSPAR Science Award (2004). Dr. Blamont has published five books, more than 200 scientific papers, and hundreds of papers on various science and policy subjects. He holds a D.Sc. and a B.S in physics from Ecole Normale Supérieure. Dr. Blamont was previously a member of the NRC Planetary and Lunar Exploration Task Group.
JOHN C. BROCK is an independent aerospace technology consultant. He is recently retired from Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems, where he was director of technology strategy and planning. Before its acquisition by Northrop Grumman, Dr. Brock was chief technologist of TRW’s Space and Technology sector and a senior scientist with expertise in optoelectronics, high energy lasers, space systems and technologies, and technology planning and road mapping. Prior to joining TRW in 1980, Dr.